Organizational development-defination

Information about Organizational development-defination

Published on January 4, 2013

Author: snisonko

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Organizational development: Organizational development definition Definition of an organization: D efinition of an organization a) a group of persons organized for a particular purpose; an association: a benevolent organization; b) a structure through which individuals cooperate systematically to conduct business; the administrative personnel of such a structure. PowerPoint Presentation: A more informal definition can include any situation in which two or more persons are involved in a common pursuit or objective . Given the broad-ranging and all-encompassing definitions of organization, it is easy to understand the complexity of OD and the large number of situations in which it can be applied. PowerPoint Presentation: Warren Bennis’s (1969) definition positions OD as reactive to change , rather than proactive, as was the case in Beckhard’s definition. Bennis also introduced the concept that is still core to our understanding of OD today—namely, organizational culture: “ Organization development is a response to change, a complex educational strategy intended to change beliefs, attitudes, values, and structures of organizations so that they can better adapt to new technologies, markets, and challenges , and the dizzying rate of change itself ” (p. 2 ). Bennis used four words that are seen today as key components of organizational culture : beliefs, attitudes, values, and structures. This view was later expanded by Edgar Schein (1980), who developed the idea of a cultural iceberg. Schein’s Cultural Iceberg: Schein’s Cultural Iceberg =layers ■ Behaviors, Norms, Artifacts ■ Stated Beliefs, Values ■ Assumptions McLagan (1989): McLagan (1989) Organization development focuses on assuring healthy inter- and intra-unit relationships and helping groups initiate and manage change. Organization development’s primary emphasis is on relationships and processes between and among individuals and groups. Its primary intervention is influence on the relationship of individuals and groups to effect an impact on the organization as a system. Characteristics of OD:: Characteristics of OD: PowerPoint Presentation: ■ OD is an interdisciplinary and primarily behavioral science approach that draws from such fields as organization behavior , management , business, psychology, sociology, anthropology , economics , education, counseling, and public administration. ■ A primary, though not exclusive, goal of OD is to improve organizational effectiveness. ■ The target of the change effort is the whole organization , departments , work groups, or individuals within the organization and , as mentioned earlier, may extend to include a community , nation, or region . PowerPoint Presentation: ■ OD recognizes the importance of top management’s commitment, support, and involvement. It also affirms a bottom-up approach when the culture of the organization supports such efforts to improve an organization. ■ It is a planned and long-range strategy for managing change, while also recognizing that the dynamic environment in which we live requires the ability to respond quickly to changing circumstances. ■ The major focus of OD is on the total system and its interdependent parts. ■ OD uses a collaborative approach that involves those affected by the change in the change process. PowerPoint Presentation: It is an education-based program designed to develop values , attitudes , norms, and management practices that result in a healthy organization climate that rewards healthy behavior . OD is driven by humanistic values. ■ It is a data-based approach to understanding and diagnosing organizations . ■ It is guided by a change agent, change team, or line management whose primary role is that of facilitator, teacher, and coach rather than subject matter expert . PowerPoint Presentation: ■ It recognizes the need for planned follow-up to maintain changes. ■ It involves planned interventions and improvements in an organization’s processes and structures and requires skills in working with individuals, groups, and whole organizations. It is primarily driven by action research (AR) (which will be discussed soon). PowerPoint Presentation: Action Research A distinguishing OD feature, contrary to empirical research, that posits things change by simply looking at them. Therefore, the results from planned action must be continuously examined and change strategies revised as interventions unfold. Process Focused The emphasis is on the way things happen, more than the content of things, per se. Management consultants are more concerned with the what versus the why. PowerPoint Presentation: Informed by Data Involves the active inquiry and assessment of the internal and external environment in order to discover valid data and create a compelling rationale for change and commitment to the achievement of a desired future organization state. Client Centered OD Practitioners maintain focus on the needs of the client, continually promoting client ownership of all phases of the work and supporting the client’s ability to sustain change after the consultant engagement ends. Desired outcomes of OD : : Desired outcomes of OD : ■ Advance organizational renewal ■ Engage organization culture change ■ Enhance profitability and competitiveness ■ Ensure health and well-being of organizations and employees ■ Facilitate learning and development ■ Improve problem solving

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