Published on February 14, 2008
Slide1: Maintaining a Sharp Eye Slide2: Passage I Tansancai – An Ideal Tourist Souvenir Related Information Intensive Study Practice Slide3: Related Information It is one of the most flourishing and prosperous dynasties in the Chinese history. During this period of time, agriculture, poetry, handicraft, business and other industries came to a peak and China became the most powerful country in the world. It is a dynasty the Chinese take the most pride in. The Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) Slide4: Related Information The Silk Road The Silk Road dates back to the 2nd century B.C. when Zhang Qian went on a business trip to the western countries following this trade thoroughfare linking Asia and Europe. Originating from Chang’an, the route traveled through Shaanxi Province, the Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, Xinjiang, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and Syria, ending at the eastern shores of the Mediterranean. More than 4 000 of its 7 000 kilometers were in China. Because China’s silk reached the West along this road, European scholars came to call it the “Silk Road”. Slide5: Related Information Slide6: Text Difficult Sentences Important Words Intensive Study Slide7: Tangsancai – An Ideal Tourist Souvenir (Para. 1) The Chinese term Tangsancai refers to the tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.). It is called “tri-colored” because yellow, green and white colors were normally used in making the ceramics, although some pieces can also be found in two or four colors. Developed in the tradition of the green and brown glazed pottery of the Han Dynasty, it represented a peak in the development of Chinese ceramics and was well known by the world in its time. Passage I 1 Slide8: (Para. 2) Unearthed tri-colored Tang ceramics are usually horses, camels, female figurines, dragon head mugs, figurines of musicians and acrobats, and pillows. Of these, the tri-colored camels have won the greatest admiration. They are presented as bearing loads of silk or carrying musicians on their backs, their heads raised as if neighing. The red-bearded, blue-eyed riders, clad in tunics with tight sleeves and hats with upturned brims, reproduce true-to-life images of men from Central Asia of that time as they were walking along the Silk Road to the tinkle of camel bells. Passage I 2 3 Slide9: (Para. 3) The tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty was developed some 1 300 years ago by drawing on the methods of Chinese traditional painting and sculpture as well as employing the various bodies of clay forming and incising techniques. The lines therefore produced were rugged and powerful. Then glazes of different colors were painted on before placing the pottery in a kiln. The colors dripped and melted together to form smooth tones, due to the intense heat and chemical reactions caused by the firing of the kiln. Passage I 4 5 Slide10: (Para. 4) The tri-colored Tang ceramics flourished during the 8th Century, a relatively short period of time during the Tang Dynasty. During this period, aristocrats used the ceramics as funerary objects. Therefore, findings of tri-colored Tangs today are considered rare and valuable treasures, valued for their brilliant color and life-like shapes. (Para. 5) Imitations are now produced in Luoyang, Xi’an and other cities of China and are well received by tourists as souvenirs because of their resemblance to the original. Passage I 6 Slide11: past participle phrase used here to show the origin and development of the art 1. (Para. 1) Developed in the tradition of the green and brown glazed pottery of the Han Dynasty, it represented a peak in the development of Chinese ceramics and was well known by the world in its time. 唐三彩由汉代的绿棕两色釉陶发展而来，代表了中国陶器发展史上的一个顶峰,并在当时举世闻名。 Destroyed in the storm, the village now has become a depopulated zone. Difficult Sentences Slide12: 2.(Para. 2) Of these, the tri-colored camels have won the greatest admiration. 其中，三彩骆驼最负盛名。 She has three children. Of them, she likes the youngest the most. here refers to horses, camels, female figurines, etc. mentioned previously. Difficult Sentences Slide13: 3. (Para. 2) They are presented as bearing loads of silk or carrying musicians on their backs, their heads raised as if neighing. 骆驼或者驮着丝绸，或者载着乐师，头高高仰起，仿佛正在嘶鸣。 The cat is vividly presented as jumping at the snake. He stared at me as if he were wild. prep. 独立主格结构 Difficult Sentences Slide14: means “about ” 4. (Para. 3) The tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty was developed some 1 300 years ago by drawing on the methods of Chinese traditional painting and sculpture as well as employing the various bodies of clay forming and incising techniques. 唐三彩是在大约1300年前，通过吸收中国传统绘画和雕刻工艺，以及采用各种各样的捏泥成形和切塑技术发展起来的。 The technology was developed by drawing on the result of his scientific research. She is a talented musician as well as a photographer. means “ in addition to ” Difficult Sentences Slide15: 5. (Para. 3) The colors dripped and melded together to form smooth tones, due to the intense heat and chemical reactions caused by the firing. 由于窑内炉火燃烧时的高温和化学反应，不同的颜色滴落并融汇成光滑的色调。 The team’s success was largely due to her efforts. means “caused by, because of ” Difficult Sentences Slide16: 6. (Para. 4) Therefore, findings of tri-colored Tangs today are considered rare and valuable treasures, valued for their brilliant color and life-like shapes. 因此，今天出土的唐三彩陶以其艳丽的色彩和栩栩如生的形象被视为稀有的珍品。 A terrible earthquake was reported to have happened in that area recently, which drew the world’s attention. n. means “what were found or discovered” 过去分词短语作状语 Difficult Sentences Slide17: triangle （三角形） trilateral （三边的） trilingual （能说三种语言的） trilogy （三部曲） tricycle （三轮车） (prefix) three, triple 三，三倍，三重 tri- FOR EXAMPLE: bi-: (prefix) two, double 二，二倍，二重 bicycle bilingual Important Words Slide18: Traffic reaches a peak between 8 and 9 in the morning. She is at the peak of her career. point of highest intensity, value, achievement, etc. 顶点，顶峰 peak n. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide19: The Eskimos are always warmly clad throughout the year. The motor-cyclists clad in leather look so cool to the young girls. dressed, clothed 穿着 clad adj. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide20: He spent some twelve years of his life in Africa. Some thirty people attended the funeral. (used with numbers) approximately, about 大约，近于 some adv. FOR EXAMPLE: Review the use of “some” after class. Important Words Slide21: You could have employed your spare time much better if you had planned well. The police employed force to break up the crowd. make use of, use 使用，利用 employ v. FOR EXAMPLE: employ v. to engage the services of; put to work 雇佣…；使工作 Important Words Slide22: No new business can flourish in the present economic climate. The Chinese culture flourished in the Han and Tang Dynasties. be successful, very active or wide-spread, prosper 兴旺，繁荣，旺盛 flourish v. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide23: We consider this (to be ) very important. The painting was previously considered worthless, but now it turns out to be very valuable. He is considered to be the best leader of the organization. be of the opinion, regard ... as 认为，视为 consider v. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide24: Practice Read and Think Read and Complete Read and Translate Read and Simulate Slide25: What does the Chinese term Tangsancai refer to? Read and Think Answer the following questions according to the passage. Slide26: What figures are presented by the unearthed tri-colored Tang ceramics? Read and Think Slide27: When and how was Tangsancai developed? Read and Think Slide28: In the Tang Dynasty, for what purposes were the tri-colored Tang ceramics used? Why are findings of tri-colored Tang ceramics today very valuable? Read and Think Slide29: Read and Complete Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage. Unearthed 1 __________ Tang ceramics are usually 2 _______, camels, female figurines, dragon head mugs, figurines of musicians and acrobats, and pillows. Of these, the tri-colored 3 ________ have won the greatest admiration. They are presented as bearing loads of 4 ____ or carrying musicians on their backs, 5 ___________ raised as if neighing. The red-bearded, 6 __________ riders, clad in tunics with tight sleeves and hats with upturned brims, reproduce true-to-life images of men from 7 ___________ of that time as they were walking along 8 _____________ to the tinkle of camel bells. horses camels their heads tri-colored silk blue-eyed Central Asia the Silk Road Slide30: Complete each of the following statements according to the passage. 1. The glazed pottery is called “tri-colored” because _____________________ colors were usually used in making the ceramics. 2. Developed in the tradition of the green and brown glazed pottery of the Han Dynasty, it __________________ in the development of Chinese ceramics and was well known by the world in its time. represented a peak yellow, green and white Read and Complete Slide31: 3. The tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty was developed by adopting the methods of ____________________________________ as well as using the clay forming and incising techniques. 4. The tri-colored Tang ceramics __________ during the 8th century. 5. Imitations are now produced in some cities of China and are well received by tourists as __________. Chinese traditional painting and sculpture flourished souvenirs Read and Complete Slide32: Fill in the blanks with the proper words and expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. present refer to employ draw on represent reproduce develop well receive melt the original 1. The police _________ force to open the door. 2. I don’t know which of her brothers she was ___________. 3. We ________ her experience throughout the project. 4. The place has __________ from a fishing port into a thriving tourist center. employed referring to drew on Read and Complete developed Slide33: 5. The hot sun soon ________ the ice frozen during the whole last week. 6. The opening-up policies are ___________ by the public. 7. The design was __________ on T-shirts. 8. China and India ________ 40% of the world’s population. 9. Tobacco companies are trying to _______ a more favorable image. 10. This painting is a copy; __________ is in New York. melted well received reproduced represent present Read and Complete the original Slide34: Read and Translate Translate the following sentences into English. 1. 我说有人懒惰, 并不是指你。 refer to When I said someone was lazy, I was not referring to you. 2. 这个作品代表了现代音乐的一种主要趋势。 trend represent modern music This work represents a major trend in modern music. Slide35: Read and Translate 3. 这种风格在17世纪的德国非常盛行。 style flourish This style flourished in Germany in the 17th century. 4. 孩子们对商店里栩栩如生的玩具鸟非常着迷。 life-like be attracted by The children were attracted by the life-like toy birds in the shop. Slide36: Read and Translate 5. 他们公司生产的丝绸服装在东南亚很受欢迎。 silk clothes well received The silk clothes their company makes are well received in Southeast Asia. Slide37: Read and Simulate Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. 1. It is called “tri-colored” because yellow, green and white colors were normally used in making the ceramics. Changchun is called an Automobile City because the First Automobile Plant of China was set up in the city. Linda is called a “little bird” because she likes singing very much. She is called an “angel” because she is always ready to help other people. Now you try: 因为琳达非常喜欢唱歌，所以被称为“小鸟”。 因为她总是助人为乐，所以被称为“天使”。 Slide38: Read and Simulate 2. Developed in the tradition of the green and brown glazed pottery of the Han Dynasty, it represented a peak in the development of Chinese ceramics. Seen in this light, the matter is not as serious as people generally suppose. Born and brought up in remote villages, some of them have never seen a train. Encouraged by these successes, they decided to expand the business. Now you try: 因为生长在穷乡僻壤, 他们当中有些人从未见过火车。 在这些成绩的鼓舞下, 他们决定扩大经营。 Slide39: Read and Simulate 3. Of these, the tri-colored camels have won the greatest admiration. Of all these problems, this one is the biggest. Of all these books, I like this one (the) best. Of all these tasks, this one is the hardest. Now you try: 在所有这些书中，我最喜欢这本。 在所有这些任务中，这一项是最困难的。 Slide40: Read and Simulate 4. They are presented as bearing loads of silk or carrying musicians on their backs, their heads raised as if neighing. When she had finished talking, she looked at the audience as if waiting for an applause. From time to time she looked round as if searching for someone. He paused as if expecting someone to speak. Now you try: 她不时地四处张望，好像在找什么人似的。 他停了下来，好像在期待什么人讲话似的。 Slide41: Read and Simulate 5. The lines therefore produced were rugged and powerful. The designs thus made are being checked over thoroughly. They are problems passed down from generation to generation. Is there anything planned for tonight? Now you try: 这些是一代一代传下来的问题。 今晚有什么计划吗？ Slide42: Read and Simulate 6. The tri-colored Tang ceramics flourished during the 8th Century, a relatively short period of time during the Tang Dynasty. Alchemy flourished widely during the Middle Ages. Many plants flourish in warm humid climates. His business has been flourishing. Now you try: 许多植物在温暖湿润的气候生长茂盛。 他的生意一直兴旺发达。 Slide43: Passage II Ordering a Gift Online Related Information Intensive Study Practice Slide44: Related Information Some people like to buy things online because it is convenient and there is no need to spend a whole day going around different department stores for just one thing. But some people don’t like to shop online because they find the surfing and searching operation too troublesome and payment with credit cards not secure at all. Shopping Online Slide45: Text Difficult Sentences Important Words Intensive Study Slide46: Ordering a Gift Online (Para. 1) Rarely do I surf the web as an Internet shopper myself. But last night I decided I would like to send a gift to an aunt and uncle that my family recently had the pleasure of visiting. I went to one of the major search engines and searched using the words “ordering flowers online” or something to that effect. As I went through each of the top sites that appeared, I was dismayed to find so many obstacles to making a simple online transaction! Passage II 1 2 Slide47: (Para. 2) The first site had a good product which I thought about ordering, but when I clicked on the “order this item” graphic, it brought me to a page with empty fields to fill out, where I was supposed to put in THEIR product number and price! 3 Passage II Slide48: (Para. 3) The next site charged extremely high (in my opinion) shipping charges. It doesn’t seem quite right that a $25 bonsai tree should have a $10 shipping charge to me. The next site had no secure order form. (Although when I wrote to them expressing my disappointment that they had no secure order form, they assured me that they did indeed have one and had had it for years --- still, it wasn’t showing secure for me!) Passage II 4 Slide49: (Para. 4) One site had a great order form and shopping cart. I added my chosen product to the shopping cart and it seemed to work fine, but then I couldn’t find any way to GO TO the shopping cart to place my order! I knew it had to be there somewhere. Upon further inspection, I found a tiny link among the list of links in the left border column that said “go to shopping cart.” Now I’m an experienced Internet user, I can’t even imagine what it must be like for total beginners who want to buy things online. For whatever reason, probably out of spite because I couldn’t find the “go to shopping cart link,” I moved on. Passage II Slide50: (Para. 5) So, I did another search on HotBot and this time noticed a banner ad, the kind that pops up on your computer when you log into a com website, for the FTD (Florists’ Telegraph Delivery) site. I rarely click on banner ads, but this seemed to be what I was looking for, so I clicked through. What a difference! The FTD site was well organized, easy to browse through, secure, and had reasonable shipping charges. My question is why do we still have to get to a “big dog” to get that kind of service? Passage II Slide51: (Para. 6) By the way, at around 1:30 AM last night, I ended up ordering a nice little flowering plant from the FTD site, securely and quickly with only a $5 and some cents shipping charge (which would have been the same no matter how much I ordered, I believe), which will be promptly delivered to my aunt and uncle today sometime. 5 Passage II Slide52: The inverted order is used in a sentence beginning with a negative adverbial. 1. (Para. 1) Rarely do I surf the web as an Internet shopper myself. 我极少作为网上购物者在网上漫游。 Never have I met him before. Scarcely had I entered the room when the phone rang. Difficult Sentences Slide53: = something like that 2. (Para. 1) I went to one of the major search engines and searched using the words “ordering flowers online” or something to that effect. 我选了一个大的搜索引擎，用“网上订购鲜花”之类的字样进行搜索。 He made the foreigner understand using a lot of gestures and facial expressions. He shouted “No, you fool, the other way!” or something to that effect. 现在分词短语作方式状语 Difficult Sentences Slide54: 3. (Para. 2) ... where I was supposed to put in THEIR product number and price! 我应该填入他们的产品号和价格！ It’s 3:00 now, and they were supposed to be here an hour ago! means “should, be expected or required to do something.” Difficult Sentences Slide55: shows that the writer found the shipping charge unbelievably high and unacceptable, and he was quite surprised. 4. (Para. 3) It doesn’t seem quite right that a $25 bonsai tree should have a $10 shipping charge to me. 一棵价值25美元的盆景树，其运费竟高达10美元，这似乎不大对头。 He shouldn’t have been home so early today, he never came home before midnight. Difficult Sentences Slide56: “顺便说一下” 5. (Para. 6) By the way, at around 1:30 AM last night, I ended up ordering a nice little flowering plant from the FTD site. 顺便说一下，昨天凌晨1:30，我终于从FTD网址上订购到一盆花满枝头的可爱的小盆景。 Oh, by the way, there is telephone message for you. He ended up winning a small prize for his excellent study. If you continue to steal, you will end up in prison. end up doing sth. Difficult Sentences Slide57: We don’t have the book in stock, but we can order it. I’ve ordered a gift for your birthday. You’ll like it. request sb. to supply or make goods, etc. 订购，定做，预定 order v. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide58: Important Words We watched in blank dismay as she packed her baggage. He learned to his dismay that he had failed the interview. I was homesick and dismayed by the quiet of the country. n. feeling of shock and discouragement 惊愕，气馁，灰心 v. make somebody feel sad, afraid, worried 使感到失望,惊恐 dismay FOR EXAMPLE: Slide59: How much do you charge for mending the shoes? As long as you paid in advance, we won’t charge you for delivery. I’m not going there again --- they charged $5 for a cup of coffee! All goods are delivered free of charge. His charges are very reasonable. charge FOR EXAMPLE: v. ask an amount of money as a price 要价 n. price asked for goods or services 收费 Important Words Slide60: The storeroom is as secure as we can make it. People feel secure when staying with their families. When you’re insured, you’re secure against loss. safe, protected 安全的，受保护的 secure adj. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide61: I assure you they will be perfectly safe with us. They were assured that everything possible was being done. tell sb. positively or confidently 保证 assure v. FOR EXAMPLE: assure sb. sth. / that … Important Words Slide62: After much discussion about holidays abroad we ended up in Paris. At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he ended up apologizing. reach or come to a certain place, state or action, esp. by a lengthy process or with no intention 最终（是） end up FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide63: We’ll deliver your order to your door. Did you deliver my parcel to my father? take letters, parcels, goods, etc. to the places or people they are addressed to 递送，投递 deliver v. FOR EXAMPLE: Important Words Slide64: Practice Read and Judge Read and Rewrite Read and Translate Slide65: Read and Judge Are the following statements true or false according to the passage? Write T/F accordingly. 1. The author often surfs the web as an Internet shopper. 2. Last night the author wanted to order a gift online for an aunt and uncle. 3. The author found it very easy to make an online transaction at first. 4. The first site that the writer visited didn't have the product the author wanted to order. T F F F Slide66: 5. On the second site a $25 bonsai tree would cost a $10 shipping charge. 6. After experiencing some trouble and failure, the author became an experienced Internet user. 7. The author happened to find the well-organized FTD site through its banner ad on Hotbot. 8. To the author’s surprise, the FTD site had reasonable shipping charges. 9. Finally, the author ordered a beautiful plant from the FTD site for less than six dollars. T T T T T Read and Judge Slide67: Read and Rewrite Shorten the passage to less than 200 words according to the points listed below. Ordering a Gift Online Para. 1: sometimes → the top sites → not as good as →be supposed to be → for example→order a gift online → on the contrary →some small or unknown websites → give good services Para. 2: last night → decide to send a gift → an aunt and uncle → go to one of the major search engines → search by using the words “ordering flowers online” → go to each of the top sites → be disappointed → find so many obstacles to → make a simple online transaction → have no order form → charge extremely high for shipping the order → have no secure order form → on another site → not find the “go to shopping cart link” Para. 3: try a search on HotBob → notice → a banner ad for the FTD_SITE → clicked through → find → be well organized → easy to browse through → secure → reasonable shipping charges → around 1:30 AM last night → end up ordering from the FTD site → securely → quickly → with only $5 and some cents Slide68: 2. At first he suspected the letter was a forgery, but on close inspection, it turned out to be genuine. Read and Translate 1. He told me to get out, or something to that effect. 类似的，这一类的 仔细检查 他叫我滚出去，或是说了这一类的话。 伪造品 开始他怀疑信是伪造的, 但仔细检查后发现是真的。 Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 真的 Slide69: Read and Translate 3. You can turn on your computer and go surfing on the web. 4. It is the biggest real estate transaction in the city’s history. 你可以打开电脑,上网漫游。 房地产交易 这是该城历史上最大的一笔房产交易。 网上冲浪，网上漫游 Slide70: Read and Translate 5. There is no charge for children under six. 6岁以下儿童 黑客 6. He questioned whether the government’s database was secure from hackers. 6岁以下儿童免费。 数据库 他询问政府的数据库是否能免遭黑客的攻击。 收费 Slide71: Read and Translate 7. We were planning to go out, but ended up watching videos. 8. The performance begins promptly at eight o’clock. 我们本来计划出去，但最终还是看了录像。 准时地 演出8点准时开始。 看录像 Slide72: Read and Translate 9. I was browsing through a newspaper when I spotted your name. 10. Mom assured us that everything would be all right. 我正在浏览报纸, 突然看到了你的名字。 保证 妈妈向我们保证一切都会好的。 浏览 突然看到 Slide73: Ordering a Gift Online Sometimes the top sites are not as good as they are supposed to be. On the contrary, some small or unknown websites can give you good services. Last night I decided to send a gift to an aunt and uncle. I went to one of the major search engines and searched by using the words “ordering flowers online” or something to that effect. As I went to each of the top sites that appeared, I was disappointed to find so many obstacles to making a simple online transaction. Slide74: One had no order form; another charged extremely high for shipping the order; still another had no secure order form; on the fourth site, I couldn’t find the “go to shopping cart link”. When I tried a search on HotBot, I noticed a banner ad for the FTD_SITE. And when I clicked through, I found that this site was well organized, easy to browse through, secure, and had reasonable shipping charges. At around 1:30 AM last night, I ended up ordering from the FTD site, securely and quickly, with a shipping charge of only $5 and a few cents.