Published on June 10, 2016
1. Openness in Teaching, Research, and Publishing Hillary Corbett Northeastern University Library Presentation for Merrimack College Faculty March 1, 2016
2. How Can Open Access Help You… • Teach? • Research? • Publish? • Q & A
3. What is “Open Access”? “Open Access provides the means to maximize the visibility, and thus the uptake and use, of research outputs. Open Access is the immediate, online, free availability of research outputs without the severe restrictions on use commonly imposed by publisher copyright agreements….” —Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook (OASIS) Source: OpenOASIS.org
4. Openness and Teaching • Understand and harness students’ interest in a sharing culture • Encourage students to use open-access or rights-free resources in their multimedia projects • Use, remix, and create Open Educational Resources (OERs) as alternatives to high- cost textbooks • Use open resources like Wikipedia in the classroom
5. Openness and Teaching Understand and harness students’ interest in a sharing culture • Various studies report that anywhere from 60-90% of college students have downloaded music files illegally • Students live their lives online and expect to find everything they need there • But intent matters – does the creator/owner want their material to be freely available?
6. Openness and Teaching Encourage students to use open-access or rights-free resources in their multimedia projects • Help them identify and locate these resources – Creative Commons-licensed and public domain images on Google Image Search, Flickr, DPLA – Royalty-free music sites – Moving Image Archive from archive.org • Remind them that they still need to cite!
7. Openness and Teaching Use, remix, and create Open Educational Resources (OERs) as alternatives to high- cost textbooks • Students spend avg. of $1300 per year on textbooks • Look at clearinghouses like Open Textbook Library and MERLOT to find free, high-quality materials w/ Amazon-style reviews • Adapt what you find as needed, or think about creating your own!
8. Openness and Teaching Use open resources like Wikipedia in the classroom • Go beyond advising students to avoid or use caution when citing… • Creating or editing a Wikipedia entry is a great learning activity! – Writing for a public audience – Following guidelines for best practices (neutral tone; finding, assessing & citing sources, etc.) – Can be a resume builder – It’s cool! More info: Wikimedia Outreach
9. Openness and Research • Getting access to paywalled resources inside and outside academia • How does the Open Access movement help researchers? • How can you best participate in research sharing?
10. Openness and Research Source: Vimeo
11. Openness and Research Getting access to paywalled resources inside and outside academia • How do you, as a Merrimack faculty member, get access to the research you need? • How would your answer change if you were not affiliated with a college? • How would your answer change if you were in a developing country?
12. Openness and Research How does the Open Access movement help researchers? • Accelerates communication and discovery • Levels the playing field “Alaska, too, saw the census enumerator arrive in his dog sled.” ca. 1940 Source: National Archives
13. Openness and Research How can you best participate in research sharing? • Use high-quality open access resources, eg.: – Digital Commons Network – Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) – Disciplinary repositories (SSRN, RePEc, arXiv, etc.) – Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD.org) • Make your own work available open access! – Merrimack ScholarWorks
14. Openness and Publishing • Myths about Open Access publishing • Different “flavors” of OA publishing, and what they mean • Retaining some rights to your work • Funder requirements
15. Openness and Publishing Do you think Open Access publishing is… • Vanity publishing? – Emphasis is on providing high-quality research, not making the most money • Not peer-reviewed? – Reputable OA journals have the same peer-review structure as subscription-based journals • Expensive for authors? – An estimated 70% of journals in DOAJ (total: >10K) are completely free to publish in – In cases where an article processing fee is charged, authors themselves pay only 12% of the time • Low-impact? – As early as 2004, Thomson Scientific found in each of its subject areas, there was at least one OA title that ranked at or near the top of its field in impact Sources: The Guardian; Study of Open Access Publishing; Thomson-Reuters
16. What is “Open Access”? (Part II) “…It is definitely not vanity publishing or self- publishing, nor about the literature that scholars might normally expect to be paid for, such as books for which they hope to earn royalty payments. It concerns the outputs that scholars normally give away free to be published – peer- reviewed journal articles, conference papers and datasets of various kinds.” —Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook (OASIS) Source: OpenOASIS.org
17. Openness and Publishing Different ways to make your work available open access • “Gold” vs. “Green” – Gold=Formal. Submit your article for publication in an open-access journal – Green=Informal. Share your work in an open- access repository
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20. Openness and Publishing Retaining rights to your work • Ask about amending your author contract so you can do things like: – Make copies of your work for class reading – Share your work informally with your colleagues – Deposit your work in Merrimack ScholarWorks • These are rights that you usually sign away! • It never hurts to ask, and the more people who ask, the better
21. Openness and Publishing Funder requirements • If you receive research funding from a government agency or foundation, you may be required to make your published results available open-access • Check with your funder!
22. Questions? Please get in touch! E-mail: [email protected] Twitter: @zetamathian