munoz

Information about munoz

Published on December 1, 2007

Author: Brainy007

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Importance of Land Tenure Security for Poverty Reduction and Economic Development of Indigenous Peoples:  Importance of Land Tenure Security for Poverty Reduction and Economic Development of Indigenous Peoples Jorge A. Muñoz Sr. Land Administration Specialist Latin America and Caribbean Region The World Bank Outline:  Outline Where do land property rights come from? Why are they important, in general… … and for indigenous peoples in particular? Ways to increase tenure security of indigenous peoples Impact of more secure indigenous land rights Where do land property rights come from?:  Where do land property rights come from? Evolution with population growth Imposition by outside forces These two factors shape land relations Rapid dynamics with increasing land scarcity and land values Increasing market integration provides opportunities and risks Why are they important, in general…:  Why are they important, in general… Social peace and good governance Reduce conflict and civil strife Minimize discretionary bureaucratic action and corruption Economic growth Provide incentives for investment, including human capital Reduce biased provision of public goods, make markets more transparent Unequal distribution hampers long-term growth Poverty reduction Land is key asset for the poor Facilitate consumption smoothing, provide social insurance …and for indigenous peoples in particular:  …and for indigenous peoples in particular Address the historical expulsion from, lack of recognition of, and/or enforcement of original land rights Consolidate what is a major source of social and cultural cohesion Increase opportunities to benefit from increasing market integration Reduce risks of further exclusion Implications of ILO 169, territoriality Ways to increase tenure security of indigenous peoples:  Ways to increase tenure security of indigenous peoples Constitutional / legal recognition Titling and physical demarcation Conflict resolution Enforcement by the State Community involvement, mobilization Training on legal, economic, technical issues Impact of more secure indigenous land rights:  Impact of more secure indigenous land rights Investment impact of more secure tenure Higher investment opportunities and/or partnerships Increased land values and incomes Reduced poverty Transferability adds considerably to this Even when credit is not an option Equity benefits Less effort to secure property rights Improved local governance, less manipulation by the State, outsiders Natural resource conservation and management

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