Linux Administration -Quontra Solutions

Information about Linux Administration -Quontra Solutions

Published on August 25, 2014

Author: quontra123



Linux Administration: Linux Administration Quontra Solutions online Training with Placement support Call us: 404-900-9988 Email: [email protected] WEBSITE: Basic about Linux: Basic about Linux What is Linux ? - Linux is an open source, freely distributable Unix like operating system that uses Linux kernel . What is Kernel ? - Kernel is the program acting as chief of operations. Is Linux Free? - Yes, Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open source software collaboration . Installation of Linux: Installation of Linux Methods of installing Linux: FTP:-This is one of the earliest methods for performing network installations. HTTP:-The installation tree is served from a web server. NFS:-The distribution tree is shared/exported on an NFS server. SMB:- This method is relatively new, and not all distributions support it. The installation tree can be shared on a Samba server or shared from a Windows box. From the Optical Media PowerPoint Presentation: Username Field : Password Field : User-ID Field (UID): Group-ID Field (GID): GECOS: Directory: Shell: Managing User Account PowerPoint Presentation: Under Linux, every file and program must be owned by a user. Each user has a unique identifier called a user ID (UID). Each user must also belong to at least one group, a collection of users established by the system administrator. Users may belong to multiple groups. Like users, groups also have unique identifiers, called group IDs (GIDs). The /etc/ passwd file stores the user’s login, encrypted password entry, UID, default GID, name (sometimes called GECOS), home directory, and login shell. Managing User Account File System of Linux : File System of Linux A file system is a data structure which interprets the physical sector of a disc into logical directory structure. The logical structure will help computers and users to trace files. The file system registers the location of the files and directories on the disc . Network Configuration: Network Configuration The ifconfig program is primarily responsible for setting up network interface cards (NICs). All of its operations can only be performed through command-line options, as its native format has no menus or graphical interface. Multiple IP address can be assigned for single NIC. Network configuration file stores in /etc/ sysconfig /network-scripts/ ifcfg Global Parameter configuration file stores in /etc/ sysconfig /network. Network Configuration File: Network Configuration File DEVICE=eth1 BOOTPROTO=none HWADDR=00:12:79:9E:DC:0B ONBOOT=yes TYPE=Ethernet USERCTL=no PEERDNS=yes IPV6INIT=no IPADDR= NETMASK= GATEWAY= DHCP: DHCP DHCP provides a method for hosts on a network to request, and be granted, configuration information including the addresses of router and nameservers . DHCP forwarding agents allow clients to receive addresses from a server which is not located on the same network segment. IP addresses are either dynamically assigned from a range or pool of addresses or statically assigned by MAC address. Service Profile: DHCP: Service Profile: DHCP Packages: dhcp Daemons: dhcpd Script: dhcpd Ports: 67( bootps ), 68( bootpc ) Configuration: /etc/ dhcpd.conf / var /lib/ dhcp / dhcpd.leases Related: dhclient Sample configuration provided under : / usr /share/doc/ dhcp - <version> DHCP Configuration File: DHCP Configuration File global definitions ddns -update-style none; # turn off DDNS updates option domain-name “” ; # domain name given to client option domain-name-servers; default-lease-time 21600; # seconds till expire max-lease-time 43200; # maximum lease time subnet netmask { option routers; # local gateway option subnet-mask; # local subnet mask # Range configuration DHCP range; # static configuration for each host BOOTP host station1 { hardware ethernet 00:a0:cc:3d:0b:39; fixed-address; } } FTP: FTP FTP configuration file stores in /etc/ vsftpd / vsftpd.conf Default User(Anonymous) can access only / var / ftpG Generally used to transfer single with proper authentication from previously configured sender’s folder to reciver’s folder FTP Configuration File: FTP Configuration File anonymous_enable =YES anon_upload_enable =YES /etc/ vsftpd / ftpusers ==> denied access /etc/ vsftpd / user_list ==> userlist_enable =YES userlist_deny =YES/NO Telnet: Telnet Telnet  is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks to provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communications facility using a virtual terminal connection. User data is interspersed in-band with Telnet control information in an 8-bit byte oriented data connection over the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). Telnet can not restrict a user after connection to the host has made, ( i.e a user telnetting to a remote host can totally access the host computer if he logged in as a root) Network File System/Service: Network File System/Service The Network File System (NFS) was developed to allow machines to mount a disk partition on a remote machine as if it were a local disk. It allows for fast, seamless sharing of files across a network. Exported directories are defined in /etc/exports Each entry specifies the hosts to which the filesystem is exported plus associated permission and options THANK YOU !! By: THANK YOU !! By

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