Published on March 14, 2008
New & Innovative Concepts for Helping European Transport Sustainability: New & Innovative Concepts for Helping European Transport Sustainability NICHES policy seminar Committee of the Regions Brussels,12 December 2006 NICHES Objectives: NICHES Objectives The mission of NICHES is: to stimulate a wide debate on innovative urban transport and mobility between relevant stakeholders from different sectors and disciplines across Europe. NICHES promotes the most promising new concepts, initiatives and projects, moving them from their current ‘niche’ position to a ‘mainstream’ urban transport policy application. Overview of NICHES Concepts 12 innovative solutions: Overview of NICHES Concepts 12 innovative solutions NICHES policy seminar Committee of the Regions Brussels,12 December 2006 Thematic areas: Thematic areas WG1 New seamless mobility services WG2 Innovative approaches in City Logistics WG3 New non-polluting & energy-efficient vehicles WG4 Innovative demand management strategies WG1 – New seamless mobility services: WG1 – New seamless mobility services Rupprecht Consult New seamless mobility services: New seamless mobility services New and efficient mobility services, perceived by the traveller as being seamless: Organisational and physical integration of transport modes; Offering (nearly) door-to-door mobility without any or only hardly perceivable interchanges. Concepts: Urban lift sharing services - Liftshare UK Public bicycles - vélo’v (Lyon) Call a bus services - Multibus (District of Heinsberg, Germany) 1 Urban Lift-sharing Services: 1 Urban Lift-sharing Services Matching services that bring together people travelling in the same direction; Aiming to encourage individuals to share private vehicles for particular journeys; Using advanced technologies to better reach the necessary critical mass of users; Target groups: Commuters and others Example: Liftshare.com (UK) Slide8: Key benefits Considerable cost savings on gas and parking, Increased mobility choices and accessibility in areas that are not well served by public transport, Potential to reduce the number of parking lots at companies with lift-sharing schemes; Potential to reduce congestion, energy consumption, air pollution and CO2 emissions. 1 Urban Lift-sharing Services 2 Public bicycles: 2 Public bicycles Innovative schemes of rental or free bicycles in urban areas; Fast and easy access; “Smart bikes” (rental process via smart card or mobile phone); One way use possible; Part of the public transport system; Example: vélo’v, Lyon 2 Public Bicycles Slide10: Key benefits • Fast, convenient and flexible inner urban transport option; • “Door opener” to increase the acceptance of cycling as urban transport mode in cities which still lack a good level of bicycle use; • Increases mobility choices and encourages intermodal travelling; Wise use of inner urban space (6 public bicycles on 1 car parking). 2 Public Bicycles 3 Call a bus services : 3 Call a bus services • Demand responsive transport (DRT) schemes in public transport that adapt their itinerary and timetable to suit a particular transport demand; • Reserved by the users in advance via phone and pick up at home (or close to it); • Particularly suitable for medium to low density areas and times of weak demand. • Wide range of service designs. Example: MultiBus, Germany 3 Call-a-bus services Slide12: Key benefits • Improves accessibility to the public transport system in areas or times where conventional services cannot do this in a satisfactory way; • Tackles social exclusion of people that do not have access to a car; • Potential for cost reductions when replacing conventional services in areas or times of low demand. 3 Call-a-bus services WG2 – Innovative approaches in City Logistics: WG2 – Innovative approaches in City Logistics PTV AG Innovative approaches in City Logistics: Innovative approaches in City Logistics City Logistics guarantees the goods supply of the citizens and enterprises (comparable to water and energy supply !); City Logistics is organized and carried out by private companies while rules and conditions are determined by the cities; Congestion, noise and pollution worsen living conditions for citizens and working conditions for enterprises (efficiency, reliability); Innovative approaches in City Logistics: Innovative approaches in City Logistics Concepts: Space management for urban delivery - Barcelona multi-use lane (Spain) Night delivery - Barcelona night delivery scheme (Spain) E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes - DHL PackStation (Germany) 4 Space management for urban delivery : 4 Space management for urban delivery 4 Space management for urban delivery : 4 Space management for urban delivery Providing dedicated road space for loading and unloading processes; The possibility to provide value added services on the delivery processes; The possibility to assign the same space to other user groups over the day time (to be used by residents for parking, clear way or dedicated to loading and unloading); To support a correct usage, e.g. by the installation of fixed signs or variable message signs (VMS). 4 Space management for urban delivery : 4 Space management for urban delivery Key benefits The implementation of space management concepts: Reduces travel times Reduces congestion and delays because of a better management of the available road space Reduces energy consumption (more fluent traffic, reduced search for parking space for deliveries) Causes a fairer sharing of valuable space/resources 5 Night delivery : 5 Night delivery Delivery during night time with special equipped vehicles (low noise equipment, CNG, etc.); Allowance for larger trucks to enter the city centre (prohibited during day time); Suitable approach for particular groups; Large potential. 5 Night delivery : 5 Night delivery Key benefits The implementation of inner city night delivery: Reduces delays for the logistics service providers by using the free road capacities at night Reduces emissions and energy consumption (less congestion during night time, direct access to the shops Increases logistics efficiencies in terms of the deployment of HGVs and manpower Enhances road safety 6 E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes : 6 E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes 6 E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes : 6 E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes Unattended locker boxes installed at particular places for the delivery and pick up of parcels; The possibility to combine the approach with enhanced transport planning functions (dynamic trip planning or re-routing of driver during the distribution process); Enhanced communication linked with consignees on the delivery status; Home delivery with time windows and alternative delivery locations. 6 E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes : 6 E-commerce and home delivery, locker boxes Key benefits The implementation of alternative solutions for home delivery: Improves the quality of life: more independence for users as delivery time and location can be adjusted to personal routine Improves efficiency of transport: less congestion in the inner-city Improves efficiency of delivery tours: less stops, avoidance of unsuccessful delivery attempts, reduction of last mile costs, lower energy consumption Provides more alternatives for private persons (open 24hours 7 days, choice of location) WG3 – New non-polluting & energy-efficient vehicles: WG3 – New non-polluting & energy-efficient vehicles City of Stockholm Add your logo Slide25: 1. Slide27: 2. Slide28: North pole 1973 Slide29: North pole 2003 Slide30: North pole 2006 Slide32: 3. Oil and gas production : Oil and gas production Source:Colin Campbell 2004 Slide34: 4. Slide35: Oil dependency in OECD 70 % Heating, electricity etc Transport New non-polluting &energy-efficient vehicles: New non-polluting & energy-efficient vehicles Increase use of clean and energy efficient vehicles on alternative fuels Introduce infrastructure for alternative fuels and work towards a supply of clean vehicles – for everyone to choose Start with larger fleet owners Policy Strategy to deploy private sector AFVs (Clean vehicles in Stockholm (S)) Biogas in captive fleets. (Biogas buses in Lille (F)) Joint procurement of AFVs (Joint procurement of Ford Focus FFV (S)) 7 Policy strategy to deploy private sector AFVs: 7 Policy strategy to deploy private sector AFVs Introduction of a number of measures and incentives to make clean vehicles attractive for the market Focus on: Creating a fuel infrastructure Create demand for clean vehicles Finding suitable incentives for clean vehicles Example: Clean Vehicles in Stockholm (S) 8 Biogas in captive fleets: 8 Biogas in captive fleets - Introducing biogas in captive fleets, a clean fuel possible to produce in almost all cities. Focus: Start local production of biogas Use waste as a fuel Find users, preferably a captive fleet Example: Biogas buses in Lille (F) Add your logo 9 Joint procurement of AFVs: 9 Joint procurement of AFVs National or international joint procurement creates a demand for new clean vehicles for the producers to respond to. Focus: Technology close to market introduction Fuel type depends on available fuels Vehicles that attracts many buyers Example: Joint procurement of FFV Ford Focus (S) WG4 – Innovative demand management strategies: WG4 – Innovative demand management strategies EUROCITIES Innovative demand management strategies: Innovative demand management strategies Innovative demand management strategies: Focus on changing people’s travel behaviour and pull measures Set of tools based on information, communication, organisation and coordinatio Concepts Transportation Management Associations (TMA) Example: Smart Commute NTV (Canada) Local taxes or charges, ring-fenced for transport Example: Congestion charging in London (UK) City-wide campaigns, using marketing and branding Example: Big Wheel Campaign (UK) 10 Transportation Management Associations (TMAs): 10 Transportation Management Associations (TMAs) Organised group applying carefully selected approaches that facilitates the movement of people and goods within an area, provides traffic demand management assistance and gives a voice in transport decision-making. Key benefits: Practical solutions at an appropriate scale Efficient stakeholder involvement Better economic cooperation 11 Local taxes or charges, ring fenced for transport: 11 Local taxes or charges, ring fenced for transport Taxes or charges at local level that aim at benefiting the urban transport system as a whole. All revenues collected through these taxes are directly reinvested into the local transport system in order to improve it. Key benefits Improvement of transport system Better modal balance Better quality of life Environmental benefits 12 City-wide campaigns using marketing and branding: 12 City-wide campaigns using marketing and branding Innovative scheme presenting awareness raising events and activities that are organised at city level in close cooperation with public and private bodies and that are run on a long-term basis. Key benefits: Increased understanding and acceptance of transport measures and decisions Increased public ownership and knowledge Efficient citizen participation NICHES 12 innovative concepts: NICHES 12 innovative concepts Thank you for your attention!: Thank you for your attention!