Published on October 5, 2010
MOTIVATION : MOTIVATION DR.A. ANAND, PhD www.eisrjc.com www.peerc.com www.aerassociation.com Motivation : Motivation The derivation of the word tells us that motivation refers to getting someone moving. When we motivate ourselves or someone else, we develop incentives - we set up conditions that start or stop behavior. In education motivation deals with the problem of setting up conditions so that learners will perform to the best of their abilities in academic settings. Types of Motivation : Types of Motivation Intrinsic Motivation Intrinsic motivation can be simply defined as what people will do without external inducement. Intrinsically motivating activities are those in which people will engage for no reward other than the interest and enjoyment that accompanies them. Factors that are intrinsically motivating are the individual factors and interpersonal factors. Intrinsic Motivation : Intrinsic Motivation Individual factors are individual in the sense that they operate even when a student is working alone. Interpersonal factors, on the other hand, play a role only when someone else interacts with the learner. Extrinsic Motivation : Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation comes from outside of the performer. Money is the most obvious example, but coercion and threat of punishment are also common extrinsic motivations. Extrinsic Motivation : Extrinsic Motivation In sports, the crowd may cheer the performer on, and this motivates him or her to do well. Trophies are also extrinsic incentives. Competition is often extrinsic because it encourages the performer to win and beat others, not to enjoy the intrinsic rewards of the activity.