myers12

Information about myers12

Published on August 9, 2007

Author: Amateur

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Personality:  Personality 'She felt that those who prepared for all the emergencies of life beforehand may equip themselves at the expense of joy.' E.M. Forster 'Howards End' Personality:  Personality Unique, relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling and behaving Preferences – for how you handle situations, your sense of humor, or your expectations of others 'You have a strong need for other people to like andamp; admire you. You have a tendency to be critical of yourself. You have a great deal of unused capacity, which you have not turned to your advantage…disciplined andamp; controlled on the outside, you tend to be worrisome andamp; insecure inside…at times, you’re extraverted, affable, andamp; sociable; at other times, you’re introverted, wary, andamp; reserved' Psychoanalytic Approach:  Psychoanalytic Approach Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) Josef Breuer’s 'talking cure' Catharsis Product of the Victorian era Repressed sexuality Rationality andamp; self-control distinguish us from the animals Eros and Thanatos Inhibited sexuality andamp; inhibited aggression The Iceberg Metaphor Freud’s Structure of Personality:  Freud’s Structure of Personality How the iceberg works:  How the iceberg works Id Functions on ‘pleasure principle’ Immediate gratification of needs to reduce tension andamp; discomfort regardless of consequences Superego Functions on ‘idealistic principle’ Our moral guide/conscience Influenced by internalizing our parents’ values andamp; the voice of society Works against the Id by inflicting guilt How the iceberg works (cont.):  How the iceberg works (cont.) Ego Functions on ‘reality principle’ Serves to balance the demands the Id and the Superego Assesses what is realistically possible in satisfying the Id and/or Superego (i.e., what society will deem acceptable) Ego uses defense mechanisms to protect itself Personality is result of the battle for control between id, ego andamp; superego Defense Mechanisms:  Defense Mechanisms Denial Denying the anxiety outright Repression Blocking out/prevention of anxiety – forcing anxiety back into unconscious Rationalization Creating false reasons or explanations for anxiety in the form of a shortcoming Defense Mechanisms (cont.):  Defense Mechanisms (cont.) Projection Seeing in others unacceptable feelings that reside in one’s own unconscious Displacement Acting out your anxiety on an innocent party Scapegoating Defense Mechanisms (cont.):  Defense Mechanisms (cont.) Reaction formation Reversing the nature of the anxiety so that it feels like its opposite nature Exaggerated love for someone you unconsciously hate Sublimation Channeling anxiety into socially-acceptable activities Focusing sexual energy into art, music, etc. Freud’s Psychosexual Stages:  Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Periods of development Sexual focus Implications for adult personality Fixation Oral (Birth to 1½ yrs) Gratification is centered around the mouth (e.g., breast-feeding, sucking, biting) Anal (1½ to 3 yrs) Gratification is centered around the pleasure of defecation; toilet-training is issue for resolution and development Freud’s Psychoanalytic Stages:  Freud’s Psychoanalytic Stages Phallic (3 to 6) Gratification manifests itself through masturbation; resolution for development lies in identification w/ same-sex parent Oedipus Complex Boys have unconscious jealous love for mother and desire to kill the father; fear of castration by father leads to resolution with acceptance of/identification with father and internalization of father’s values Strong superego results in this resolution Electra Complex Girls discover that they do not have a penis and desire one ('penis envy'); they direct their anger toward the mother for not providing a penis; jealous of mother forefather Gradual realization that these desires are self-defeating; identification with mother results Freud’s Psychoanalytic Stages:  Freud’s Psychoanalytic Stages Latency (6 to puberty) Sexual urges are repressed and transformed into socially acceptable activities, such as schoolwork and peer activities Genital (puberty – adulthood) Successful resolution and development into a mature sexual relationship Criticisms of Freud:  Criticisms of Freud Sexist Freud’s theory was thought to be sexist against women (e.g., 'penis envy', underdeveloped superego) Description rather than prediction Subjective description, solely by Freud, and 'after the fact' on a relatively small sample of patients, including himself! His patients were mostly females from upper classes Unverifiable concepts How the heck can you directly confirm, disconfirm, or even observe the Oedipus Complex?! Feels more mythical than scientific Too many hypotheses for reactions to anxiety But…:  But… Freud’s theory…. Was rich and comprehensive in description 1st comprehensive theory of personality: every personality theory since can be seen as a reaction to Freud Sparked psychoanalysis Many still believe that psychoanalysis is the best treatment for mental illness Was controversial and stretched the boundaries for creativity Freud: 'I am actually not a man of science, not an observer, not an experimenter, not a thinker. I am by temperament nothing but a conquistador—an adventurer…with all the curiosity, daring, and tenacity characteristic of a man of this sort.' Why do you think his theory is still popular today? What do you like about it and why? Beyond Freud…Dispositional Approaches:  Beyond Freud…Dispositional Approaches Principles of dispositional approaches Personality is stable over time Personality is consistent across situations Consequences of these principles We must have enduring personal characteristics Traits Types Allport’s Trait Theory:  Allport’s Trait Theory Trait Relatively enduring, consistent personality characteristics - inferred from behavior 3 types of traits Cardinal traits Affect every area of the individual’s life Mother Theresa – altruistic Central traits Influence many aspects of our lives, but not quite as pervasive Someone you think of as 'kind' or 'funny' Secondary traits Affect narrower aspects of our lives Preference for cowboy hats or always wearing perfume Type Theories:  Type Theories 5-factor model of personality Where we fall on 5 different dimensions determines personality type Dimensions Openness to experience Curiosity, flexibility, imagination, artistic sensibility Conscientiousness Discipline, organization, dependable Extraversion Outgoing, upbeat, friendly, assertive, gregarious Agreeableness Sympathetic, trusting, cooperative, straightforward Neuroticsm Anxious, hostile, self-conscious Behavioral Perspectives:  Behavioral Perspectives Bandura Self Efficacy Take his ideas of observational learning and add cognition Knowing we can actually perform behaviors successfully, in the way we wish to behave, leads to self-praise Mischel’s controversy Situational specificity Our behavior is mostly a function of a given situation, not of stable, internal traits Interactionism: both traits and situations interact to produce behavior, thoughts Bandura’s reciprocal determinism: behavior also influences traits and situations – all 3 factors influence each other Humanistic Psychology:  Humanistic Psychology Focuses on the positive aspects of being human (e.g., goodness, creativity, free will) Rejection of the scientific goal of predicting and controlling human behavior The major aim should be to discover things that expand and enrich human experience Should strive to seek info that will help solve human problems Description of what it means to be a human being in terms of meaningful experience, such as values, language, and emotions Humanistic perspectives:  Humanistic perspectives Rogers Person-centered therapy Congruence vs. incongruence Evolutionary perspective:  Evolutionary perspective Evolutionary perspective Disregards both conscious andamp; unconscious determinants of personality Personality is a function of your unique combination of genes Good at: Explaining the Big Five Bad at: Explaining individual differences Assessing Personality:  Assessing Personality Provide a story here: What does this look like? What features make you think this? What does this remind you of? Projective Tests:  Projective Tests Ask about meaningless, ambiguous stimuli Theory behind it that we will give an answer consistent with the inner workings of our minds Rorschach Inkblots Best used to measure how people process information Creativity, coping resources, emotional processing, relationships with others, thought disorders, psychoses TAT-like Card:  TAT-like Card Provide a story here: What is happening in this picture? What led up to it? What are the people here thinking and feeling? What will happen to these people here? Thematic Apperception Test:  Thematic Apperception Test Black andamp; white pictures of people in vague/ambiguous situations Asked to make up a dramatic story about the picture Best used to learn the motivation behind people’s behavior Believed that person will identify with one of the characters on each card In their stories, people are thought to express their own circumstances, needs, environmental demands, emotions, and perceptions of reality

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Amateur

Time Management
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Time Management

genitourinary surgery
30. 04. 2008
0 views

genitourinary surgery

musso
28. 04. 2008
0 views

musso

JBEIT Procurement
18. 04. 2008
0 views

JBEIT Procurement

Rodgers
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Rodgers

IPsec Business
16. 04. 2008
0 views

IPsec Business

1narongchai
14. 04. 2008
0 views

1narongchai

ch03 4e sp07
13. 04. 2008
0 views

ch03 4e sp07

EntretiensMD 061005 VA
10. 04. 2008
0 views

EntretiensMD 061005 VA

The story of Abraham 3 10
19. 06. 2007
0 views

The story of Abraham 3 10

low cost strategy 040405
13. 03. 2008
0 views

low cost strategy 040405

PP Latin America Unit XX
22. 10. 2007
0 views

PP Latin America Unit XX

C6436 11th Family
24. 02. 2008
0 views

C6436 11th Family

reniers film history
20. 02. 2008
0 views

reniers film history

08 Osborne Use of Methanol
07. 11. 2007
0 views

08 Osborne Use of Methanol

Notes Japan
09. 10. 2007
0 views

Notes Japan

Pablo NERUDA
16. 10. 2007
0 views

Pablo NERUDA

indiaglorious
16. 10. 2007
0 views

indiaglorious

Greeklegacies
17. 10. 2007
0 views

Greeklegacies

CRP 1000 Presentation
19. 10. 2007
0 views

CRP 1000 Presentation

CrossingtheFinishLine
05. 09. 2007
0 views

CrossingtheFinishLine

RAI Status Report
23. 10. 2007
0 views

RAI Status Report

distribution aufait
23. 10. 2007
0 views

distribution aufait

comma
05. 09. 2007
0 views

comma

MIE2006 Workshop
05. 09. 2007
0 views

MIE2006 Workshop

PlenaryPovertyNarayan
29. 11. 2007
0 views

PlenaryPovertyNarayan

ubicomp smart homes
27. 08. 2007
0 views

ubicomp smart homes

ShirleyJackson
27. 08. 2007
0 views

ShirleyJackson

Culture Conflict Resolution
27. 08. 2007
0 views

Culture Conflict Resolution

Ed Moyle 2006 RSA
27. 08. 2007
0 views

Ed Moyle 2006 RSA

anxiety
27. 08. 2007
0 views

anxiety

NYpanel 4 DATAUSE
05. 09. 2007
0 views

NYpanel 4 DATAUSE

Influenza 2006
25. 10. 2007
0 views

Influenza 2006

mals russia trip
26. 10. 2007
0 views

mals russia trip

geneticAlgorithm
29. 10. 2007
0 views

geneticAlgorithm

june7
15. 11. 2007
0 views

june7

The Romans WWtbaM
14. 12. 2007
0 views

The Romans WWtbaM

Lsn 3 Egypt
10. 10. 2007
0 views

Lsn 3 Egypt

Economics of ClimateChange
30. 12. 2007
0 views

Economics of ClimateChange

Amateur Satellites
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Amateur Satellites

bio refinery
03. 01. 2008
0 views

bio refinery

Nobelpreise
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Nobelpreise

Impact of Metrology Eng
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Impact of Metrology Eng

DensityNotes
06. 11. 2007
0 views

DensityNotes

All Star Grill
17. 12. 2007
0 views

All Star Grill

Slivovsky CPE350 Lecture5
07. 01. 2008
0 views

Slivovsky CPE350 Lecture5

Obesity Trends Map
09. 08. 2007
0 views

Obesity Trends Map

Obesity Prevalence
09. 08. 2007
0 views

Obesity Prevalence

Logics of Enquiry
09. 08. 2007
0 views

Logics of Enquiry

Obesity workshop
09. 08. 2007
0 views

Obesity workshop

CAIRO NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES
23. 11. 2007
0 views

CAIRO NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES

Robotalk
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Robotalk

Potts Whipple
12. 10. 2007
0 views

Potts Whipple

07 wifi Hovis
29. 10. 2007
0 views

07 wifi Hovis

prop50information
03. 01. 2008
0 views

prop50information

Angola MTB
19. 10. 2007
0 views

Angola MTB

PP JA FUENTES
22. 10. 2007
0 views

PP JA FUENTES

cowie
19. 11. 2007
0 views

cowie

wehrle
15. 10. 2007
0 views

wehrle

4B2006
22. 10. 2007
0 views

4B2006

Energizing your online presence
27. 08. 2007
0 views

Energizing your online presence

PRC56 Amanda open
27. 09. 2007
0 views

PRC56 Amanda open

ufrj 2003
28. 12. 2007
0 views

ufrj 2003

voting
27. 08. 2007
0 views

voting

copyright law
30. 10. 2007
0 views

copyright law

My name is Meth
02. 10. 2007
0 views

My name is Meth

PAAB Presentation Kelly
27. 02. 2008
0 views

PAAB Presentation Kelly

healthy eating SC
04. 03. 2008
0 views

healthy eating SC

Future Naval Capabilities
06. 03. 2008
0 views

Future Naval Capabilities

FP7 FAFB Information 2
27. 11. 2007
0 views

FP7 FAFB Information 2

RigandShip experience
07. 11. 2007
0 views

RigandShip experience

MORTON
07. 11. 2007
0 views

MORTON

Pakistan RSpresentation
30. 03. 2008
0 views

Pakistan RSpresentation

Preciosa factura 1949
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Preciosa factura 1949

Postales de Amistad 1970
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Postales de Amistad 1970

Kickoff Presentation 2007
30. 10. 2007
0 views

Kickoff Presentation 2007

Simplemente Espectacular 1 1714
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Simplemente Espectacular 1 1714

Regalos Originales
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Regalos Originales

Regalito 1713
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Regalito 1713

realidad
19. 06. 2007
0 views

realidad

Toda mujer deberia 1971
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Toda mujer deberia 1971

The three wise men 2 of 12
19. 06. 2007
0 views

The three wise men 2 of 12

Tanga mania 2016
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Tanga mania 2016

srs presentation
19. 06. 2007
0 views

srs presentation

SOAP
19. 06. 2007
0 views

SOAP

slideshoweou
19. 06. 2007
0 views

slideshoweou

HEARTof Darkness pres2
27. 08. 2007
0 views

HEARTof Darkness pres2

smpp tuberculosis janssens
15. 10. 2007
0 views

smpp tuberculosis janssens

AFD 070425 016
27. 08. 2007
0 views

AFD 070425 016

Rocks and Minerals
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Rocks and Minerals

corso studi fisica
15. 10. 2007
0 views

corso studi fisica

TL China
25. 03. 2008
0 views

TL China

Proverbios Animados 1951
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Proverbios Animados 1951

errors funny fatal
27. 08. 2007
0 views

errors funny fatal

20060828091411514
12. 10. 2007
0 views

20060828091411514

08 Neil Scales
16. 11. 2007
0 views

08 Neil Scales

Refleja Lo Que Piensas 1954
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Refleja Lo Que Piensas 1954

Recomenzar 1911
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Recomenzar 1911

ATAMS Pre Bid Presentation 2
28. 02. 2008
0 views

ATAMS Pre Bid Presentation 2

Newspapers drive sales for web2
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Newspapers drive sales for web2

Koonce et al Poster
09. 08. 2007
0 views

Koonce et al Poster

kottmann pl
18. 03. 2008
0 views

kottmann pl

The Lizards
19. 06. 2007
0 views

The Lizards

vet2
21. 10. 2007
0 views

vet2

Burger Ch07 Magnetics
05. 01. 2008
0 views

Burger Ch07 Magnetics

Robo en cajeros II 2080
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Robo en cajeros II 2080

Robo en cajeros 1908
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Robo en cajeros 1908

Quien Snoopy 1952
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Quien Snoopy 1952

hietala materiaali
27. 08. 2007
0 views

hietala materiaali

Lilas
09. 08. 2007
0 views

Lilas

454
16. 03. 2008
0 views

454

thor
05. 09. 2007
0 views

thor

Para enviar 1934
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Para enviar 1934

aug12 rita VeenaJha
17. 10. 2007
0 views

aug12 rita VeenaJha

Posiciones incorrectas 2012
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Posiciones incorrectas 2012

Heminger IBTTA VII
14. 11. 2007
0 views

Heminger IBTTA VII

PowerPointslaveshipi nternet
27. 08. 2007
0 views

PowerPointslaveshipi nternet

educators presentation
16. 02. 2008
0 views

educators presentation

Diversity in the Family
24. 02. 2008
0 views

Diversity in the Family