marxism (1)

Information about marxism (1)

Published on August 6, 2014

Author: iloveweloowie

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Marxism – the basics: Marxism – the basics PowerPoint Presentation: Understand all sociologists and social theorists by knowing a little about the time they lived in PowerPoint Presentation: Karl Marx 1818 - 1883 PowerPoint Presentation: Mid- Late Nineteenth Century Britain Unrest and protest – Chartism Long hours, low pay Periodic unemployment No Welfare State No universal right to vote PowerPoint Presentation: Mid-Nineteenth Century Europe Revolution in France - 1848 Revolutions elsewhere in Europe Times of Turmoil PowerPoint Presentation: Marx’s insight: It’s all about money PowerPoint Presentation: Some have it…… They are called capitalists (or the bourgeoisie) PowerPoint Presentation: Others don’t ….. They are called the workers (or the proletariat) PowerPoint Presentation: Capitalists and workers are thrown together into relations of production PowerPoint Presentation: They don’t get on too well PowerPoint Presentation: Capitalists want the maximum PROFIT – and the lowest costs PowerPoint Presentation: Workers want the highest wage for the least work PowerPoint Presentation: These two groups are locked in mortal combat PowerPoint Presentation: The Capitalists compete with each other. The successful capitalist’s get richer and richer PowerPoint Presentation: … and the failed capitalists fall down into the working class PowerPoint Presentation: The workers meanwhile are more and more exploited by the remaining capitalists – they get poorer and poorer PowerPoint Presentation: Marx said that eventually the workers will rise up in revolution against the capitalist class A new communist society will be created PowerPoint Presentation: The backstory What is making all this happen? PowerPoint Presentation: Marx has a theory it’s because societies are always made from two parts PowerPoint Presentation: The Base The base is like the foundations of a building. Marxists say the economy (the means of production) is the base PowerPoint Presentation: And the superstructure The rest of the building which is built on the foundations The superstructure means all the other parts of society – culture, the state, education PowerPoint Presentation: The economic base determines (shapes) the superstructure PowerPoint Presentation: So this is called The base-superstructure model Superstructure Base PowerPoint Presentation: Social Control in capitalist society is achieved through ideology - ruling class ideology PowerPoint Presentation: The ruling ideas in any time are always those of the ruling class PowerPoint Presentation: The working class may suffer from false consciousness – not understanding their true class position PowerPoint Presentation: Not a bad theory – but there are several criticisms which can be made of it PowerPoint Presentation: It’s not all about money – this is economically reductionist e.g. what about ideas, culture, religion? PowerPoint Presentation: Marxism makes people appear to be dominated by structures Puppets or People with the ability to act? PowerPoint Presentation: Gender and Race blind - the only social groupings it seems to recognise are classes PowerPoint Presentation: Now – over to you – weigh it up. Like any theory it has good points and bad points - but hopefully you will find it can explain some things about your society ?

Related presentations