Optimized Bunaken AToengkagie

Information about Optimized Bunaken AToengkagie

Published on January 15, 2008

Author: Biaggia

Source: authorstream.com

Content

The Bunaken National Park joint patrol system: Lessons learned from a multistakeholder enforcement initiative:  The Bunaken National Park joint patrol system: Lessons learned from a multistakeholder enforcement initiative Arief Toengkagie Chief, Bunaken National Park Management Office Bunaken National Marine Park:  Bunaken National Marine Park Established 1991, overseen by BTNB (Park Office) ~90,000 hectares, including 5 islands and North Sulawesi mainland (S and N sections) exceptionally diverse 22 villages inside park, ~30,000 residents Slide4:  BUNAKEN NATIONAL PARK, NORTH SULAWESI Background:  Background Although Bunaken has been a national park since 1991, the condition of its marine ecosystems has slowly declined due to destructive practices such as blast and cyanide fishing, dive boat anchoring, and mangrove cutting Bunaken National Park rangers (BTNB) responsible for patrolling ~89,000 hectares, but were ineffective due to: Limited manpower and equipment Limited funding such that patrols were infrequent Bunaken’s transition to co-management:  Bunaken’s transition to co-management 1999-2000 – Private tourism sector begins working directly with BTNB to stop reef degradation, beginning with strict ban on anchoring. May 2000 – Official MOU between dive operators, BTNB, water police to cooperate in enforcement: Funded by dive operators via a $5/diver voluntary “conservation fee” Using mechanism of targeted patrol operations in areas of park known to have problems Bunaken’s joint patrol system:  Bunaken’s joint patrol system Beginning in March 2001, Bunaken’s official entrance fee system provides funding for comprehensive patrol system: Expansion of ranger/police system to include villagers directly in joint patrol teams Focus on: Destructive fishing practices (bombing, cyaniding) Capture of endangered wildlife (turtles, dugongs) Mangrove cutting Zonation system infractions Entrance fee enforcement Beach clean-ups Socialization of park’s rules Joint villager/ranger/police patrols:  Two separate systems – Northern (island) section, Southern (mainland) section North: 21 villagers, 10 rangers, 3 water police Patrol post on Bunaken Island, 3 speedboats, VHF radio system South: 18 villagers, 6 rangers, 2 water police 3 rotating patrol posts, 1 speedboat, VHF radio 24 hours/day Villagers are trained in enforcement techniques, but do not have authority to make arrests or carry weapons Patrol system is aided by a park-wide (32 base station) VHF radio system with stations in each settlement in the park Joint villager/ranger/police patrols Special Undercover Operations:  Special Undercover Operations Routine patrols are augmented by occasional special operations by rangers and police (villagers not involved due to danger) Target known problem areas/criminal teams (eg, blast-fishing operation, cyanide rings) Typically 5 day operations, cost ~$800/operation Results, 2001-2003:  Results, 2001-2003 9 blast-fishing teams arrested and tried in court, with near elimination of blast fishing in Bunaken NP Live fish cages (for cyanide caught live grouper/Napoleon wrasse) destroyed throughout park, compressors confiscated and cyanide fishers arrested Mangrove trading ring largely broken, with thousands of wood bundles confiscated Results 2001-2003 (continued):  Results 2001-2003 (continued) Zonation infractions (such as fishing in tourism zones) have decreased ~30 endangered animals have been released from capture (dugongs, green and hawksbill turtles) Entrance fee system well-enforced, capturing $109,000 in 2002 Much better coordination with Fisheries Dept – all commercial fishing licenses have exclusion for Bunaken NP Costs of Enforcement:  Costs of Enforcement Total cost of Rp 673,000,000/year (~$76,500/year) Includes salaries/bonuses, fuel, maintenance, court costs, training Funded by entrance fee and small grant from WWF-Wallacea ~$0.85/hectare/year Currently 15% of total park budget. Previously up to 50%, though total costs have not dropped over 3 years. Lessons Learned:  Lessons Learned Involvement of villagers in patrol system has associated costs and benefits, but benefits far outweigh the costs Costs Village patrol members require significant initial training Village patrol members have no authority to arrest or carry weapons Social jealousies can arise from villagers not involved in patrol system Benefits Villagers are on the scene 24 hours/day, have sense of ownership Village patrol members receive very important information on illegal activities from other villagers Village patrol members greatly increase the frequency and effectiveness of socialization of park’s rules to other villagers Lessons Learned:  Multistakeholder (joint) patrol teams are much less likely to be involved in corruption or collusion – different team members keep each other honest Lessons Learned Lessons Learned:  Lessons Learned Contrary to some expectations, local communities strongly support the joint patrol system and have called for its expansion! Local villagers actively assist patrol system through the VHF radio network (“reef watchers”) Lessons Learned:  Lessons Learned It is extremely important to declare and treat marine resource crimes as serious offenses, and to apply enforcement evenly across all levels of society (including villagers, tourists, outside military/police/government officials, etc). Public support for patrols will rapidly decline if powerful individuals are given “special treatment” Lessons Learned:  Lessons Learned Indonesian courts typically treat destructive fishing and other marine resource crimes as light offenses. Education of all levels of the enforcement/prosecution system is required to provide understanding that marine resource crimes rob future generations of their livelihoods and must be punished severly Lessons Learned:  Lessons Learned Enforcement is a continuous, ongoing need – there will always be individuals ready to engage in illegal (and profitable) activities if enforcement activities are decreased below effective levels Slide19:  THANK YOU!

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Biaggia

Classical Period
15. 01. 2008
0 views

Classical Period

pH meter Use and calibration
09. 01. 2008
0 views

pH meter Use and calibration

608 Sara Ariano
09. 01. 2008
0 views

608 Sara Ariano

FAMU05
09. 01. 2008
0 views

FAMU05

TheNewDeal
09. 01. 2008
0 views

TheNewDeal

kli situa
12. 01. 2008
0 views

kli situa

ch 5 Soluble rocks
14. 01. 2008
0 views

ch 5 Soluble rocks

07identity
11. 01. 2008
0 views

07identity

Approche clinique
15. 01. 2008
0 views

Approche clinique

PlenaryTalk two
16. 01. 2008
0 views

PlenaryTalk two

The Blue Whale
16. 01. 2008
0 views

The Blue Whale

OB12 03in
17. 01. 2008
0 views

OB12 03in

MHSAandPEI
12. 01. 2008
0 views

MHSAandPEI

GWG Chapter 08
18. 01. 2008
0 views

GWG Chapter 08

raaja kanwar
21. 01. 2008
0 views

raaja kanwar

SeriousLock
22. 01. 2008
0 views

SeriousLock

Zabriskie Presentation
13. 01. 2008
0 views

Zabriskie Presentation

Bolivia Bruno
28. 01. 2008
0 views

Bolivia Bruno

js recruitment initiative
28. 01. 2008
0 views

js recruitment initiative

PPizziol JRC CRver4
29. 01. 2008
0 views

PPizziol JRC CRver4

Feudal Warfare 21 Feb 06
07. 02. 2008
0 views

Feudal Warfare 21 Feb 06

nutrientmurray
07. 02. 2008
0 views

nutrientmurray

BBS
11. 02. 2008
0 views

BBS

air photo
12. 02. 2008
0 views

air photo

Milano india Holding ltd
14. 02. 2008
0 views

Milano india Holding ltd

i10 slides
20. 02. 2008
0 views

i10 slides

PresentationFileByZh ou
24. 01. 2008
0 views

PresentationFileByZh ou

WAConsF03
25. 01. 2008
0 views

WAConsF03

Higgins Cooperative Procurement
28. 02. 2008
0 views

Higgins Cooperative Procurement

impressionism
03. 03. 2008
0 views

impressionism

greg stone
03. 03. 2008
0 views

greg stone

stack your spice rack
17. 01. 2008
0 views

stack your spice rack

GAIAMalaysiaCleanPro duction
13. 02. 2008
0 views

GAIAMalaysiaCleanPro duction

remediation study
14. 01. 2008
0 views

remediation study

JetBlue
12. 03. 2008
0 views

JetBlue

OH050524
05. 02. 2008
0 views

OH050524

Conferencia
24. 03. 2008
0 views

Conferencia

pg 2001
10. 01. 2008
0 views

pg 2001

CEDIA Quito 11 01 06
28. 03. 2008
0 views

CEDIA Quito 11 01 06

chem ctrl sys eng
09. 01. 2008
0 views

chem ctrl sys eng

JE6KD7HOCC concentrationslides
14. 04. 2008
0 views

JE6KD7HOCC concentrationslides

ArtMuralsProject2010
16. 04. 2008
0 views

ArtMuralsProject2010

Sayers Pulmonary Ventilation
17. 04. 2008
0 views

Sayers Pulmonary Ventilation

Popcorn Words
07. 02. 2008
0 views

Popcorn Words

2005 Spring GACVB
21. 04. 2008
0 views

2005 Spring GACVB

Senate Outreach
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Senate Outreach

itnew
07. 05. 2008
0 views

itnew

Session 2 Abir Hosseini APPIMAF
08. 05. 2008
0 views

Session 2 Abir Hosseini APPIMAF

fff 20060
30. 04. 2008
0 views

fff 20060

LSA2005 Lecture4
02. 05. 2008
0 views

LSA2005 Lecture4

ATIS benefits costs deploy
02. 05. 2008
0 views

ATIS benefits costs deploy

AfterSchoolSnacks 2007 08
06. 02. 2008
0 views

AfterSchoolSnacks 2007 08

Homochirality
24. 01. 2008
0 views

Homochirality

E 5B1 5D T Volcanoes
10. 01. 2008
0 views

E 5B1 5D T Volcanoes

file418
04. 02. 2008
0 views

file418

08Aquinas05s
14. 02. 2008
0 views

08Aquinas05s

ihy ethiopia nov07
31. 03. 2008
0 views

ihy ethiopia nov07

Staff Senate Pres 041207
04. 02. 2008
0 views

Staff Senate Pres 041207

Winter 2007 CJA
15. 02. 2008
0 views

Winter 2007 CJA

12 ZUCCHINI
02. 04. 2008
0 views

12 ZUCCHINI

Chalkboardvocab
08. 03. 2008
0 views

Chalkboardvocab

toulmin to outline
10. 01. 2008
0 views

toulmin to outline

PCvsGlass Final
08. 01. 2008
0 views

PCvsGlass Final

020502 jenni gold
21. 01. 2008
0 views

020502 jenni gold

ESVares10102007
19. 01. 2008
0 views

ESVares10102007