Published on October 7, 2009
NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE COMMISSION: NEED OF THE DAY : NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE COMMISSION: NEED OF THE DAY KAMAL SINGH RATHORE, READER, BHUPAL NOBELS’ COLLEGE OF PHARMACY, UDAIPUR-RAJ. [email protected] +919828325713(M) APTICON-09 JODHPUR October4, 2009 Introduction : Introduction Universities in India: Governmental, aided private, unaided private Various councils: AICTE, UGC, MCI, PCI, BCI, DCI, NCI, NCTE, DEC Various commission for improving the standards of education in India: The Radhakrishnan Commission[GoI 1949], Kothari Commission (1966), Yashpal Committee (2008) The government of India, through a notification issued by the MHRD in February 2008, constituted a committee to a) review the functioning of the UGC and the AICTE and, b) critically assess their role and preparedness in providing institutional leadership to the emerging demands of access, equity, relevance and quality of higher education/technical education and the university system. Why need of knowledge commission : Corruption No homogeneity in rules Unhealthy growth in number of Universities in recent years “mushrooming” of universities like colleges, many places they are looking like residential rooms, no faculty, degrees are sold, no research Rote system of learning, knowledge is not given much importance Rigidity in course and credit system Massive increase in tutorial colleges Regimentation of curriculum Irrelevant political intervention power politics Non-academic interventions Specialized form of universities are increasing like engineering university, medical, law etc. Why need of knowledge commission Slide 4: India has 417 universities at present Category wise Universities Central universities under UGC 25 State-funded universities 235 Deemed universities (eligible for UGC funding) 51 Private deemed universities 57 Private universities under state legislature 10 Other private universities 25 Institutions of national importance 14 Total 417 Slide 5: India is planning 1500 university till 2015 (China opened 1250 new Universities in merely three yrs) Quality wise we are lagging very behind in comparison to west, it is shameful truth that not even a single university of India is among the best 50 University of the World. Nepotism, political cross contamination, no autonomy, no proper funds for research Many colleges are bridged with one university (some universities having more than 600 colleges, so no proper management) Other reasons : Other reasons No Nobel laureate faculty Low or negligible foreign students enrolment Only two accreditation agencies in India: National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and National Board of Accreditation (NBA) Chalta hai attitude of officials and people Not ready to change easily Need and advantages of National Knowledge Commission : Need and advantages of National Knowledge Commission Super Regulatory body IRAHE: Independent Regulatory Agency for Higher Agency Require normative, rational and predictable system Structure of governance will improve Excluding politicians from day to day affairs, VC should be chosen from most eligible and genuine candidate, no political influence in such case Slide 8: To provide cutting edge for improving education standards by knowledge commission change is evitable, if somebody thinks that change is not required it means this is his/her pessimistic view If any system is corrupt or have many loopholes then it must be change, as if any part of our body have cancerous cells then it has to be removed in this manner we should abolish the councils which are corrupt, not performing duties honestly Slide 9: Needs systemic overhaul Remove parochialism To revamp we must follow change Need smaller universities for easy to manage Refresher courses for faculty should be must every 2-3 years, not only for promotion but also for knowledge up gradation Accreditation should be every 3 years Importance should be given to research with teaching GDP should be increase from 6 to at least 10%-15% Holistic approach of learning should adopted Conclusions : Conclusions The report of the NKC has prescribed approaches to revamp the higher education system. It has dealt with issues relating to expansion, curricular concerns, governance and financing. References : References Agarwal, Pawan (2006): Higher Education in India: Need for a Strategic Paradigm Shift and Framework for Action, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, (ICRIER), New Delhi. Anandakrishnan, M (2004a): ‘Equity, Quantity and Quality in Higher Education’ in Issues in Higher Education, ICFAI University Press, Hyderabad.– (2004b): ‘Private Investments in Technical Education: Problems and Prospects’ in Private Institutions in Higher Education, Sneh Prakashan, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana. AIU (2000): Appointments, Terms of Reference, and Status of Vice-Chancellors of Indian Universities, Association of Indian Universities, New Delhi. GoI (1949): Report of the University Education Commission (1948-49), Ministry of Education, Government of India, New Delhi. – (1966): Report of the Education Commission (1964-66), Ministry of Education, Government of India, New Delhi. UGC (1993): Towards Selection and Security of the Tenure of Vice-Chancellors in Indian Universities, Report of the UGC Committee, University Grants Commission, New Delhi.