Published on October 24, 2007
What’s Inside A Masjid?: What’s Inside A Masjid? The masjid of Allah shall be visited and maintained by such as believe in Allah and the Last Day, establish regular prayers, and practice regular charity, and fear none (at all) except Allah. It is they who are expected to be on true guidance." [9:17-18] The Call To Prayer: The Call To Prayer “God is great. There is not God but God.” These are the last words of the adhan, which calls all Muslims to prayer 5 times a day. A man known as a muezzin used to call the adhan from the minaret. Nowadays, you will hear the adhan broadcast over loudspeakers. Minaret of the Koutoubia Masjid Marrakech, Morocco Slide3: The Adhan The Muezzin The Call to Prayer by Jean-Léon Gérôme -1879 Types of Minarets: Types of Minarets Ottoman Minaret Minaret of the Great Masjid of Qairawan Minaret of the Taj Mahal Spiral Minaret Al Mutawakil Masjid Minaret of the Great Masjid in Seville Yemeni Minaret Source: www.islamicarchitecture.org Front Entrance and Shoe Racks: Front Entrance and Shoe Racks Assalam Alaikum. The first thing we have to do when entering a masjid is taking off our shoes and place them on a shoe rack. We want to keep the building clean so that we can do our prayers without worrying that the floor might be dirty. Front Entrance and shoe rack at the Yateem Masjid in Bahrain. London Central Masjid -Main Prayer Hall: London Central Masjid -Main Prayer Hall The Minbar and the Mihrab: The Minbar and the Mihrab The minbar is the raised set of steps from which the Imam gives the sermon at the Friday juma’a prayer. Sometimes the Imam stands at the podium next to the steps to give the sermon. A mihrab is a niche in the wall that indicates the qibla, i.e. the direction of the Ka’bah that Muslims should face when praying. . Minbar and mihrab. Masjid of Sultan Barquq Prayer Clocks: Prayer Clocks In the masjid, there are six clock faces. These are not real clocks that work. The first five clock faces show the five times of prayer each day. The sixth clock face shows the time of the Friday service. 1. Prayers before dawn - fajr 2. Prayers just after midday – ‘asr 3. Mid afternoon prayers - zuhr 4. Prayers after sun set - maghrib 5. Prayers after dark - isha 6. The Friday service – juma’a There are no pictures or statues in a mosque. Mosques are decorated with patterns and words from the Qur'an.: There are no pictures or statues in a mosque. Mosques are decorated with patterns and words from the Qur'an. Carpets: Carpets There are no chairs or benches in a masjid, only carpets. A masjid is often covered "from wall to wall" with several layers of carpets. To deed a carpet to a masjid is an act of piety and many Muslims do so. Yemeni masjid in Cardiff. The carpet is in the shape of individual prayer mats. Ablution Facilities: Ablution Facilities Masjids have special areas for men and women to perform wudhu in privacy. In traditional masjids, this function is often elaborated into a freestanding building in the center of a courtyard. Ablution room at the Hassan II Masjid, Casablanca, Morocco Inside the Masjid(picture taken from David Macaulay’s book “Mosque”): Inside the Masjid (picture taken from David Macaulay’s book “Mosque”) Inside the Masjid(picture taken from David Macaulay’s book “Mosque”): Inside the Masjid (picture taken from David Macaulay’s book “Mosque”) Sharing What God Gives: Sharing What God Gives Every masjid has a place where Muslims can donate money to give to the poor or needy and also to help pay the expenses of the masjid. Zakat, which is Arabic for “charity”. Zakat box in Richmond, BC, Canada by Sumayya Kassamali The Library: The Library Bookshelves are found in most masjids. They contain works of Islamic philosophy, theology and law, as well as collections of the traditions and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. Copies of the Qur’an, Islam's revealed text, are always available to worshippers. Preserving Tradition: Preserving Tradition Many masjids have schools where children are taught to respect the holy books and prophets. In the classrooms, children learn about the traditions and laws of Islam. They learn to read Arabic and say their prayers. They also learn about the holidays we celebrate in the Islamic year. Boys reading the Qur’an at the Amsterdam Masjid.