Published on September 20, 2007
Mapping ICT4D Projects in the Philippines: Mapping ICT4D Projects in the Philippines Noriel C. Tiglao and Erwin A. Alampay Presentation Outline: Presentation Outline Objectives of ICT4D Mapping What is ICT4D? Criteria for ICT4D Best Practices ICT4D Projects Database Issues/ Recommendations Objectives of ICT4D Mapping : Objectives of ICT4D Mapping Make an inventory of ICT4D projects in the Philippines Identify a set of criteria for best practices What is ICT4D?: What is ICT4D? Definition of ICT Definition of Development Use of ICT in Development Defining ICT: Defining ICT Broad definition of ICT Use of 'old' or 'new' communication technologies Older communication technologies such as newspaper, radio and TV offer considerable unrealized potential Great potential of new technologies View ICTs as a vehicle for communication rather than simply a means for processing information (Curtain, 2004) Defining Development: Defining Development Activities that relate to the socio-economic well-being of the country or community Activities related to health, education, commerce, environment and governance Defining Development (cont.): Defining Development (cont.) Terms of reference for this research calls for classifying them according to: Political/Governance/ Empowerment Economic/ Livelihood Social/Education Infrastructure/Access Defining Development (cont.): Defining Development (cont.) The development goals of a project may be assessed in relation to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG); also proposed by Curtain (2004) Defining Development (cont.): Defining Development (cont.) A critical issue is whether ICTs serves the needs of the poor especially with respect to dimensions of poverty such as poor health, lack of voice and lack of information (Curtain, 2004) Millennium Development Goals: Millennium Development Goals Use of ICT in Development: Use of ICT in Development ICT-led ICT as the driver of the development process Usually aims to provide the poor with opportunities to receive up-to-date information or achieve an enhanced ability to communicate with others 'Better information, Better economic decisions Based on Curtain (2004) Use of ICT in Development (cont.): Use of ICT in Development (cont.) ICT-in support Supplementary role of ICT in development projects Clarifies the development goals first, works out the ICT needs of the target group and identify the most cost-effective ICT in managing information and providing channels of communication Based on Curtain (2004) Key Components for ICT4D Best Practice (Based on Curtain, 2004): Key Components for ICT4D Best Practice (Based on Curtain, 2004) Key Components for ICT4D Best Practice (Based on Curtain, 2004): Key Components for ICT4D Best Practice (Based on Curtain, 2004) Key Components for ICT4D Best Practice (Based on Curtain, 2004): Key Components for ICT4D Best Practice (Based on Curtain, 2004) Considerations for Identification of Best Practice: Considerations for Identification of Best Practice Clear development objectives of the project Enhance on-going development activities (esp. poverty targets or MDGs) Possibility for replication Sustainability ICT4D Projects Database: ICT4D Projects Database Methodology: Methodology Started with existing ICT project databases (NEDA, NCC, FMA, NAMRIA, COCEC) Desk reviews (UP, Ateneo, La Salle, AIM, Galing Pook) E-mail survey of ICT foundations Survey in PSIS Updates from Cagayan de Oro conference WSIS’ ICT Applications: WSIS’ ICT Applications e-Government e-Business e-Employment e-Agriculture e-Learning e-Health e-Environment e-Science Political/governance/ empowerment Economic/Livelihood Social/Educational Infrastructure/Access Breakdown of ICT projects & their application (n=422): Breakdown of ICT projects andamp; their application (n=422) e-Government/ e-Governance: e-Government/ e-Governance Websites DOLE (provides payment mechanisms) NAMRIA (2000 Web Awards) Naga City (UNDP; NCC) Nueva Ecija Province, Zamboanga del Sur Web-services E-mail access, Downloadable forms Online forums/consultations Job centrals/ Employment opportunities Electronic bidding Access to databases e-Government/e-Governance: e-Government/e-Governance SMS DETxt Patrol 117 Computerization and databases Cagayan de Oro computerized systems replication (Real Property Tax, Business Permit Licensing, Treasury Operations, etc.) Geographic Information Systems Naga’s I-Gov program NEDA’s SZOPAD e-Government/e-Governance: e-Government/e-Governance Emergency response Davao’s Emergency Computer Aided Dispatch (ECAD) Marikina’s 161 Cavite’s 161 PATROL 117 e-Business: e-Business Information Tourist site links Price watch Electronic yellow pages Capability building for SMEs eastASEANbiz.net ACTETSME e-Learning: e-Learning Distance Learning Farming technologies thru community radios in Quezon Text2Teach Konrad-Adenauer Center for Journalism Teacher/Student Skills Development E-Skills learning Project Ed-venture Continuing Science Education for Teachers via Television Diliman Interactive Learning Center DLSU’s Interactive Virtual Learning Environment e-Learning: e-Learning Networking centers of knowledge PREGINET e-Library Exposure to ICTs Mobile Information Technology Classrooms DOST telecenters Barangay InfoTech Capability Building Program e-Health: e-Health Hotlines SARS Hotlines/Textline Specialized databases Infectious Disease Data Management System Hospital medical information needs linked at the provincial level Education/Knowledge Transfer ITCAN Qu4Rad Kapwa Ko, Mahal Ko Distance Learning (UP-CPH, IPHM, Makati Med) e-Employment: e-Employment Job Match Bulacan Job Central Phil-jobnet i-volunteer.ph Linking OFWs with families ATIKHA’s use of video phone OWWA’s Tele-Ugnayan Centers e-Employment: e-Employment Computerization/Automation of PRC exams Support for laborers Remittance service (SMART Padala) Investigate status of recrutiment agencies (dole.gov.ph) e-Environment: e-Environment Use of Geographic Information Systems Land use, soil type, erosion, population, land cover SMS services Bantay Usok, Bantay Dagat, Bantay Kalikasan Weather Watch Pag-asa; National Disaster Coordinating Center e-Agriculture: e-Agriculture Research database AFRDIS, National Information Network Knowledge sharing network Open Academy for Philippine Agriculture GIS Soil patterns, topography Mapping agrarian reform communities (ARCs) Dissemination of farm prices Bas.gov.ph 'Palengke sa ere' e-Science: e-Science Access to ICT Infrastructure Multi-purpose community telecenter project CATnet; PREGINET, BatanesConnect IBM Philippines’ 'Computer Eyes' Promotion of Open Source Bayanihan Linux Issues: Issues Identifying ICT4D Projects Adopting a broad definition of ICT Defining Development that focuses on communities, poverty alleviation and empowerment of people Recommendations: Recommendations Criteria for Best Practice Applying Curtain’s criteria as a start Independent evaluation of projects Identifying a balance of cases By technology (SMS, Internet, radio/tv) By development application (education, health, governance) By scope (local, national, international) Thank you!: Thank you!