Published on December 7, 2007
Quick recap:: Quick recap: Black death – what was life like for survivors? (better or worse?) Slide2: “It was all over. We had failed. We remaining peasants looked up at the rotting bodies of our friends hanging by chains and ropes from the trees… We wondered why we had let ourselves be tricked. It had all changed” (A peasant, 1381) What is going on? What are we doing this afternoon?: What are we doing this afternoon? Finding out more information about what surviving meant for the peasants! Task one: Work through facts to fill in calendar of the Peasants Revolt. Task two: Start to use these facts to make up a role play about what happened and why to perform next week. So, why and how did the peasants get out of control?: So, why and how did the peasants get out of control? The Peasants’ Revolt, 1381 But first! What is a revolt?: But first! What is a revolt? Something disgusting A kind of fight A rebellion – where people have had enough of the way things are and try to change them! 1. Why did it start?: 1. Why did it start? Causes: Causes All this leads to an explosion of feelings for the peasants… : All this leads to an explosion of feelings for the peasants… They have had enough! Slide9: 2. How did it start? (the story) Early May 1381: The start: Early May 1381: The start The King’s men are attacked in Fobbing in Essex trying to collect a new (poll) tax. Three get their heads chopped off (beheaded) Their heads are put on poles and paraded around nearby villages. Yuk! Later in May 1381: Later in May 1381 1000s of peasants meet and choose Wat Tyler as their leader ( he used to be a soldier). He and his men take over the king’s castle and march into Canterbury. Tyler frees John Ball, the troublesome priest from prison. (He’d been put their for stirring up trouble after the Black Death) Early June 1381: Thousands of scary Peasants march to London!: Early June 1381: Thousands of scary Peasants march to London! 60,000 peasants march to London They have axes, scythes (farm tools), swords and bows and arrows. They want to talk with the King. Richard II (1377-99) The day: 13 June 1381: Huge crowds storm London: The day: 13 June 1381: Huge crowds storm London Poor Londoners help HUGE crowds of peasants get through city gates. They go on the rampage, get drunk and riot. They break into a Palace & blow it up with dynamite… Kaboooom! One peasant caught stealing gets his head chopped off! The night: 13 June 1381: The Rich people hide: The night: 13 June 1381: The Rich people hide The rich people, and King’s bossy advisors, run away to the Tower of London. They try to hide! Friday 14 June 1381: Meeting the King: Friday 14 June 1381: Meeting the King The king goes to meet the rebels at Mile End (by boat). Amazingly, he says “ok I’ll scrap the new tax, make you free and pardon you (officially ‘let you off’) if you go home now.” Later that day…: Later that day… The peasants think about it. It’s not good enough. They break into the Tower of London, capture the bossy advisors Then they cut off their heads (p.s. one of them takes 8 blows!) Saturday 15 June 1381: The Betrayal: Saturday 15 June 1381: The Betrayal King is VERY worried, he meets the peasants again. Their leader, Wat Tyler, is mysteriously killed! The rest of the peasant’s leaders are rounded up and hanged. Now what?: Now what? Use the information you have collected in the calendar to make up a role play about the Peasant’s Revolt. Work in groups of 4. You will be peasants, coming to London to ask for things to change. Tip: Start it in a village, include the march, and finish off with the drama of what happened in London!