Published on March 3, 2008
Digital Photography: Digital Photography Lighting Styles of Lighting: Styles of Lighting Styles of lighting. Broad Lighting. Short Lighting. Narrow lighting. Butterfly Lighting. Rembrandt Lighting. Broad Lighting: Broad Lighting The main light is positioned to illuminate the side of the face that faces the camera. Used for corrective purposes. It will de-emphasize facial features Short Lighting: Short Lighting The main light illuminates the side of the face that is turned away from the camera. Used when the subject has an average oval face. Emphasizes facial contours. Narrow lighting: Narrow lighting good for use in low-key portraits. Short lighting has a narrowing effect. Butterfly Lighting: Butterfly Lighting Position the main light directly in front of the subjects face and adjusting the height to create a shadow directly under, and in line with, the nose. Suited best for women. Not recommended for men since it tends to highlight the ears. Rembrandt Lighting: Rembrandt Lighting Obtained by combining short lighting and butterfly lighting. The main light is positioned high and on the side of the face that is away from the camera. This technique produces an illuminated triangle on the cheek closest to the camera. Rembrandt Lighting: Rembrandt Lighting The triangle will illuminate just under the eye and not below the nose. The positioning of the main light is usually about 45 degrees from the camera-subject axis and should be slightly higher than the subject. 3 Point Lighting: 3 Point Lighting Triangular lighting includes at leas three lights. Key Fill Back Key Light: Key Light The primary front light on the subject usually directly in front of the subject. Fill Light: Fill Light You normally place the fill light on the opposite side of the camera from the main light. The fill light also needs to be a much lower power unit than the main light. If you use too much fill you’ll loose the effect of the lighting style. The purpose of the fill light is to add just enough light to soften the shadows created by the main light. Fill Light: Fill Light Used to control contrast. By increasing the power of the fill you reduce the contrast in the photo. By decreasing the amount of light from the fill, you will increase contrast. Fill Light: Fill Light Bare light sources have a harsh effect and drown out details. Using umbrellas will soften the light and help maintain details. Barn doors control how much light, if any, is allowed to spill onto your background. Fill Light: Fill Light Hair light is a lower power light that illuminates the subjects hair providing separation from the background. Use when photographing a subject with dark hair against a dark background. You would bring the light forward enough to let the light spill onto the subjects face, then slowly move it back until the light disappears from the subjects skin. Back Light: Back Light Background lights can be used to illuminate the background, gaining more depth or separation in your image. This light is usually placed low to the ground on a small stand about half way between your subject and the background. Usually a low power light You can dramatically change the look of the shot by adding a gel to background light. Just remember when using gels you have to use a stronger light to compensate for the illumination being lost through the gel. Reflectors: Reflectors Reflector cards are used to add supplemental light to areas that may still appear too dark. Some of these cards have a gold side that you can use to add a warm glow to the photograph. Others have a silver side to provide more neutral fill light. Reflectors: Reflectors The reflector cards do not need another light source, as they will reflect the light that is already there. To find the proper location for the card, just move it in and out from a spot to see the effect.