NS102 21 S07 Desert Storm

Information about NS102 21 S07 Desert Storm

Published on September 12, 2007

Author: Crystal

Source: authorstream.com

Content

NS 102: Sea Power and Maritime Affairs:  Lesson 21: Desert Storm, 1990-1991 NS 102: Sea Power and Maritime Affairs BackgroundWhy did Iraq invade?:  Background Why did Iraq invade? Kuwaiti Island dispute Continued border disputes Ar-Rumaylah oil field Large war debt from Iran-Iraq War Note: Iraq had 10% of World Oil Reserves Kuwait 10% Saudi Arabia 40% Iraqi Military Capabilities, 1990:  Iraqi Military Capabilities, 1990 Largest ground forces in the Persian Gulf 4th largest in world Armor andamp; Mechanized Infantry, Artillery Republican Guard, Regular Army, Popular Army Scud missiles; 750 km range Could reach Israel, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Iran Largest Air Force in Middle East Modern aircraft Navy: not much Invasion of Kuwait:  Invasion of Kuwait Iraqi forces mass at the Kuwait border in late July U.S. did not expect an invasion Hussein promises 'no attack' 2 Aug 1990, 0100: Kuwait invaded! 1900: Kuwait City was secured by Iraqi troops Kuwaiti Sheikh escapes Iraqis kill his younger brother Arab Royalty becomes concerned U.S. Response:  U.S. Response First Responders: 2 Aug: USN CVBGs reposition to Persian Gulf and Red Sea 14 Aug: 4th MEB Desert Shield Arab nations to USA prior to conflict: 'Stay away!' Saddam prompts new outlook USA/Saudi defense pact U.S. to provide forces to defend Saudi Arabia Will depart kingdom when mission complete Overall concern: Will Iraq continue south? Saudi Peninsula would give Iraq andgt;50% of world oil Iraqi plans to invade Saudi later found in Kuwait World Response:  World Response UN Resolutions passed Iraq must withdraw United Nations coalition force Trade Embargo U.S. Lead on creating coalition President Bush uses diplomacy Includes NATO and Arab allies + Syria Nearly 50 countries sign on Military and/or monetary support Coalition:  Coalition 38 countries send land, sea, air forces U.S., U.K., France, Canada send Navy Italy, Spain, Germany, Bahrain, Saudi, Turkey: provide bases Gulf Co-op Council: Saudi, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Oman, Kuwait provided access and logistics Noncombatant military units and humanitarian assistance Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria $54B donated 2/3 by Gulf states 1/3 by Japan and Germany Iraqi Occupation:  Iraqi Occupation Republican Guard replaced by Popular/Regular troops Medieval behavior Plunder andamp; pillage Atrocities Westerners interned Kuwaiti oil fields impounded Later many destroyed released millions of gallons of oil Slide9:  Operation Desert Shield(Defense of Saudi Arabia):  Operation Desert Shield (Defense of Saudi Arabia) U.S. National Policy Objectives: Withdrawal from Kuwait Restoration of Kuwait’s legitimate government Security and stability of Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf Safety and protection of the lives of American citizens abroad Repayment of war reparations Destruction of weapons (Nuc, bio, chem, long range to be destroyed under UN supervision) Operation DESERT STORM“The Mother of all Battles?”:  Operation DESERT STORM 'The Mother of all Battles?' Four-phased campaign Strategic Air campaign Air supremacy in theater Battlefield prep Offensive ground campaign Desert Storm Objectives:  Desert Storm Objectives Naval Role in the Gulf War:  Naval Role in the Gulf War Initial deterrent to invasion of Saudi Arabia CVBGs Maritime Intercept Operations (MIO) Enforce UN sanctions/embargo Sealift/Logistics 95% of all equipment comes by sea Maritime Pre-positioning Ships (MPS) Provide first ‘heavy’ forces Naval Role in the Gulf War:  Naval Role in the Gulf War Air strikes against Iraqi targets Helped achieve air supremacy Six CVBGs Fire support Wisconsin andamp; Missouri BBBGs Amphib assault/Ground Combat Amphibious Task Force 1st MEF (1st andamp; 2nd USMC Divs) 4th MEB floating reserve and 'decoy' Spec Ops: SEAL Teams Air Campaign :  Air Campaign 17 Jan 1991 Air superiority achieved w/in hours USAF USN Tomahawk missiles Launched from surface ships and subs Carrier air strikes Service contribution controversy USN carrier aircraft ~ 1/3 of U.S. missions Slide16:  Maritime Campaign:  Maritime Campaign Phase 1 and 2 Participate in air and establish sea control/supremacy Phase 3 Maintain air/sea supremacy Attack enemy ground forces w/aircraft and naval gunfire Phase 4 All of the above Amphibious feints, demos Ground assault (1st MEF) Naval Gunfire Support: NGFS:  Naval Gunfire Support: NGFS Battleships Wisconsin and Missouri 16-inch guns to support ground UAV Real time battle assessment ASUW:  ASUW 143 Iraqi naval vessels destroyed/damaged All Iraqi ports/bases damaged All northern Persian Gulf oil platforms secured No attacks by Iraqi surface on coalition Mine Warfare (MIW):  Mine Warfare (MIW) Iraqi Navy lays minefields No pre-emption Concern for premature kick off U.S. andamp; Coalition MIW assets USS Tripoli and USS Princeton damaged by mines Slide21:  Amphibious Warfare:  Amphibious Warfare Amphibious Task Force (ATF) Threat of amphibious assault Kuwaiti coast? Shatt al-Arab (Basra)? Raids Umm Al- Maradim off Kuwait Faylaka Island Ash Shuaybah port Facility Bubiyan Island Landing of 5th MEB in Saudi Arabia Iraqi forces distracted by eastern flank Ground Campaign:  Ground Campaign 24-28 Feb - 100 hour campaign 1st MEF Direct assault on main defensive lines 20-40% casualties expected Day 1: 20 miles penetration/8000 Iraqi POWs Day 3: Kuwait Airport recaptured 4 MEB: threat of amphib assault Slide24:  Slide25:  Iraq: Asymmetrical Resistance:  Iraq: Asymmetrical Resistance 'Scorched Earth' Hundreds of oil wells set on fire Tanker sunk and set on fire Trenches: flaming oil Iraqis hoped to deter Amphib assault Enormous environmental damage “Highway of Death”:  'Highway of Death' End Game:  End Game Knockout blow through western desert 'Highway of Death' CJCS Colin Powell concerns re carnage President Bush declares end to hostilities after 100 hrs RG escapes Cease fire negotiations No Fly Zone Iraqi helos: humanitarian missions Shiite uprisings Suppressed by RG and helos Saddam maintains control Able to remain in power Conclusions:  Conclusions Estimated Iraqi losses 100,000 soldier dead, wounded and captured, 3847 tanks, 1450 armored personnel carriers, 2917 artillery pieces and 32 aircraft 86,000 est. prisoners U.S. losses : 313 combatant and non combatant Importance of power projection from the sea Unity of command

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Crystal

Organic Farming
27. 12. 2007
0 views

Organic Farming

LA break out FINAL
17. 06. 2007
0 views

LA break out FINAL

011404New and Old Mexico
04. 10. 2007
0 views

011404New and Old Mexico

Course Guidelines
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Course Guidelines

MehdiMoniri Bachelorseminar
12. 10. 2007
0 views

MehdiMoniri Bachelorseminar

ice hockey
06. 09. 2007
0 views

ice hockey

Experiencing Helsinki 06
06. 09. 2007
0 views

Experiencing Helsinki 06

yant
06. 09. 2007
0 views

yant

Hybrid Automata
08. 11. 2007
0 views

Hybrid Automata

Mud Sharks Flyer
06. 09. 2007
0 views

Mud Sharks Flyer

Peasants Revolt powerpoint
07. 12. 2007
0 views

Peasants Revolt powerpoint

Grammar Evolution2
05. 11. 2007
0 views

Grammar Evolution2

IT S A HELL OF TORNADO for web
05. 10. 2007
0 views

IT S A HELL OF TORNADO for web

McKinsey Productivity
23. 11. 2007
0 views

McKinsey Productivity

Aging Spr06 Lect13
23. 11. 2007
0 views

Aging Spr06 Lect13

1900tot1950af
12. 11. 2007
0 views

1900tot1950af

presentation 1
04. 01. 2008
0 views

presentation 1

cspin 200011
05. 11. 2007
0 views

cspin 200011

Turkey 0105
22. 11. 2007
0 views

Turkey 0105

Iowapain
07. 11. 2007
0 views

Iowapain

ch01s3
19. 11. 2007
0 views

ch01s3

Ripe Arin Apnic
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Ripe Arin Apnic

chapter 5
14. 11. 2007
0 views

chapter 5

THAE0402
28. 09. 2007
0 views

THAE0402

Richard Harris
04. 12. 2007
0 views

Richard Harris

CERM Lecture 1A
04. 01. 2008
0 views

CERM Lecture 1A

bridgesFIU
26. 03. 2008
0 views

bridgesFIU

Aradhna aggarwal
27. 03. 2008
0 views

Aradhna aggarwal

EARTH SCIENCE SOL
07. 04. 2008
0 views

EARTH SCIENCE SOL

ASAHPERD PPP
27. 11. 2007
0 views

ASAHPERD PPP

Japan2007
30. 03. 2008
0 views

Japan2007

smith bob
09. 04. 2008
0 views

smith bob

Kiko Presentation II
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Kiko Presentation II

CMA GTS
27. 09. 2007
0 views

CMA GTS

NCH IR2005 AP
17. 04. 2008
0 views

NCH IR2005 AP

FM DVD Notes
22. 04. 2008
0 views

FM DVD Notes

Sleep Aging Well
01. 12. 2007
0 views

Sleep Aging Well

Weniger VATA Presentation 2007
06. 09. 2007
0 views

Weniger VATA Presentation 2007

lB 6augh away stress
17. 06. 2007
0 views

lB 6augh away stress

lazzaro nicole
17. 06. 2007
0 views

lazzaro nicole

laughter
17. 06. 2007
0 views

laughter

Last Mile
17. 06. 2007
0 views

Last Mile

language play
17. 06. 2007
0 views

language play

Rewrite
06. 09. 2007
0 views

Rewrite

2003 DNS Frisco
29. 10. 2007
0 views

2003 DNS Frisco

literary genres
17. 06. 2007
0 views

literary genres

Liking and Loving
17. 06. 2007
0 views

Liking and Loving

Lecture Summer school
17. 06. 2007
0 views

Lecture Summer school

lecture 18
17. 06. 2007
0 views

lecture 18

lecture 01
17. 06. 2007
0 views

lecture 01

lect14
17. 06. 2007
0 views

lect14

lect14 semantics
17. 06. 2007
0 views

lect14 semantics

Vincentvan Gogh
20. 11. 2007
0 views

Vincentvan Gogh

ClaytonNeighbors
28. 12. 2007
0 views

ClaytonNeighbors

Praesentation2003
31. 12. 2007
0 views

Praesentation2003

ct rus auto
16. 11. 2007
0 views

ct rus auto

Nenes GAPower03
02. 01. 2008
0 views

Nenes GAPower03

UD9 Quiz
20. 11. 2007
0 views

UD9 Quiz

Harrier Seminar Jan 2004
16. 11. 2007
0 views

Harrier Seminar Jan 2004

L14 comb
17. 06. 2007
0 views

L14 comb

Galo Molina
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Galo Molina

NATO STCU
01. 10. 2007
0 views

NATO STCU

cushmancvbb
05. 12. 2007
0 views

cushmancvbb

SP297
27. 11. 2007
0 views

SP297

Italu pristatymas
01. 11. 2007
0 views

Italu pristatymas

cfunited 06 ThomasBurleson
01. 12. 2007
0 views

cfunited 06 ThomasBurleson

group1presentation to post
01. 01. 2008
0 views

group1presentation to post

nenny soemiwinata
29. 09. 2007
0 views

nenny soemiwinata

CCAT06 Holland
15. 11. 2007
0 views

CCAT06 Holland

paper pansa
24. 11. 2007
0 views

paper pansa