Published on April 14, 2009
Passive Voice : Passive Voice Carmen Torres Slide 2: When the agent is unknown Spanish "SE" : Se venden pisos: Flats are sold Spanish "Ellos/as" omitted : Le dieron un beso a Pepita: Pepita was given a kiss When do we use it? Slide 3: To make the object of the active verb more important America was discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus When the description of the agent is very long A charity record has been made by many famous names in the world of pop music. When do we use it? Slide 4: Subject: Person or object that suffered/enjoyed the results of an action. The verb "to be" in the tense the action ocurred. The Past Participle of the verb that represents the action itself. Whatever complements that verb needs. In a few special cases we can also use by + the agent. Structure of the sentence Slide 5: Structure of the verb Slide 6: to BE gives us the tense of the action the principal verb is always in Past Participle THE PASSIVE VERB to BE (in the active tense) + Past Participle (main verb) Slide 7: The passive sentence ACTIVE VOICE Active Subject Active Verb Direct Object Robert gave a coin by Passive Verb Passive Subject Agent PASSIVE VOICE was given by Slide 8: The passive sentence ACTIVE VOICE Active Subject Active Verb Direct Object Indirect Object Robert gave a coin Tom to by Direct Object Passive Verb Passive Subject Agent PASSIVE VOICE was given by Slide 9: 1/They built this house in 1466 2/ This house was built in 1466 1/ Channel islanders speak French & English 2/ French & English is spoken by Channel islanders 1/ This book will change your life 2/ Your life will be changed by this book Examples Slide 10: 1/ They have cut the grass 2/ The grass has been cut 1/ My mother is going to give me a present 2/ I am going to be given a present by my mother 1/ Susan wrote an e-mail to him 1/ He was written an e-mail by Susan Examples Slide 11: 1/ They can’t answer your question 2/ Your question can’t be answered 1/ Someone had to take her to hospital after this 2/ She had to be taken to hospital after the crash 1/ They shouldn’t allow the children to do these things 2/ The children shouldn’t be allowed to do these things 1/ Someone must tell him if we want him to know 2/ He must be told if we want him to know More examples Slide 12: GET is used instead of BE with passive meaning. Informal English. I got stuck in a traffic jam She is getting married After NEED/WANT the -ing form can be used with passive meaning This job needs doing That room wants cleaning More passive stuff Slide 13: HAVE/ GET something done: Arranging for or paying for somebody to do something for you. (Get is more informal). He had his hair cut She got her carpet cleaned We have had our car mended They had got their book translated More passive stuff HAVE + Object + Past Participle Slide 14: Verbs like: Believe, Think, Consider, Say, Report, Know, Expect, Feel, Understand, Find Introductory IT is used It is said that he started the fire It is thought that she doesn't live in London It was known that the King is coming tomorrow More passive stuff IT + passive verb + complete subordinate sentence without changes Slide 15: Verbs like: Believe, Think, Consider, Say, Report, Know, Expect, Feel, Understand, Find It is said that he started the fire (action in the Past) He is said to have started the fire (Infinitive Perfect) It is thought that she doesn't live in London (Present) She is thought to live in London (Infinitive Present) More passive stuff Subordinate subject + verb passive + subordinate active verb in INFINITIVE.