Published on August 9, 2014
PowerPoint Presentation: 1 Rodriguez Comboni Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru Idiomas Catolica Phonetics Summit Intermediate 6 Phonetics Booster U 2 Teacher: Mariella Rodríguez Comboni [email protected] INTONATION: 2 INTONATION Intonation is the music of speech. It is the combination of notes on which syllables or words are pronounced. Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 3 morn Good ing Rodriguez Comboni Marking Intonation: 4 Marking Intonation The tones are divided into four types so that we can show the movement of the voice up or down by drawing lines at four different levels: Extra-high High Normal Low Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 5 How are you? I’ll have cream and sugar. I know more about it than he does. Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 6 I’d like a sandwich. What time did you call? Rodriguez Comboni Rising-Falling Intonation: 7 Rising-Falling Intonation English speakers use intonation most uniformly at the end of a sentence. Usually, the voice rises, and then falls below normal. What comes before this high note is spoken on a normal tone. What comes after is spoken on a low tone. Rodriguez Comboni The high note normally coincides with the last sentece stress: 8 The high note normally coincides with the last sentece stress ’ ’ The situation is difficult. ’ ’ ’ I said I couldn’t hear you . Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 9 Rodriguez Comboni Dipthongization Sliding from one tone to another within a stressed syllable will lengthen the vowel of such syllable so much that it may break into a dipthong or even into a tripthong. PowerPoint Presentation: 10 ’ ’ The coffee is hot. ’ ’ ’ How long did he stay? Rodriguez Comboni /ste ∂ / /ha ∂ t/ /ste/ /hat/ PowerPoint Presentation: 11 ’ ’ I saw a blackbird. ’ ’ ’ I saw a black bird. Rodriguez Comboni Any bird which was black in color A certain species of bird PowerPoint Presentation: 12 ’ They’re checking accounts. ’ ’ They’re checking accounts. Rodriguez Comboni They are not filing them. Not savings accounts! PowerPoint Presentation: 13 ’ ’ What are you looking at? ’ ’ What are you looking up? Rod ’ riguez Comboni Phrasal verb which means “searching” Verb followed by a preposition Rising-Falling Intonation is normally used at the end of:: 14 Rising-Falling Intonation is normally used at the end of: Declarative sentences (Statements of Fact) Commands “WH” Questions RodríguezComboni PowerPoint Presentation: 15 ’ It is a cat. ’ ’ ’ He hasn’t said a word. Rodriguez Comboni Statements of Fact PowerPoint Presentation: 16 ’ ’ /Its ni ∂ r ð ∂ laIbr ЄrI/ ’ ’ / ð æt wi ∂l bi k ЄrlЄs / Rodriguez Comboni Statements of Fact PowerPoint Presentation: 17 ’ ’ Come to see me. ’ ’ Don’t tell. Rodriguez Comboni Commands PowerPoint Presentation: 18 ’ ’ /k כּ l ð ∂ ledI/ ’ ’ /pe f ∂ r It naU/ Rodriguez Comboni Commands PowerPoint Presentation: 19 ’ ’ What is the matter? ’ ’ How do you do? Rodriguez Comboni "WH" Questions PowerPoint Presentation: 20 ’ ’ /w Є ∂ rz ð ∂ bebI/ . ’ ’ /huz æ t ð ∂ d כּ r/. Rodriguez Comboni "WH" Questions TIPS: 21 TIPS Rising-falling intonation may be considerably difficult to achieve, especially for persons whose native language is not English. The tendency to use a rising intonation in such cases should be strongly resisted. Rodriguez Comboni WHY?: 22 WHY? The fall of our voice to a low tone at the end of a sentence is a signal which indicates that the thought is completed. The listener will feel that there is more to be added until he hears your voice fall down. The impression of completeness gives the cue to the other person to start talking. It is a form of indication that the speaker concluded, and that now it is the turn of the listener to take the turn. Rodriguez Comboni More About Intonation: 23 More About Intonation Rodriguez Comboni Yes-No Questions At the end of a sentence, two types of intonation are the most common Rising-Falling Intonation, and Rising Intonation. PowerPoint Presentation: 24 In English, Rising Intonation is used at the end of Yes-no questions (those questions which do not use “WH” words). ́́́ ´ ∂ ru r ЄdI ? d ∂ yu l ∂ vmI ? ’ ’ ’ Is ð Isy ∂rg∂ rl ? won č ∂ kIsmI ? Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 25 We use Rising Intonation to arouse in the listener a sense of incompletenes, to suggest that we haven’t finished talking, and that something else must be added either by the listener or by the speaker. Rising Intonation is used for open yes-no questions, which are easy to identify because they begin with auxiliary verbs. The use of rising intonation creates suspense because we don’t know if the answer is “yes” or “no”. Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 26 Some Examples of Open Questions bearing Rising Intonation ’ ’ ∂ ru hom ? wi ∂ly∂ridItf∂rmi ? ’ ’ k ∂ny∂h Єl pmi ? Š כּ laIduItf ∂ ry ∂ ? Rodriguez Comboni PowerPoint Presentation: 27 From the example above, we infer that the listener has not been able to hear the issue, and that he is asking for a repetition, much in the same way as if he said: ’ ’ ’ Pardon me? (AmE) I beg your pardon? (BrE) Rodriguez Comboni ’ ’ What did you say? PowerPoint Presentation: 28 From the example above, we infer that the listener is surprised by the date. Turning this closed question into an echo question through the use of a rising intonation Pattern would imply that his birthday is on Christmass or on the fourth of July. Rodriguez Comboni ’ ’ When is his birthday? PowerPoint Presentation: 29 In this case, the issue arouses the question as astonishment on part of the listener who seems to be puzzled by the identity of your wife. Turning this closed question into an echo-question by means of the rising intonation pattern would imply that your wife is the acting vedette, or the girl whom the speaker has just kissed! Rodriguez Comboni ’ ’ Who is your wife? PowerPoint Presentation: 30 Kiss for you!