Published on January 3, 2008
C.E.R.T.: C.E.R.T. Community Emergency Response Training What we are here to discuss…: What we are here to discuss… The types of hazards to which our community is vulnerable. How to take preparedness steps. The functions of CERTs. The basics in preparedness:: The basics in preparedness: Identify home and workplace hazards. Reduce these hazards where possible. Develop a disaster supply kit and a family disaster plan. If desired, organize with your neighbors, coworkers and community members. CERTs can respond to a disaster by…: CERTs can respond to a disaster by… Locating and turning off utilities. Extinguishing small fires. Treating injuries. Conducting light search and rescue. Helping relieve survivor stress. Additional Training Opportunities:: Additional Training Opportunities: Radio communication Traffic Control Shelter management Special needs concerns Debris removal Utilities control CPR/Adv. 1st Aid/AED/Backcountry Care Trainings with the ALRVFD Course Preview: Course Preview Fire Safety and Suppression Light Search and Rescue Disaster Medical Care CERT Organization Disaster Psychology Hazardous Materials/Terrorism/Crime Scene Safety There are 3 types of disasters:: There are 3 types of disasters: Natural Manmade Technological They all have key elements: They are relatively unexpected. Emergency personnel may be overwhelmed. Lives, health and environment endangered. One of our well known threats:: One of our well known threats: EARTHQUAKES! Typical damage you may see: : Typical damage you may see: Fires everywhere! Collapsed buildings and bridges Damage to utilities, structures and roads Explosions Structural instability Social chaos/panic Where is the greatest likelihood of a major earthquake?: Where is the greatest likelihood of a major earthquake? California! Richter Scale 101: Richter Scale 101 5.0-5.9 = small 6.0-6.9 = moderate 7.0-7.9 = major 8.0 or greater = super duper major Become Earthquake Prepared!: Become Earthquake Prepared! Develop a home earthquake plan. Conduct earthquake drills – including in the middle of the night. Develop a plan to reunite family members. Identify an out-of-state family contact. Create a disaster kit that will sustain every family member for at least one week. Making your home safer:: Making your home safer: Store heavy and breakable objects on low shelves. Secure bookshelves, water heaters, propane tanks. Install flexible plumbing. Move beds away from windows. Move/secure hanging objects over beds, sofas, or chairs. Keep a grab and go bag under your bed. Does anyone know the #1 injury sustained in an earthquake?: Does anyone know the #1 injury sustained in an earthquake? Cut feet from broken glass. Slide15: If a big earthquake were to strike right now and we were forced to stay here overnight – how many of us have enough supplies in our cars to sustain us for at least 24 hours? What should I do during an Earthquake?: What should I do during an Earthquake? Drop, cover and hold. If indoors, stay there! If outdoors, find a spot away from buildings, trees, power lines, overpasses and bridges. If in a vehicle, drive to a clear spot and stop. If on the coast, drive to higher ground in case of a tsunami. After an Earthquake:: After an Earthquake: Check yourself and family members for injuries. Put on protective clothing. Extinguish small fires. Clean up spills. Inspect home for damage and evacuate if heavy damage. Check on neighbors. If CERT – go to pre-designated meeting site. Tune in to the radio. Expect aftershocks-up to weeks later. Fact:: Fact: Most people who are injured during an earthquake moved more than five feet. A danger we all face: Fire: A danger we all face: Fire The 6th leading unintentional cause of injury and death in the USA. The highest cause of death for children under 15 at home. The dangers of fire are asphyxiation, heat and smoke. Family Fire Plan: Family Fire Plan Install smoke alarms on every level of your home and near sleeping areas. Identify two escape routes from each room and use them in drills. Practice your escape plan often, at all times of the day and night. Use low crawl escapes. Select a safe area to meet. Practice alerting family members. Identify your home well, so the fire department can find you – quickly. If a fire starts and is larger than a wastebasket…: If a fire starts and is larger than a wastebasket… Get out quickly – if escaping through smoke, crawl low. If escaping through a closed door, feel the door with the back of your hand, as well as the space between door and frame and the doorknob. Never open a door that feels hot. Go to your safe meeting place. Call the Fire Department. If you cannot escape…: If you cannot escape… Stuff wet cloth around doors and vents. Call the fire department. Stay low and by a window. Open windows at top and bottom. Wave a bright cloth out the window to alert firefighters. Ways to Prevent Fire: Ways to Prevent Fire Do a home hazard hunt and eliminate. Inspect and maintain woodstoves, and chimneys every year. Purchase only lab tested heaters. Keep matches and lighters away from children. Check electrical wiring. Keep combustibles away from the stove. Wildfire : Wildfire There are 3 types: Surface fire – most common type that burns along the forest floor. Ground fire – usually started by lightening and burns below floor in humus layer. Crown fire – spreads rapidly by wind and jumps along tree tops. Wildfire Preparedness: Wildfire Preparedness Essentially the same as for home fires with some additional planning #1 addition – Evacuation Routes Keep garden hoses around house. Keep fire tools handy – rakes, shovels, chainsaws, handsaws, buckets, etc. Follow proper building and landscape design – CDF says 100’ clearance. During a Wildfire…: During a Wildfire… Listen for emergency info – if advised to leave, do so IMMEDIATELY. Arrange for pets to stay with a friend or keep leash/carrier on hand to transport them. Move flammables in home to center. Remove drapes/curtains. Close all doors and windows. If trapped, find body of water or a clearing and keep low. After a Wildfire…: After a Wildfire… Use caution when re-entering an evacuated area – hazards may still exist and hotspots can re-flare. Inspect the roof immediately. Have propane/heating oil tanks inspected. Check stability of trees around your home. If there is no power, check the main breaker. Flooding: Flooding Any time there is a body of water that rises to cover what is usually dry land. The most frequent and costly natural disaster – 90% of disaster damage is a result of flooding. Flood Hazards: Flood Hazards Heavy rainfall exacerbates problems with runoff, absorption and flood control measures. Riverine flooding can potentially inundate downstream areas when protection fails. In rocky areas, lack of absorption can cause flash flooding. When there is flooding:: When there is flooding: Move quickly to higher ground! Shallow depth, fast moving flood water of 24” can carry away a vehicle and 6” can knock someone off their feet. NEVER try to walk, swim or drive through flood waters. Does anyone know what a flood watch tells you?: Does anyone know what a flood watch tells you? A flood watch alerts the public that flooding is possible within the watch area. A flood warning?: A flood warning? That a flood is expected to occur after 6 more hours of heavy precipitation. A flash warning?: A flash warning? A flood is expected within 6 hours of heavy precipitation. Flood Preparedness: Flood Preparedness Know the flood risk for the area you are in. Prepare a flood evacuation plan with multiple exit routes. Obtain flood insurance if you are at risk. Keep documents in a waterproof container. Stay tuned to emergency info on the radio. Protecting your property…: Protecting your property… Elevate furnace, water heaters and electric panels. Move furniture and other items to higher levels. Install check valves. Waterproof basements and walls. If you must evacuate…: If you must evacuate… Do not walk, swim or drive through flood waters. Stay off bridges over fast-moving water. Heed barricades. Keep away from waterways. Avoid storm drains and irrigation ditches. After a Flood…: After a Flood… Stay out of flooded areas. Reserve the telephone for emergencies. Avoid driving, except in emergencies. Heavy and persistent rains can cause a 2nd hazard: Landslides: Heavy and persistent rains can cause a 2nd hazard: Landslides Landslides are rapid shifts in land mass which tend to worsen the effects of flooding. Areas which are prone are previous landslide sites, bases of steep slopes and drainage channels, and developed hillsides where leach field septic systems are used. Risks of Severe Thunderstorms: Risks of Severe Thunderstorms Lightning. You are in danger if you can hear thunder. 50% of deaths occur after the thunderstorm has passed. Rule of thumb is to stay indoors 30 min. after the last clap of thunder. Hail Downbursts and straight-line winds Flash floods Tornados During a thunderstorm…: During a thunderstorm… Avoid: Water sources and wet sand. The telephone. The outdoors. If you are outdoors…: If you are outdoors… Get away from water sources. Seek shelter in a substantial building. If necessary take shelter in a car or go to a low lying area and make a small target. Avoid natural lightning rods. Coastal Storm Risks: Coastal Storm Risks Intense winds and rains can: Damage or destroy structures. Lift and move unstable structures and objects. Damage utility lines – all lines considered live unless PG&E confirms face to face. Be accompanied by tornados. Cause coastal erosion. Cause floods. Preparing for a Coastal Storm: Preparing for a Coastal Storm Know your risks and evacuation routes. Develop a plan. Secure needed supplies to shelter in place for at least a week. Flood-proof your property. Secure mobile homes and outdoor items. After a Coastal Storm: After a Coastal Storm Do not re-enter the area until it is safe. Use a flashlight to inspect for damage. Stay away from downed power lines. Turn off utilities, if necessary. Reserve telephones for emergencies. Listen to radio for updates. Tsunami: Tsunami Tsunamis can cause flooding, contamination of drinking water, fires from ruptured tanks/gas lines and a loss of vital community infrastructure. Tsunami Preparedness: Tsunami Preparedness Know the risk area – sea level to 30’. Plan and practice evacuation routes – go at least 2 miles inland. Discuss tsunami risks with your family and visitors. Stay tuned to radios post earthquake. Don’t grab your surfboard! If a Tsunami warning is issued…: If a Tsunami warning is issued… If in risk area, evacuate immediately. Follow local EMS instructions. Get to higher ground. Stay tuned to radio or television. Return home only after local officials tell you that it is safe. The wave series may continue for hours. Slide51: If you can see the wave, you are too close to escape from it. Volcanos: Volcanos In our county disaster preparedness plan we are at risk for over a dozen hazards. Volcanos are one hazard we face. The Cascade Range has an eruption on the average of 1 to 2 each century. Volcanic Hazards: Volcanic Hazards Toxic Gases Lava and pyroclastic (hot ash and rock) which the Cascade and Sierra Ranges are known for Landslides Earthquakes Explosive eruptions Accompanying Hazards: Accompanying Hazards Mudflows Flash floods Wildland fires Tsunamis Earthquakes Volcanic Ash – A fine glassy rock fragment that can:: Volcanic Ash – A fine glassy rock fragment that can: Cause severe respiratory problems. Diminish visibility. Contaminate water supply. Cause electrical storms. Disrupt the operation of machinery. Collapse roofs. Volcanic Eruption Preparedness: Volcanic Eruption Preparedness Understand the risk. Prepare your disaster kit and include dust masks and goggles for everyone in the home. Go over your evacuation plan. During a Volcanic Eruption: During a Volcanic Eruption Follow evacuation orders. Avoid areas downstream and river valleys downstream. If outside, protect yourself from ashfall. Be prepared for accompanying hazards. After a Volcanic Eruption: After a Volcanic Eruption Stay away from volcanic ashfall areas. Clear roofs of ashfall. Avoid driving in heavy ashfall. If you have a respiratory ailment, avoid contact with any amount of ash. Hazardous Materials: Hazardous Materials They are around us everyday. A “haz mat” is a substance that because of its chemical nature, pose a potential risk to life, health, or properly if they are released or used improperly. Sources of Hazardous Materials: Sources of Hazardous Materials Chemical plants Service stations Hospitals Hazardous materials waste sites Transport vehicles – UPS, Safeway, etc. Meth labs Haz Mat Preparedness: Haz Mat Preparedness Address the chemical hazards in your own home and mitigate what you can. Be prepared to evacuate or shelter in place if there is a local incident. Practice your plan of action in dealing with haz mats. Put PPE in your disaster kit. How to Shelter in Place: How to Shelter in Place Select an interior room – above ground, large enough to hold all household members, and have the fewest windows/doors. Bring your disaster kit. Get pets inside too. Turn off air conditioner/vent systems. During a Haz Mat Incident: During a Haz Mat Incident Leave the area! Go upwind, uphill, upstream from the site. Report the incident. If you hearing a warning on the radio, listen for further instructions. Remember that some chemicals are odorless. Post Incident Actions: Post Incident Actions Do not return home until told to do so. Open windows and turn on fans. Follow decontamination procedures – rinse with cool water first. Learn what to do to clean up land. Report any lingering hazards. Household Chemicals: Household Chemicals Know what you have under your sink. Learn how to properly store them. Find out what to do if you are injured through contact with them. The Symptoms of Poisoning: The Symptoms of Poisoning Difficulty breathing. Irritation of eyes, skin, throat or respiratory tract. Changes in skin color. Headaches, blurred vision, dizziness. Clumsiness/lack of coordination. Cramps or diarrhea. Poison Control Phone #: Poison Control Phone # 1-800-222-1222 Protect Yourself from Chemicals: Protect Yourself from Chemicals Limit the amount of stored materials. Isolate products in approved containers and protect from ignition. Eliminate products no longer needed and properly dispose of them. Separate incompatible materials and put in secure storage. Never smoke while using chemicals. All these hazards could have an impact on our local infrastructure.: All these hazards could have an impact on our local infrastructure. Damage to Transportation: Damage to Transportation Bridges down causing further isolation Inability to assess local situation Ambulances, fire departments, and police unable to reach us Supplies unable to be delivered Damage to Structures: Damage to Structures Hospitals unable to function normally Increased risk of damage from falling debris Disrupted Communication: Disrupted Communication Victims unable to call for help. Coordination of services hampered. FYI: It was 28 days post Katrina before anyone could pick up a telephone and dial 911. Damage to Utilities: Damage to Utilities Loss of utilities Increased risk of fire or electrical shock Loss of contact between victims and service providers Inadequate water supply for consumption and firefighting Increased risk to public health Damage to Fuel Supplies: Damage to Fuel Supplies Increased risk of fire or explosion from fuel line rupture Risk of asphyxiation Hazards from Home Fixtures: Hazards from Home Fixtures Gas line ruptures from displaced water heaters or ranges Damage from falling books, dishes and other cabinet contents Electric shock from displaced appliances Fire from faulty wiring, overloaded plugs or frayed electric cords Informational Handouts: Informational Handouts In the back of the room, there are numerous handouts that give detailed direction on how to assemble a disaster kit, how to strap down propane tanks and water heaters, how to create a home escape plan, evacuation procedures and more. Please take what interests you. Slide77: Protecting yourself during a disaster requires planning before a disaster. Slide78: It is better to have a plan without a disaster, than to have a disaster without a plan.