Merrilands

Information about Merrilands

Published on January 23, 2008

Author: Valentina

Source: authorstream.com

Content

What Is Crude Oil?:  What Is Crude Oil? An oily liquid that occurs naturally in the ground A mixture of hydrocarbon compounds and other substances Used to create fuels, lubricating oils, asphalt, petrochemicals and other products Crude oils vary in colour History of Crude Oil:  History of Crude Oil Crude oil has been known for several thousands of years The Arabs and Persians distilled it to form a thin oil to burn in lamps During the early 1800s, scientists began to discover that it contained a number of useful substances The first underground oil was discovered in 1841 In the early 1900s, modern methods of finding oil were devised Hydrocarbon Structures of Petroleum:  Hydrocarbon Structures of Petroleum Petroleum consists of three main hydrocarbon groups: Paraffins Naphthenes Aromatics The Refining Process:  The Refining Process Distillation (fractionation) Atmospheric distillation High vacuum distillation Cracking Reforming Alkylation Polymerisation Isomerisation Fractionation Solvent extraction Dehydration Desalting Sulphur removal Hydrotreating The Source of Crude Oil:  The Source of Crude Oil Found in large sedimentary basins Extracted from the ground, on land or under the oceans Microscopic section of an oil-bearing rock Waste and Its Treatment:  Waste and Its Treatment Waste Treatment Outcome Vacuum residue Bitumen plant Bitumen Waste water The oil is Contaminated API separators/ reused in the With oil slop tanks refining process Monitoring the Quality of Crude Oil:  Monitoring the Quality of Crude Oil Preliminary assay - inspection data Full assay - based on true boiling point distillation Environmental Controls :  Environmental Controls Cause Control Escape of Floating roofs, Hydrocarbon pumps and valves Vapors checked routinely Smoke Furnace control systems Noise Equipment enclosed or insulated, exhaust silencers Occupational Health and Safety:  Occupational Health and Safety Personal Safety Sign in Attend safety briefing Personal Protection Overalls or trousers and long-sleeved shirt Safety helmet Steel toed safety footwear Safety glasses with side shields Ear protection

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