pc vs sp

Information about pc vs sp

Published on July 9, 2014

Author: luisoncln

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Simple Present vs. Present Continuous: Simple Present vs. Present Continuous When do we use each tense? www.teacherluisvega.com Remember:: Remember : Grammar has meaning! Different grammar tenses are used in different situations or contexts and they carry different meanings. For example . . . www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Use the simple present for: 1) action that happens repeatedly (habitual action) 2) general or permanent situations 3) facts Use the present continuous for: Something that is happening now or close to the time of speaking 2) A temporary situation Examples . . . www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Simple Present (Examples) 1) Habitual Action: Tom goes fishing every week. I usually work until 2:00 p.m. My family comes to visit me every year. *Frequency adverbs: these adverbs are commonly used with simple present: Always, never, usually, rarely, sometimes, often, etc. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Simple Present (More Examples) 2) General or Permanent Situations: My family lives far away. Jack doesn’t work on Saturday. Beth and Toan work at ECC. 3) Facts: The Earth is round. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. The Eiffel Tower is in Paris. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Present Continuous (Examples) 1) Action happening now or close to time of speaking: Where’s Tom? He ’s playing soccer. Don’t bother the kids. They are doing their homework. 2) Temporary situations: Martha and her husband are traveling around Europe for two weeks. Lisa is living with friends until she finds an apartment. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Present Continuous . . . We often use the present continuous (and not simple present) when action continues over a period of time. this week, this semester, this year I ’m working 50 hours this week. She ’s taking an Italian class this semester. This year, I ’m trying to cut back on junk food. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Grammar Structure: Here are some reminders about how to make the simple present and present continuous: www.teacherluisvega.com Simple Present:: Simple Present: The most important thing to remember about this tense is . . . 3 rd person singular (he, she, it) We say : I You We They work www.teacherluisvega.com Simple Present:: Simple Present: But for 3 rd person singular, we say . . . He She It work s www.teacherluisvega.com The verb BE: The verb BE Remember the forms of verb BE for the simple present tense: I AM He, She, It IS They, We, You ARE www.teacherluisvega.com Simple Present (Negative): Simple Present (Negative) For all verbs (EXCEPT be ), use: doesn't don't simple form of VERB + Examples . . . www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: 1) Sara works on Sunday. Sara doesn’t work on Sunday. 2) They have a big house. They don’t have a big house. 3) Sam takes classes at night. Sam doesn’t take classes at night. 4) I have a lot of free time. I don’t have a lot of free time. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: VERB BE (Negative) For this verb ONLY, never use doesn’t or don’t . Simple ADD the word NOT after the verb. I am tired. I am NOT tired. She is rich. She is NOT rich. They are here. They are NOT here. www.teacherluisvega.com Present Continuous:: Present Continuous: Don’t forget that VERB BE is part of this structure. I AM You, We, They ARE He, She, It IS verb -ING + www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Examples: Everyone is studying hard. They are celebrating their 40 th anniversary today. I am cleaning my house this week. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Present Continuous (Negative) For this tense, simply ADD the word NOT after the verb BE. They are working today. They are NOT working today. She is taking a Math class. She is NOT taking a Math class. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Important Note about Present Continuous! Some verbs are NOT typically used in the present continuous tense. Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple present. These verbs are called STATIVE (or non-action) verbs. Here are some examples: want like love hate know need see hear believe understand have (possession) forget remember belong www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Examples: I like Rome. NOT: I am liking Rome. She has a big house. NOT: She is having a big house. I prefer to have coffee. NOT: I am preferring to have coffee. _____________ _____________ _____________ www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Practice! Do these exercises with your class. Choose the simple present or present continuous and discuss why each is correct. 1. On Tuesdays, I ________ (go) to the gym. 2. Karen ________ (paint) her apartment this week. 3. This room __________ (be) very large. 4. He _________ (have) a headache right now. 5. It ________ (rain) really hard right now. 6. Where is John? He _______ (work). 7. I ________ (meet) my friend in a few minutes. 8. My family ________ (come) to San Diego often. www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: Answers! 1. On Tuesdays , I go to the gym. 2. Karen is painting her apartment this week . 3. This room is very large. (fact) 4. He has a headache right now. (stative) 5. It is raining really hard right now . 6. Where is John? He is working . (right now) 7. I am meeting my friend in a few minutes . 8. My family comes to San Diego often . www.teacherluisvega.com PowerPoint Presentation: And . . . Remember to ask your teacher or another classmate if you need help. Your teacher can give you more explanation, examples, and exercises if you need them. www.teacherluisvega.com

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