Physical Features of Arab World

Information about Physical Features of Arab World

Published on October 24, 2007

Author: Javier

Source: authorstream.com

Content

North Africa & the middle East:  North Africa & the middle East Crossroads of Continents :  Crossroads of Continents Africa Europe Asia North Africa’s CLIMATES:  North Africa’s CLIMATES North Africa’s major climates are Arid (Desert) & Semi-arid (Steppe) Sahara Desert:  Sahara Desert The Sahara is the world’s largest desert, stretching 3.5 million square miles. Slide5:  Sahara Desert Atlantic Ocean on the west Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea on the north Red Sea and Egypt on the east Sudan and the valley of the Niger River on the south. Slide7:  Sahara Averages less than five inches of rain each year. Temperatures there can run to the extreme -freezing at night -Can be more than 130 degrees Fahrenheit at the peak of day. Wildlife of the Desert:  Wildlife of the Desert Horned Viper:  Horned Viper Houbara:  Houbara Fennec Fox:  Fennec Fox Jeroba:  Jeroba Desert Hedgehog:  Desert Hedgehog Monitor:  Monitor Sand Cat:  Sand Cat Scarab Beetle:  Scarab Beetle Sahel -Steppe region below Sahara that is spreading into a desert region.:  Sahel -Steppe region below Sahara that is spreading into a desert region. The Arabian Peninsula is primarily steppe and desert climate as well:  The Arabian Peninsula is primarily steppe and desert climate as well The Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert:  The Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert * The Rub 'al-Khali, or "Empty Quarter" is a large desert in Saudi Arabia. It is the largest area of continuous sand in the world. *The climate is extremely arid. Few places receive more than 7 in of rain a year, and no permanent streams exist. Summer temperatures reach as high as 130 F in some areas. Mountains of the Arab World:  Mountains of the Arab World Atlas Mountains:  Atlas Mountains Separates the northern moist Mediterranean climate from the arid south. Atlas Mountains in Morocco:  Atlas Mountains in Morocco Atlas Mountains of Morocco Middle East Mountains:  Middle East Mountains Taurus Spreads across Turkey Highest Point- Mt. Ararat-16, 583 ft., Biblical historians believe Noah’s Ark landed here. Zagros Extend through southwestern Iran, and through northern Iraq Highest point- Zard Kuh, 14, 921 ft. Water:  Water Water is the most precious resource for this region of deserts and steppe areas. Many areas (ex. Nile River Valley) dependent on seasonal floods. The alluvial soil around the river and the delta regions are especially good for farming. Wadis:  Wadis Wadis dry streambeds that fill with water only after rainfall in a desert or steppe region. OASES:  OASES Oasis is a place where water comes to the surface in desert area. "oasis" is believed to come from an ancient Egyptian word, "wah," meaning "fertile place in the desert." About 75 percent of the Sahara's population live in oases Major Water Features:  Major Water Features Mediterranean Sea Red Sea Arabian Sea Persian/Arabian Gulf Nile River *The Nile and its tributaries flow though nine countries. :  *The Nile and its tributaries flow though nine countries. The Nile River:  The Nile River Length: From White Nile Source to Mouth- 4184 miles, longest river in the world Name: The Nile gets its name from the Greek word "Nelios", meaning River Valley. Sources: The White Nile: Lake Victoria, Uganda. The Blue Nile: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. The Nile River flows South to North, where accumulation of sediment forms a delta. :  The Nile River flows South to North, where accumulation of sediment forms a delta. Everyday Activities on the Nile:  Everyday Activities on the Nile Tourism Farming Fishing Sometimes you’ll even see crocodiles! ASWAN DAM on the Nile River:  ASWAN DAM on the Nile River The Dam was created in 1971 The Dam wall is 365 feet high Created artificial lake- Lake Nasser, which covers 300 miles Positive effects of Dam:  Positive effects of Dam Prevents flooding Controls irrigation Can plant 3 crops instead of only 1 a year Creates Hydroelectric power- supplies Egypt with 40% of its electricity Amount of farmland has increased by 2.9 million acres Negative Effects of Dam:  Negative Effects of Dam New layer of fertile soil no longer deposited by annual flood, must use fertilizers Very expensive Run off pollutes river, pollution kills fish New soil not added to Delta, which causes erosion Slide38:  Water flow has decreased. Stagnant water allows disease to increase. Salt content has increased, which can ruin crops Some experts think weight of Lake Nasser may be producing earthquakes Sinai Peninsulalocated between Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula:  Sinai Peninsulalocated between Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula Suez Canal :  Suez Canal *The 101-mile waterway connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. * The Suez Canal is used to transport goods to and from all three continents. Major Water Features:  Major Water Features *Mediterranean Sea *Red Sea *Black Sea *Arabian/Persian Gulf *Arabian Sea Slide42:  Strait of Hormuz Bosporus & Dardanelles Straits:  Bosporus & Dardanelles Straits Major Water Features:  Major Water Features Tigris River Euphrates River The Fertile Crescent :  The Fertile Crescent The Fertile Crescent :  The Fertile Crescent *Greeks called this region Mesopotamia, which means "between the rivers." *Many different civilizations developed in this small region. -First came the Sumerians, who were replaced in turn by the Assyrians and the Babylonians. -Today this land is known as Iraq Major Water Features:  Major Water Features Jordan River Dead Sea DEAD SEA:  DEAD SEA Dead Sea:  Dead Sea Lowest point on Earth- 1,320 feet below sea level Saltiest water in the world You float in its waters! Average of 330 days of full sunshine a year Dead Sea Floater:  Dead Sea Floater What am I?:  What am I? Answer:  Answer I am the tip of a camel’s nose and mouth! I am very important to the camel, because my nostrils can close up completely to keep out the sand. My mouth helps the camel get the most protein and energy out of poor-quality food in the desert. By swallowing and regurgitating all day, chewing and chewing and chewing with sideways grinding motions, my special mouth pulverizes food and sucks out every last bit of nutrition. CAMELS :  CAMELS Slide55:  Camels can be gross! They spit, burp, and even worse! Camels have adapted to their environment. The secret is in its blood cells (erythrocytes), which can absorb water and expand up to 240% their original size! Camels can drink 40 gallons of water at once and store it in their blood. The humps store 80 lbs. of fat which nourishes the camel in times of scarce food. When the camel uses the fat, the humps shrink. When it eats again, the humps swell up. Slide56:  Camels have a third eyelid that goes over the eye like swimming goggles to protect its eyes from the sand! The camel's feet are huge and they allow them to walk on the sand like snow shoes. Camels live about 40 years and have 1 baby every 12-15 months. Camel in the Desert:  Camel in the Desert Slide61:  Camal Racing

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Javier

wap
26. 11. 2007
0 views

wap

PairashThajchayapong1
02. 01. 2008
0 views

PairashThajchayapong1

Lecture13 1
09. 10. 2007
0 views

Lecture13 1

arbovirus
24. 10. 2007
0 views

arbovirus

Ch14 Lecture
29. 11. 2007
0 views

Ch14 Lecture

going in 13may02
01. 12. 2007
0 views

going in 13may02

cap3
14. 11. 2007
0 views

cap3

enfoques 4 ppt
15. 11. 2007
0 views

enfoques 4 ppt

DeafTalk
16. 11. 2007
0 views

DeafTalk

db2
19. 11. 2007
0 views

db2

REACH Overview
05. 12. 2007
0 views

REACH Overview

Romantic English Literature
14. 12. 2007
0 views

Romantic English Literature

Treaty of Versailles
23. 12. 2007
0 views

Treaty of Versailles

conman15
28. 12. 2007
0 views

conman15

intro CS 1
04. 01. 2008
0 views

intro CS 1

Radiation Concepts
04. 01. 2008
0 views

Radiation Concepts

Kryptologie Folien Web
05. 01. 2008
0 views

Kryptologie Folien Web

meld ldp iros07 talk3
07. 01. 2008
0 views

meld ldp iros07 talk3

bird
29. 10. 2007
0 views

bird

Ideal Year 2006
02. 11. 2007
0 views

Ideal Year 2006

Saggia Ecologia Presentazione
01. 10. 2007
0 views

Saggia Ecologia Presentazione

Royal Europe consumer
30. 10. 2007
0 views

Royal Europe consumer

Undergrat Presentation 2004
24. 10. 2007
0 views

Undergrat Presentation 2004

report pixel2000
01. 11. 2007
0 views

report pixel2000

Johnson 1
06. 11. 2007
0 views

Johnson 1

USA Presentation Rev 4
08. 11. 2007
0 views

USA Presentation Rev 4

Divisenko
20. 11. 2007
0 views

Divisenko

Civil Society Index Project
23. 11. 2007
0 views

Civil Society Index Project

Unit07Log
01. 11. 2007
0 views

Unit07Log

presentaz roma trieste 4
29. 10. 2007
0 views

presentaz roma trieste 4

Montana Meth Presentation
27. 12. 2007
0 views

Montana Meth Presentation

careerbuilder
20. 02. 2008
0 views

careerbuilder

Brussels 11May06
25. 10. 2007
0 views

Brussels 11May06

EDMT14
27. 02. 2008
0 views

EDMT14

pisanelli
30. 10. 2007
0 views

pisanelli

Newch6www
29. 02. 2008
0 views

Newch6www

tunnista kulutustyyppisi
05. 11. 2007
0 views

tunnista kulutustyyppisi

StratTac06 Leggett
05. 03. 2008
0 views

StratTac06 Leggett

Teela powerpoint 6
14. 03. 2008
0 views

Teela powerpoint 6

67436
27. 03. 2008
0 views

67436

dli20071
30. 03. 2008
0 views

dli20071

GEP2007
25. 10. 2007
0 views

GEP2007

hort2 floraldesign
11. 12. 2007
0 views

hort2 floraldesign

Kodal MALTA
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Kodal MALTA

bcs 03 nottingham
26. 11. 2007
0 views

bcs 03 nottingham

17 Sussex
17. 12. 2007
0 views

17 Sussex

asdc ncss for website ihc
06. 11. 2007
0 views

asdc ncss for website ihc

frieman
15. 11. 2007
0 views

frieman

Sem Grd Ontology
19. 11. 2007
0 views

Sem Grd Ontology

Underground1
06. 12. 2007
0 views

Underground1

Avape Port
16. 11. 2007
0 views

Avape Port

ceciliat2
28. 12. 2007
0 views

ceciliat2

diane guatelli
31. 10. 2007
0 views

diane guatelli

cacti
12. 12. 2007
0 views

cacti

Attila Vitai Vodafone
26. 11. 2007
0 views

Attila Vitai Vodafone

kevin dustin
13. 11. 2007
0 views

kevin dustin

02 Italy Gorgucci
31. 10. 2007
0 views

02 Italy Gorgucci

wp4status russia2
26. 10. 2007
0 views

wp4status russia2