Manual Handling Warehouse

Information about Manual Handling Warehouse

Published on August 9, 2014

Author: foxvally



PowerPoint Presentation: Manual Handling PowerPoint Presentation: Manual Handling Awareness learning outcomes: Introduction to Manual Handling Working with your body Types of Injuries from Manual Handling How do you manage the risks? Are there alternatives to Manual Handling? 01 02 03 04 05 What is proper manual handling technique? 06 PowerPoint Presentation: Introduction to Manual Handling 01 PowerPoint Presentation: This lesson focuses on highlighting the importance of correct manual handling. u Manual handling is a risky activity. u We all have to perform manual handling tasks at work. u We should always be looking at ways to make our workplace safer through better practice. u Manual Handling Awareness PowerPoint Presentation: This training will give you the basic knowledge and skills necessary to work safely and efficiently when manual handling. What is Manual Handling – Hazardous Manual Tasks… PowerPoint Presentation: Introduction to Manual Handling What is Manual Handling? Why do we need to take care? What is the law? u u u What are my employer’s obligations? u What are my obligations? u PowerPoint Presentation: What is Manual Handling? PowerPoint Presentation: Manual handling means using your body to exert force to handle, support or restrain any object, including people or animals. It is not just lifting or carrying heavy objects. It includes lifting, pushing, pulling, holding, lowering, throwing, carrying, packing, typing, assembling, cleaning, sorting and using tools. PowerPoint Presentation: The term is not limited to handling heavy objects – pruning plants, stacking items onto a shelf, using a broom and even using a keyboard are all examples of manual handling. repetitive or sustained use of force u Hazardous manual handling could be: awkward postures or movements u tasks that people would find difficult due to the high force required u exposure to sustained vibration u manual handling of unstable loads that are difficult to grasp or hold. u PowerPoint Presentation: Generally people think of manual handling as lifting heavy bags, boxes, cartons or other activities involving considerable effort. However the Regulations apply to any physical activity using force, whether it be lifting, bending, typing, filing or sorting. PowerPoint Presentation: One in three injuries to Australian workers are caused by manual handling, with inexperienced workers at greatest risk. Manual handling injuries are not limited to those sustained by lifting or carrying heavy loads. PowerPoint Presentation: We should examine and assess any manual handling tasks likely to be a risk and to properly manage all tasks assessed as being a risk. A person can be injured when manipulating objects in a variety of ways, including pulling, pushing, holding or restraining. PowerPoint Presentation: Good posture and lifting techniques can help reduce the risks, but research indicates that making changes to workplace design is the most effective approach to preventing manual handling injury. Quick Quiz 1: Quick Quiz 1 PowerPoint Presentation: Why do we need to take care? PowerPoint Presentation: Your health and safety at work is very important. Not just because of any legal requirements either. People, who are happy at work, performing tasks they can properly manage, make for a great workplace. PowerPoint Presentation: We all want to work in a great workplace free from injury. Don’t we? So it is critical that we get our manual handling right if we are to have an injury free and happy workplace. We must aim for proper and safe manual handling in all the tasks we do. In other words, let’s do the job right. Shortcuts are not an option! PowerPoint Presentation: Lifting or pushing something that is very heavy because it is quicker u What do we mean by short cuts? Using extreme force in a task because the right method is not available u Not maintaining correct manual handling technique u Not taking posture breaks because of time constraints u Your participation is critical in making sure that manual handling is done right and excellent workplace health and safety is maintained. PowerPoint Presentation: What is the law? PowerPoint Presentation: Manual handling law is managed by Acts of Parliament in each State and Territory in Australia. In NSW we have the Work Health & Safety (WHS) Act (the Law), which enforces Regulations (the framework), which are supported by Codes of Practice (the guidance). There are also National Standards and Codes of Practice which guide the States and Territories. About Duty of Care…… PowerPoint Presentation: If there is still a risk after using these methods, employers should control it by providing information, training or instruction. Under the W HS Act, employers must consult with employees when identifying hazardous manual handling and making decisions about risk control. Eliminate Isolate, substitute, engineer PPE PowerPoint Presentation: What are my obligations? PowerPoint Presentation: Your expertise and knowledge of your workplace can make a great contribution to improving workplace health and safety. Regular, proactive consultation can help identify issues in your workplace and build a strong commitment to health and safety by including everybody in the decision making process. If you are represented by health and safety representatives, the consultation may involve those representatives. PowerPoint Presentation: take care not to injure yourself or others u You have a very important part to play in the safety of your workplace. You must: cooperate with your employer’s efforts to make the workplace safe u use all safe manual handling solutions u notify any hazardous tasks u not take shortcuts! u Summative Assessment Questions - Lesson 1: Summative Assessment Questions - Lesson 1 PowerPoint Presentation: Working with your body 02 PowerPoint Presentation: Your Body - You only get one PowerPoint Presentation: Your Body - You only get one Bones and Joints Muscles Arms u u u Legs u Spine u Posture u PowerPoint Presentation: Bones and Joints PowerPoint Presentation: The human skeleton is made up of all the bones in our body. Bones are the strong framework that supports and protects or more delicate organs and tissues. Bones are connected by ligaments and muscles. Where the bones connect is called a joint. This is where bones may pivot to provide us with flexibility and movement. PowerPoint Presentation: Joints are usually coated with a smooth surface to make movement easy and painless. It is this coating and the cushioning material that often damaged when we put too much stress on our joints. Especially in the spine. PowerPoint Presentation: The power and strength in our movements is caused by our muscles Different groups of muscles have different functions. We can learn to control these groups of muscles so that we move in a coordinated and planned way. Muscles attach to the bones with ligaments so that the effective result is tugging on a lever to produce movement and power. PowerPoint Presentation: Our arms are designed as levers. Muscles act on the bones and the joints are designed for bending, twisting and lifting forces. The arms are designed for us to pick up and move objects. There are three main bones in each arm and three main joints. PowerPoint Presentation: Our legs are also designed as levers. Muscles act on the bones and the joints are designed for bending twisting and lifting forces. There are three main bones in each leg and three main joints. The legs are designed to be very strong and powerful to lift us up and move. The leg muscles are very powerful and the bones are strong. The legs should be used for any safe lifting.  Quick Quiz 3: Quick Quiz 3 PowerPoint Presentation: Spine PowerPoint Presentation: The spine is a very different kettle of fish, eh.. I mean bones. The spine has lot more bones than the leg and arm has. This means that the spine has less strength and a lot more joints that can be injured Don’t wreck your spine. You can’t get a new one!   PowerPoint Presentation: The spine has three major components: the spinal column of bones and discs u the spinal cord and nerves u supporting structures of muscles and ligaments u PowerPoint Presentation: The bones in the spine are called vertebra. In between each of the vertebra are intervertebral discs. Discs are made up of a gel-like centre; surrounded by bands of fibrous tissue. PowerPoint Presentation: Posture PowerPoint Presentation: The spine is the central support of the skeletal system, which supports body weight and allows flexibility in movement. A healthy spine is S-shaped with three natural curves and requires strong and flexible muscles in the back, leg and abdomen in order to maintain good alignment. When the back is bent, the weight of the upper body alone puts extra pressure on the lower discs in the spine. PowerPoint Presentation: Back injuries can happen when soft tissue suffers severe strains or discs are ruptured. Everything that you pick up with your arms transfers weight to the spinal column down to the hips and legs. The hips and legs are much stronger than the spine. Standing is a natural posture for the spine. The spine is not suited to carrying loads when the upper body is acutely bent or twisted. PowerPoint Presentation: The spine is the weakest link! PowerPoint Presentation: The muscles and ligaments enable the spine to function in an upright position, and the trunk to assume a variety of positions for various activities. There are also many muscles attached to the spine, which help to keep it stable. PowerPoint Presentation: The spine has many more joints than the legs and arms. It is designed to be flexible. Not to be used as a lifting device! What I mean is… you see this many joints in a lifting crane? No, so don’t use your back to lift. PowerPoint Presentation: The spine does not handle the forces involved in twisting bending AND loads. The spine needs to be braced with abdominal and back muscles before any lifting. PowerPoint Presentation: Cracks in the outer rings of the disc, are caused by injuries. Especially those associated with bending or twisting. This causes the gel-like centre to push out, or to break out completely. This bulge can press on the nerves and cause pain. PowerPoint Presentation: Disc bulges are very painful and very hard to fix, if they can be fixed at all! Quick Quiz 4: Quick Quiz 4 PowerPoint Presentation: What's the Problem? PowerPoint Presentation: Up to one third of all work injuries in Australia occur during manual handling. Most of the reported accidents involving manual handling tasks cause back injury although hands, arms, shoulders , legs and feet are also vulnerable. PowerPoint Presentation: It might surprise you to know that back injuries are still the most common musculoskeletal injury even for office workers. Back injuries in the office environment are more than twice as prevalent as any other office work related manual handling injury. PowerPoint Presentation: Sometimes the person injured never fully recovers or requires a long period of rehabilitation before they are able to work again. Do you want this to happen to you? Summative Assessment Questions - Lesson 2: Summative Assessment Questions - Lesson 2 PowerPoint Presentation: Types of Injuries from Manual Handling 03 PowerPoint Presentation: Types of Injuries from Manual Handling What are sprains and strains? How do these injuries occur? What activities contribute to musculoskeletal disorders? u u u What are some of the risk factors in manual handling injuries? u What can add to these risk factors? u What is Repetitive or Sustained Force? u PowerPoint Presentation: Sprain and strain injuries are the most common injury related to manual handling. Sprains and strains are damage to the soft tissue in the body, which often doesn’t fully recover. It includes damage to muscles, ligaments, tendons, spinal discs, nerves, arteries and veins. PowerPoint Presentation: The common types of sprains and strains injury include: back injuries including pulled back muscles and ruptured discs u squashed nerves causing severe pain (e.g. carpal tunnel syndrome in the wrist or sciatic leg pain from the back) u ligament sprains in the upper body u shoulder muscle sprains and dislocations u abdominal hernias u tendon injuries to the hands, forearms and elbows such as tennis elbow u ankle sprains and strains. u Quick Quiz 5: Quick Quiz 5 PowerPoint Presentation: Strains and sprains are a common workplace injury, which may occur as a result of a single incident of over-exertion, or a series of minor strains which build up over time. carrying, holding or restraining items u These injuries can occur from simple manual tasks such as: lifting, pushing, holding or pulling loads u working in a fixed position with the back bent, sitting or standing continuously, or driving vehicles for long periods u repetitive tasks such as reaching to lift or lower objects, or typing continuously u working in awkward positions involving bending or twisting your body to reach items u using hand tools continuously (e.g. Stapler, scissors, hole punch etc.) u PowerPoint Presentation: These injuries are usually the result of common day-to-day tasks at work, meaning all workers regardless of occupation are at risk. Sprains and strains injuries account for approximately 50 to 60 per cent of injuries across the five priority industries targeted in the Queensland Workplace Health and Safety Strategy. PowerPoint Presentation: What activities contribute to musculoskeletal disorders? PowerPoint Presentation: Back Load handling – frequent and repetitive lifting with a bent and/or twisted back, lifting at a fast pace, or pushing/pulling activities. Driving vehicles for prolonged periods (whole body vibration). Driving followed by manual handling of loads is particularly hazardous. Static working positions with the back bent or continuous and sustained sitting or standing. PowerPoint Presentation: Upper limb Repeated or sustained exertions, including gripping, with or without high force u Static postures involving the neck, shoulders and arms while using tools or word processor, or when lifting/carrying heavy loads u Repeated use of vibrating tools and equipment especially while working in cold conditions. u PowerPoint Presentation: Lower limb Prolonged squatting or kneeling u Using the knee to hit a tool (as in carpet laying) u Jumping. u PowerPoint Presentation: What are some of the risk factors in manual handling injuries? PowerPoint Presentation: A number of factors can increase the risk of injury, including: size, shape and weight of objects (if carried or held) and forces required (if pushed, pulled or restrained) u sudden unexpected or jarring movement u awkward movements, such as twisting, bending, over-reaching, especially if combined with load handling u static postures, like holding the body or part of the body in a fixed position for a long time u personal factors, such as age, physical dimensions and any disabilities the person may have. u PowerPoint Presentation: These risk factors are influenced by: how long and how often the tasks are performed u the way work is organised , such as one employee performing all manual handling tasks instead of tasks being shared by several employees; u design and layout of work environment u the degree of familiarity with the task and associated training u PowerPoint Presentation: What is Repetitive or Sustained Force? PowerPoint Presentation: Repetitive means done more than twice in a minute for more than 30 minutes in a given shift. Sustained force means done for more than 30 sec’s at a time. So any Manual Handling that fits into these descriptions is considered hazardous. PowerPoint Presentation: What are some risky activities that involve repetitive or sustained awkward posture, repetitive or sustained movement? u Bending or Twisting the back or neck forwards or sideways more than 20 degrees u Bending the back or neck more than 5 degrees backwards u Sideways bending compressing discs or uneven disc load due to leaning Twisting of the spine may cause soft tissue damage Reaching forwards or sideways more than 30cm from the body or working with one or both hands above head height. u Squatting, kneeling, crawling, lying, semi-lying , jumping or standing on one leg. u Excessive bending of the wrist u u Summative Assessment Questions - Lesson 3: Summative Assessment Questions - Lesson 3 PowerPoint Presentation: How do you manage the risks? 04 PowerPoint Presentation: How do you manage the risks? What are some factors that could help? How do we recognise a manual handling risk? How can I identify the risks? u u u How do I avoid injury? u Does a ‘warm up’ or ‘stretch break ’ stop manual handling injuries ? u PowerPoint Presentation: There are many factors which can help you while you work. Some of these are: prepare by looking at your workplace tasks u recognising manual handling tasks u use any alternatives to manual handling u warm up before manual lifting u proper manual handling technique u PowerPoint Presentation: The best way to avoid injuries is to prepare by: looking at the task during normal working conditions u check out the work process, tools, equipment u examine the workplace layout. u PowerPoint Presentation: How do we recognise a manual handling risk? PowerPoint Presentation: Well it is as simple as thinking “How am I going to do this task?” or “What is involved in moving this object?” or ”Is this to heavy or awkward?” PowerPoint Presentation: How do I know if there’s a risk of injury? It’s a matter of judgment in each case, but there are certain things to look out for, such as people puffing and sweating, excessive fatigue, bad posture, cramped work areas, awkward or heavy loads or a history of back trouble. People such as you can often highlight which activities are unpopular, difficult or hard work. PowerPoint Presentation: What factors relate to risk perception and risk assessment? When people assess a workplace risk it is not unusual to find that there is a variation in how each person perceives the risk. This difference in perception can result in different conclusions on how likely it is that an injury or illness will result from a hazard. PowerPoint Presentation: Variations in risk perception can occur from things such as; incorrect or insufficient information u previous trouble-free or unpleasant experience with this hazard u the culture of their workplace or some other group they belong to u publicity or the number of media reports about this hazard u PowerPoint Presentation: Make sure that you are making good decisions by looking at the task from many perspectives and coming up with the right answers. If it is too heavy for you to lift comfortably...then it is a hazard. Even if someone else can lift it. If you are not sure, get more opinions. Talk to your OHS representative or HS&E Manager PowerPoint Presentation: Discussion – unloading wooden boxes at Hydreco Hydraulics Then slowly work through the required tasks whilst assessing each step for hazards. PowerPoint Presentation: How do I avoid injury: Forceful muscular exertions Forceful muscular exertions place high loads on muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints and discs. Awkward or fixed working postures u Heavy, bulky or difficult to grip loads u Fast or sudden movements u Muscles fatigue with increased exertion, and need more time to recover. The level of muscular effort needed to do a job may be increased by factors such as: Working with a grip that does not allow a large area of the hand to contact the handle u Using vibrating tools that need more effort to grip u Wearing gloves u The design of hand tools u The nature of the load u The load handling procedure u Work organisation u The individual’s strength and capacity to do the manual task. u Often it is a mixture of a number of factors that will increase the risk of injury from forceful exertion. u PowerPoint Presentation: Does a ‘warm up’ or ‘stretch break’ stop manual handling injuries? PowerPoint Presentation: No, proper risk assessment and management prevents manual handling injuries. Warm up and stretch will only help prepare your body for an already safe lift. It won’t help you lift heavier objects! PowerPoint Presentation: When you are about to perform any manual handling task it is a good idea to prepare your body for the task. Warming up muscles gets them ready for the task. Stretching muscles and ligaments gets them in the best shape for manual handling. Stretching and exercise helps get blood circulating and moves joints that are static for long periods of time. If you are warmed up and have stretched, your body is prepared. Just like when you warm up an engine in the morning. If you work it when it is cold you will get poor performance and reduce its life or damage it. PowerPoint Presentation: Here is a suggested routine. You might like to make up your own. Speak to your Supervisor about more warm up and stretch exercises. March on the spot for 2-3 minutes swinging your arms. This will get the blood circulating through your body. Remember to tighten and relax your abdominal muscles as you breathe while marching. Then your stretches might be Side Bends and Torso twists. That’s a good way to warm up and stretch for most manual handling tasks. PowerPoint Presentation: 05. Are there alternatives to Manual Handling? What alternatives are out there? Does ‘team handling’ work? What are some important considerations? u u u PowerPoint Presentation: “Many hands make light work” We have all heard this phrase before. Team handling involves two or more people who work as a team to lift, lower, move or carry loads. Team handling is best used when there is no option but to manually handle a load, a load is heavy, difficult to carry or manage because of size, or mechanical aids are not practical. PowerPoint Presentation: While it is better for a team rather than an individual to work in such situations, team handling is not without its hazards. There is a greater risk of injury if: members of the team are inexperienced in lifting u workers don’t exert force simultaneously u individuals lose coordination u there is an unexpected load increase or change in balance u loads must be carried on a slope or stairs (placing most of the weight on workers at the lowest point of the load). u PowerPoint Presentation: The best way to approach these tasks is to: redesign tasks involving handling heavy or unstable loads u assess the risks in a team handling situation and control possible risks u get the correct equipment and training. u PowerPoint Presentation: Where it is not possible to use powered mechanical aids, consider using other mechanical aids such as trolleys or hand pallet jacks to reduce exposure to manual handling risk. The effectiveness of any solution involving mechanical aids depends on selecting the correct equipment for the application, maintaining it in a condition fit for its purpose, and ensuring that workers who will be using the equipment receive the necessary training and supervision. Issues such as package design, weight and size, frequency of handling, ease of access to the item to be moved, obstacles along the path of movement, work at height, storage/picking location, item stability, and the distance the item is to be moved will determine the most appropriate aids. PowerPoint Presentation: Carefully plan the lift. Be conservative when estimating how much weight a team can handle. Make sure you have: an adequate number of people for the lift u team members of similar size (if possible) u one person responsible for planning and controlling the team handling u enough space for manoeuvres u responsibilities clearly allocated to each team member. u PowerPoint Presentation: Be trained in effective team handling: Assess the manual handling task. u Decide on the number of people needed and their positions. u Clear the area of potential hazards. u Discuss the lift with team members. u Use a countdown to start the lift, and call all actions. u Use lifting aids. u Review the practical team lifting exercise afterwards. u PowerPoint Presentation: Ask yourself, ‘Do we actually need to handle these items at all?’ and ‘Can we get rid of the problem by reducing package size and weight?’ Redesign or repackage Handling of large, bulky, awkward items could be eliminated altogether if you investigate ways to repackage the items to be handled to reduce their weight, or make design changes in your workplace which mean items can be handled by powered mechanical aids. PowerPoint Presentation: Another option is to repackage the items to increase their size and weight so that mechanical aids become the only practicable way of handling these items. In many cases you will may find that any need to handle large, bulky, awkward items is eliminated or significantly reduced. Remember, If it is too heavy or too awkward, even with help, then DON’T DO IT! Asking and getting proper advice is a much better alternative to a lifetime of pain and disability.  PowerPoint Presentation: What is proper manual handling technique? 06 PowerPoint Presentation: 06. What is proper manual handling technique? What is lifting technique? What are some ways to reduce posture hazards? How can you protect your back? u u u How can you protect your neck? u How can you protect your arms? u How can you protect your legs and knees? u How else do I perform safer manual handling? u PowerPoint Presentation: One of the ways we can avoid injury is by using correct body positioning or posture whenever we manually handle anything. The more the spine is bent over the greater the pressure on the discs. The further the weight is away from the body, the greater the pressure on the body and the discs. Prevention of manual handling problems is best achieved by good workplace design and the use of mechanical lifting aids. PowerPoint Presentation: If manual lifting is unavoidable, follow these principals to avoid back injury : Step 1 -Consider your physical ability to handle the load. If in doubt, get assistance. Avoid lifting loads more than 16 – 20kg. u Step 2 - Place your feet close to the object and keep a balanced position. Bend the knees in a semi squat to a comfortable degree and Get a good handhold. Keep the natural curves in the spine while lifting. u Step 3 - Use your leg muscles to lift the load with no sudden accelerations or jerky movements. Don't twist at the hips or shoulders during foot movement u Set the load down by using your leg muscles. Lower the load by bending your knees in a semi squat to a comfortable degree. PowerPoint Presentation: Keep the load as close to the body as possible during all lifting and carrying procedures. Put the load down first, then adjust as a separate planned lift. Avoid lifting with the back fully bent or lifting after prolonged periods with the back bent. Also avoid lifting after a long periods of exposure to whole body vibration as in driving a vehicle. Don’t be a position where you have to twist or bend sideways to place the load and don’t look down when carrying heavy loads PowerPoint Presentation: How can you protect your back? Place tools and other work items so you don’t need to bend forward or reach. u Use mechanical lifting devices for heavy loads. u Design suitable work heights and provide adequate knee and foot clearance. u Avoid bending and/or twisting your back while working. u Have enough room to turn your feet when placing a load at a different angle. u Avoid tripping or slipping hazards. u PowerPoint Presentation: How can you protect your neck? Avoid looking up, bending forward excessively or protruding your neck forward. u Keep your body facing the work or load and look straight ahead. u PowerPoint Presentation: How can you protect your arms? Avoid working with the arms held away from your body. u Avoid repetitive actions u Don’t overload / strain u Avoid rotating the forearm and bending the wrist. u Select tools that reduce the need to turn your forearm. u Use tools/levers that allow the wrist to remain straight. u PowerPoint Presentation: How can you protect your knees? Reduce the need to kneel. If this is not possible, use a cushioned surface. u Avoid squatting by working at low levers only when necessary. u Walk as much as possible during manual tasks instead of standing for long periods. u Quick Quiz 12: Quick Quiz 12 PowerPoint Presentation: How else do I perform safer manual handling? PowerPoint Presentation: One in three injuries to Australian workers are caused by manual handling. Changing workplace design is a more effective way to prevent manual handling injuries than improving posture and lifting techniques. PowerPoint Presentation: Safety suggestions include: Question - Always ask yourself “is there a better way?” u Change the task - does this task need to carried out? If so, does it have to be done this way? u Change the object - for example, repack a heavy load into smaller, more manageable parcels. u Change the workspace - make sure work activities are at optimum heights to limit bending or stretching. u Use mechanical aids - like safety devices, wheelbarrows, conveyor belts, cranes or forklifts. u Change the nature of the work - offer frequent breaks or multi-task. u PowerPoint Presentation: The back is particularly vulnerable to manual handling injuries. Suggestions include: Warm up cold muscles thoroughly before engaging in any manual work. u Lift and carry heavy loads correctly, by keeping the load close to the body and lifting with the thigh muscles. u Get help to lift or carry a heavy load whenever possible, using another worker or appropriate mechanical aids. u Organize the work area to reduce the amount of bending, twisting and stretching required. u Make correct posture. u Take frequent breaks. u

Related presentations