Occult 101 - Baphomet

Information about Occult 101 - Baphomet

Published on August 4, 2014

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PowerPoint Presentation: Occult 101 Baphomet Possible Origins:: Possible Origins: The modern depiction of Baphomet appears to take its roots from several ancient sources, but primarily from pagan gods. Baphomet bears resemblances to gods all over the globe, including Egypt, Northern Europe and India. In fact, the mythologies of a great number of ancient civilizations include some kind of horned deity. In Jungian theory, Baphomet is a continuation of the horned-god archetype, as the concept of a deity bearing horns is universally present in individual psyches. Do Cernunnos,Herne,Pan, the Devil, (as depicted by Christianity) Banebdjedet,Khnum and Baphomet have a common origin? Some of their attributes are strikingly similar. PowerPoint Presentation: Cernunnos: The ancient Celtic god Cernunnos is traditionally depicted with antler horns on his head, sitting in “lotus position”, similar to Levi’s depiction of Baphomet. Although the history of Cernunnos is shrouded in mystery, he is usually said to be the god of fertility and nature. PowerPoint Presentation: Herne: In Britain, an aspect Cerennunos was named Herne. The horned god has the Satyr-like features of Baphomet along with its emphasis on the phallus. PowerPoint Presentation: Devil: Pope Sylvester II and the Devil (1460). In Christianity, the devil has similar features to the pagan gods as they are the main inspiration for these depictions. The attributes embodied by these gods became the representation of what is considered evil by the Church PowerPoint Presentation: Devil: The Devil Card from the Tarot of Marseilles (15th century). This card’s depiction of the devil, with its wings, horns, breasts and hand sign is undoubtedly a major influence in Levi’s depiction of Baphomet. The Devil in the Rider-Waite Tarot deck.: The Devil in the Rider-Waite Tarot deck. PowerPoint Presentation: Devil: Robin Good-Fellow (or Puck) is a mythological fairy said to be a personification of land spirits. Bearing several attributes of Baphomet and other deities, he is here shown on the cover of a 1629 book surrounded by witches. Goya’s 1821 painting “Great He-Goat” and “Witches Sabbath”. The paintings depict a coven of witches gathered around Satan, portrayed as a half-man, half-goat figure.: Goya’s 1821 painting “Great He-Goat” and “Witches Sabbath”. The paintings depict a coven of witches gathered around Satan, portrayed as a half-man, half-goat figure. Witches Sabbath (1798) Great He-Goat (1821) A Baphomet-like figure on the Notre-Dame-de-Paris Cathedral, which was originally built by the Knights Templar.: A Baphomet-like figure on the Notre-Dame-de-Paris Cathedral, which was originally built by the Knights Templar. Banebdjedet: Banebdjedet The god of fertility, the "Ba of the Lord of Mendes" was depicted with the head of a type of ram that was once common in ancient Egypt but is now extinct. The ram-headed god Khnum was the equivalent god in Upper Egypt.: The ram-headed god Khnum was the equivalent god in Upper Egypt. The ram was associated with the generative forces that drive all living things, and sacred rams were considered to be related to the royal family. The hieroglyphic for ram, together with a whip, conferred royal status.: The ram was associated with the generative forces that drive all living things, and sacred rams were considered to be related to the royal family. The hieroglyphic for ram, together with a whip, conferred royal status. PowerPoint Presentation: Khnum : Khnum ( also spelled Khnemu ) was one of the earliest Egyptian deities , originally the god of the source of the Nile River . Since the annual flooding of the Nile brought with it silt and clay , and its water brought life to its surroundings , he was thought to be the creator of the bodies of human children , which he made at a Potter’s wheel , from clay , and placed in their mothers ' wombs . He later was described as having moulded the other deities , and he had the titles Divine Potter and Lord of created things from himself . Khnum is the third aspect of Ra . He is the god of rebirth , creation and the evening sun . PowerPoint Presentation: His cult center was based in Mendes in the Nile Delta region of Lower Egypt. Together with his consort, the fish goddess Hatmehit, and their son Harpocrates, aka Horus the child,  they formed the Triad of Mendes, also referred to as the "Mendesian Triad". PowerPoint Presentation: The cult center at Mendes is claimed to have included sexual intercourse between humans and goats as part of fertility rites. One of his titles or epithets was the "Lord of Sexual Pleasure". PowerPoint Presentation: The goat of Mendes: The Greek historian Herodotus, due to a translation error, referred to Banebdjedet as ‘The goat of Mendes’. He described the god being was depicted with a goat's face and legs. Herodotus then goes on to relate how all male goats were held in great reverence by the people of Mendes, and how in his time a woman publicly copulated with a goat. Herodotus also stated that they called both the god Pan and the goat Mendes. The Greeks therefore changed the name from Banebdjedet to Mendes and referred to the ram as a goat. Pan and Mendes (the Greek name for Banebdjedet) were both were worshipped as gods of fertility and fecundity, meaning fruitfulness. Pan is represented in Egypt by the painters, just as he is in Greece, with the face and legs of a goat.: Pan and Mendes (the Greek name for Banebdjedet) were both were worshipped as gods of fertility and fecundity, meaning fruitfulness. Pan is represented in Egypt by the painters, just as he is in Greece, with the face and legs of a goat. According to E. A. Wallis Budge "At several places in the Delta, e.g. Hermopolis, Lycopolis, and Mendes, the god Pan and a goat were worshipped": According to E. A. Wallis Budge "At several places in the Delta, e.g. Hermopolis, Lycopolis, and Mendes, the god Pan and a goat were worshipped" PowerPoint Presentation: It was the sexual connotations associated with his Mendes cult center that led to the god being interpreted as an incarnation of the devil by the first Christians. He became the face of evil, decadence and immorality and therefore given the title of the 'King of the Witches' worshipped at meetings of witches. PowerPoint Presentation: Pan: PAN is the Greek god of nature, shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music. He wandered the hills and mountains of Arkadia playing his pan-pipes and amused himself with the chase or in leading the dances of the nymphs. His unseen presence aroused feelings of panic in men passing through the woods by night. Hence sudden fright without any visible cause was ascribed to Pan, and called a Panic terror. Pan was depicted as a man with the horns, legs and tail of a goat, and with thick beard, snub nose and pointed ears wearing a lynx-pelt. He was often appears in the retinue of Dionysos alongside the other rustic gods. Greeks in the classical age associated his name with the word pan meaning 'all'. Pan came to be considered a symbol of the universe and personification of Nature; and later still to be regarded as a representation of all the gods of paganism itself. PowerPoint Presentation: 'The great Pan was celebrated as the author and director of the sacred dances which he is supposed to have instituted to symbolize the circumambulations of the heavenly bodies. Pan is the prototype of natural energy and, while undoubtedly a phallic deity, should not be confused with Priapus. The pipes of Pan signify the natural harmony of the spheres, and the god himself is a symbol of Saturn because this planet is enthroned in Capricorn, whose emblem is a goat. The Egyptians were initiated into the Mysteries of Pan, who was regarded as a phase of Jupiter, the Demiurgus. Pan represented the impregnating power of the sun and was the chief of a horde rustic deities, and satyrs. He also signified the controlling spirit of the lower worlds.' - From Kircher's 'Oedipus Aegyptiacus' PowerPoint Presentation: Baphomet: The Goat of Mendes led to associations with Baphomet who is linked to the beliefs of the Knights Templar and to the occult. It appeared as a term for a pagan idol in trial transcripts of the Inquisition of the Knights Templar in the early 14th century. The animal most often associated with Baphomet is the goat. PowerPoint Presentation: The name of Baphomet and the ' Goat of Mendes ' became further associated with the occult in 1854 when Eliphas Levi published Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie (" Dogmas and Rituals of High Magic "), in which he included an image that he had drawn himself , which contains binary elements representing the "sum total of the universe " ( e.g . male and female , good and evil , etc.)he described it as " Baphomet the Sabbatic Goat " The name first came into popular English usage in the 19th century, with debate and speculation on the reasons for the suppression of the Templars.: The name first came into popular English usage in the 19th century, with debate and speculation on the reasons for the suppression of the Templars. However, Baphomet has been connected with Satanism as well, primarily due to the adoption of it as a symbol by the Church of Satan. : However, Baphomet has been connected with Satanism as well, primarily due to the adoption of it as a symbol by the Church of Satan. PowerPoint Presentation: Lévi's Baphomet is the source of the later Tarot image of the Devil in the Rider-Waite design. The concept of a downward-pointing pentagram on its forehead was enlarged upon by Lévi in his discussion (without illustration) of the Goat of Mendes arranged within such a pentagram, which he contrasted with the microcosmic man arranged within a similar but upright pentagram. PowerPoint Presentation: The actual image of a goat in a downward-pointing pentagram first appeared in the 1897 book La Clef de la Magie Noire by Stanislas de Guaita It was this image that was later adopted as the official symbol—called the Sigil of Baphomet —of the Church of Satan, and continues to be used among Satanists. PowerPoint Presentation: Etymology: While modern scholars and the Oxford English Dictionary state that the origin of the name Baphomet was a probable Old French version of "Mahomet", ('Baphomet' = Mahomet = Muhammad). Alternative etymologies have also been proposed. PowerPoint Presentation: In the 18th century, speculative theories arose that sought to tie the Knights Templar with the origins of Freemasonry. Bookseller, Freemason and Illuminist Friedrich Nicolai (1733–1811), was the first to claim that the Templars were Gnostics, and that "Baphomet" was formed from the Greek words βαφη μητȢς, baphe metous , to mean Taufe der Weisheit , "Baptism of Wisdom.” PowerPoint Presentation: Nicolai "attached to it the idea of the image of the supreme God, in the state of quietude attributed to him by the Manichaean Gnostics", according to F.J.M. Raynouard, and "supposed that the Templars had a secret doctrine and initiations of several grades" which "the Saracens had communicated ... to them.„ He further connected the figura Baffometi with the pentagram of Pythagoras. PowerPoint Presentation: Eliphas Levi, the French occultist who drew the famous depiction of Baphomet argued that the name had been derived from Kabbalistic coding: “The name of the Templar Baphomet, which should be spelt kabalistically backwards, is composed of three abbreviations: Tem. ohp. AB., Templi omnium hominum pacts abbas, “the father of the temple of peace of all men”. In Levi’s depiction, Baphomet embodies the culmination of the alchemical process – the union of opposing forces to create Astral Light – the basis of magic and, ultimately, enlightenment. A close look at the details of the image reveals that each symbol is inevitably balanced with its opposite. Baphomet himself is an androgynous character as it is bearing the characteristics of both sexes: female breasts and a rod representing the erect phallus. The concept of androgeniety is of a great importance in occult philosophy as it is representative the highest level of initiation in the quest of becoming “one with God”. PowerPoint Presentation: Baphomet’s phallus is actually Hermes’ Caduceus – a rod intertwined with two serpents. This ancient symbol is has been representing Hermetism for centuries. The Caduceus esoterically represents the activation of chakras, from the base of the spine to the pineal gland, using serpentine power (hence, the serpents) or Astral Light. PowerPoint Presentation: Baphomet is therefore symbolic of the alchemical Great Work where separate and opposing forces are united in perfect equilibrium to generate Astral Light. This alchemical process is represented on Levi’s image by the terms Solve and Coagula on Baphomet’s arms. While they accomplish opposite results, Solving (turning solid into liquid) and Coagulation (turning liquid into solid) are two necessary steps of the alchemical process – which aims to turn stone into gold or, in esoteric terms, a profane man into an illuminated man. The two steps are on arms pointing in opposite directions, further emphasizing their opposite nature. PowerPoint Presentation: Baphomet’s hands form the “sign of Hermetism” – which is a visual representation of the Hermetic axiom “As Above, So Below”. This dictum sums up the whole of the teachings and the aims of Hermetism, where the microcosm (man) is as the macrocosm (the universe). PowerPoint Presentation: The mastery of this life force, the Astral Life, is what is called by modern occultists “magick”. The Magician tarot card displaying the Hermetic axiom “As Above, So Below” PowerPoint Presentation: Each of Baphomet’s hands point towards opposing moons, which Levi calls the Chesed and the Geburah – two opposing concepts taken from the Jewish Kabbalah. In the Kabalistic Tree of Life, the Sefirot, Chesed is associated with “kindness given to others” while Geburah refers to the “restraint of one’s urge to bestow goodness upon others, when the recipient of that good is judged to be unworthy and liable to misuse it”. These two concepts are opposed and, as everything else in life, an equilibrium must be found between the two. PowerPoint Presentation: The most recognizable feature of Baphomet is, of course, its goat head. This monstrous head represents man’s animal and sinful nature, its egoistic tendencies and its basest instincts. Opposed to man’s spiritual nature (symbolized by the “divine light” on its head), this animal side is regardless viewed as a necessary part of man’s dualistic nature, where the animal and the spiritual must unite in harmony. It can also be argued that Baphomet’s grotesque overall appearance might serve to ward off and repel the profane who are uninitiated to the esoteric meaning of the symbol. PowerPoint Presentation: Baphomet in pop culture

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