media 22469 en

Information about media 22469 en

Published on January 13, 2008

Author: Soffia

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Confounding Neoliberalism: The crisis of faith-based activism in the Southern Andes of Peru:  Confounding Neoliberalism: The crisis of faith-based activism in the Southern Andes of Peru Elizabeth Olson Institute of Geography University of Edinburgh Neoliberalism, contingency and the minimalist state:  Neoliberalism, contingency and the minimalist state Managing contingency and the fiction of the minimalist state Partnership as a ‘new’ component of neoliberalism ‘…this is not just a top-down process in which a paternalistic state is imposing its logical on the social forces it seeks to regulate; the activities of both public servants and community activists are being reconstituted by these new understandings’ Larner and Butler 2005, p. 103 Managing contingent relationships in Peru: from business antistatism to civil activism:  Managing contingent relationships in Peru: from business antistatism to civil activism 1980-1985 – Fernando Belaúnde Terry 1985-1990 – Alan García Pérez 1990-2000 – Alberto Fujimori (2000-2001) – Valentín Paniagua 2001-2006 – Alejandro Toledo July 28, 2006 – President Alan García Pérez Social justice and the Iglesia Surandina: two phases of activism:  Social justice and the Iglesia Surandina: two phases of activism Slide6:  Alliance of five bishops Voice of liberation theology, pro-indigenous rights Transnational networks of support, advocacy, research Southern Andean centre for activism and study Iglesia Surandina in the mid 1980s:  Iglesia Surandina in the mid 1980s Conditions Shining Path insurgency in Ayaviri, Puno Increasing poverty, disappearances under first presidency of Alan García Pérez Entrenched economic inequality Responses: confrontation and protest Formation of the Vicaría de Solidaridad Open communications with military Human shields, protests, letters Marcha por la Tierra:  Marcha por la Tierra Reaction to the uneven redistribution of land after 1969 Agrarian Reform Part of a broader politics of confronting poverty and terrorism Very localised resistance Melchor Lima/TAFOS, 1991, Ayaviri Slide9:  ‘The fight for the land is a political problem, but its interesting how we related the fight for the land with the fight for life…in this area, without land there is not life – material, spiritual, communitarian, cultural or religious life.’ Former bishop of Ayaviri Slide10:  ‘We always tried to make it clear that we are not here to compete with people, we are here to help them and so forth. We tried with the [government] ministries, and so on, but they were so irresponsible. You would get something going and they would change personnel, and that was the end of it. And political appointees, they would never deliver, you would spend hours in meetings trying to organize, but…’ Former Bishop of Sicuani The Iglesia Surandina in 2000s:  The Iglesia Surandina in 2000s Conditions Chaos of post-Fujimori Peru high expectations for Toledo government under a faltering economy A shrinking Church alliance and emergence of new regional civil society networks Responses: citizenship and access Training of democratic citizenry (state and non-state programmes) Human rights and familiar violence Formal development projects June 2002 privatisation protests:  June 2002 privatisation protests Speaking against protest in 2002: favouring democratic process and the possibility of improvements:  Speaking against protest in 2002: favouring democratic process and the possibility of improvements Why the discouragement of protest? :  Why the discouragement of protest? Violence fatigue Belief in democratic process Feeling that immediate needs should not be undermined by protest Ambivalence about long-term impacts of privatisation Slide15:  ‘It used to be clear what the fight was for – there were the peasants without land, the landowners, the Church fighting alongside the peasants. Today there is a system. How do you fight a system?’ Parish Priest, Canas confounding neoliberalism and the consequences for social justice::  confounding neoliberalism and the consequences for social justice: Some neoliberal policies will resonate more clearly with local experiences of deprivation and well-being than others. How they are interpreted reflects: Conditions of uneven development The histories of social mobilisation and shifting relationships with the state As scholars and practitioners, we might a) be more precise about the presumed normative value of both neoliberal economic policies and histories of resistance; and b) begin to offer empirical analyses that undermine the fiction of the minimalist state

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