Published on October 23, 2007
MOROCCO: MOROCCO FROM THE 1900’S TO THE PRESENT 1894 - 1908: 1894 - 1908 Reign of Moulay Abdelaziz. During this period, The Moroccan Sahara was shared out, under a secret treaty, between France and Spain (1904); the Algesiras Act was signed in 1906 and Casablanca was attacked by the French in 1907. 1908 - 1912: 1908 - 1912 Reign of Moulay Abdelhafid. The Protectorate Treaty dividing Morocco into French, Spanish and international zones of influence was signed on March 30, 1912. 1912 - 1927: 1912 - 1927 Reign of Moulay Youssef during which the Moroccan People strongly opposed French and Spanish occupation (war of the Rif, Moha Ouhammou Zayani.) 1913 – Rif War November 18, 1927: November 18, 1927 Enthronement of His Majesty Mohammed V at the age of 18. Under his rule, Morocco engaged in the decisive battle for independence. July 9, 1929: July 9, 1929 Birth of His Majesty King Hassan II. January 11, 1944 Presentation of the “Independence Manifesto”, demanding recognition of the independence of Morocco, its territorial integrity and its national sovereignty as embodied by His majesty King Mohammed V. April 9,1947: April 9,1947 Trip by His Majesty Mohammed V to Tangier during which he delivered a historical speech which marked the revival of the national conscience and resistance to foreign occupation. August 20, 1953: August 20, 1953 Exile of the late King Mohammed V and the Royal Family to Madagascar. Beginning of the “Revolution of the King and the People”. November 16, 1953 Return from exile of the late King Mohammed V and his family. March 2, 1956: March 2, 1956 Signing of “Celle-Saint Cloud” agreements recognizing the Independence of the Kingdom of Morocco. April 7, 1956 Signing an agreement with Spain, putting the end of the Spanish protectorate over the Moroccan Northern provinces. April 22, 1956: April 22, 1956 Morocco becomes a member of the United Nations Organization. 1958 Recovery of the Province of Tarfaya (under Spanish rule). 1961: 1961 Death of His Majesty Mohammed V. His Majesty King Hassan II received the pledge of allegiance. Enthronement of His Majesty King Hassan II. 1969 Recovery of the city Sidi Ifni, formerly under Spanish rule. 1975: 1975 The Green March: 350,000 volunteers crossed the artificial borders between the mother land and the Sahara. Signing of the Madrid Accords whereby Morocco restored its sovereignty over the Sahara. 1980 - 1989: 1980 - 1989 Visit by His Majesty King Hassan II to Dakhla, in the Province of Oued Eddahab, (former Rio de Oro), in the Moroccan Sahara. His Majesty visited the Sahara Provinces (Laayoun and the defense wall, south of Boukraa). Signing of the Treaty establishing the Arab Maghreb Union (U.M.A.), in Marakesh. 1990 : 1990 His Majesty announced the establishment of a National Council for youth and the Future. 1994 Ministerial Conference (GATT) held in Marakesh. Economic Summit on the Middle East & North Africa held in Casablanca. 1995 -1996: 1995 -1996 King Hassan II meets President Yasser Arafat and M. Shimon Peres. King Hassan II takes part in the “Peace Builders” Summit tin Sharm El-Cheikh in Egypt. Morocco ratifies in Cairo the denuclearization treaty in Africa. Adoption of the new draft of the constitution sets up a bicameral system. 1997 - 1999: 1997 - 1999 A joint declaration is signed between the political parties and the authorities, related to the elections. King Hassan II meets in the Throne Hall the new government formes by M. El Youssoufi, which institutes the principle of change-over of political power for the first time in the history of the Kingdom. Death of King Hassan II (1929 – 1999).