Published on November 26, 2007
Slide1: By Tyler Lazarus. This is a map of Portugal:: This is a map of Portugal: Portugal is the light cream country right here: Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. Slide3: Geographical features on Rivers. Briefly, in the north, Portugal has many chains of mountains, plateaus of considerable height, and deep narrow valleys; in the centre, together with high and extensive mountains, we find broad valleys and large plains. Lastly, south of the Tagus, the country is one of plains throughout the Alemtejo, but in the Algarve it again becomes hilly, though the altitudes are rarely considerable. The chief rivers are: The Minho, which forms the northern frontier; The Douro, which rises in Spain and enters the sea near Oporto, about one-third of its course being in Portugal; The Mondego, the largest river rising in Portugal, which enters the sea at Figueira after a course of 140 miles; The Tagus, which rises in Spain, forms above Lisbon a gulf more than eight miles wide, and enters the sea below that city, after a total course of nearly 500 miles, about one-third in Portugal; The Sado, which flows out in a large estuary at Setubal; The Guadiana, which serves in part as frontier between the two countries. The Tagus is navigable for small vessels as far as Santarem; the Guadiana, as far as Mertola. There are no lakes worthy of mention, the ria at Aveiro connecting with the sea. The population in Portugal.: The population in Portugal. Portugal & Portuguese language history : Portugal & Portuguese language history The Portuguese language, which evolved from spoken Latin, developed on the west coast of the Iberian Peninsula (now Portugal and the Spanish province of Galicia), the province the Romans called Lusitania. When the Romans invaded the peninsula in 218 B.C., the people living in the region adopted Latin, the Roman’s language. From then until the 9th century, all spoke Romance, a language representing an intermediate stage between vulgar or common Latin and modern Latin languages. From 409 AD to 711, the Portuguese vocabulary adopted many new words used by invading Germanic tribes. The effects of the Germanic migrations on the spoken language was not uniform and broke the linguistic uniformity of the peninsula. Beginning in 711, when the Moors conquered the Iberian Peninsula, Arabic became the official language, although the vast majority of the population continued to speak Romance. When Christians started to re-conquer the peninsula in the 11th century, the Arabs were expelled to the South. Galician-Portuguese became the spoken and written language of Lusitania. The separation between the Galician and Portuguese languages, which began with Portugal’s independence in 1185, was consolidated after the Moors were expelled in 1249. Between the 14th and 16th centuries, when Portugal established an overseas empire, the Portuguese language was heard in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Portuguese entered its modern phase in the 16th century when early lexicologists defined Portuguese morphology and syntax. When Luis de Camões wrote Os Lusíadas, in 1572, the language was already close to its current structure of phrases and morphology. From then on, linguistic changes have been minor. French influence during the 18th century changed the Portuguese spoken in the homeland, making it different from the Portuguese spoken in the colonies. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the Portuguese vocabulary absorbed new contributions reflecting technological advances. Animals in Portugal.: Animals in Portugal. Wild animals include the wolf, lynx, wildcat, fox, wild boar, wild goat, deer, and hare. In the south the genet and the European chameleon, typical of northern Africa, are also present. Portugal occupies an important bird migration route, and many species of birds can be found at various times of the year, including the cormorant, egret, black-winged stilt, greater flamingo, stork, European bee-eater, and griffon vulture. More than 200 kinds of fish, notably small fish such as pilchards (sardines) and anchovies, and tuna, abound off Portugal’s coasts. Deer, common name for certain hoofed, artiodactyl mammals, usually characterized by bony, often branching antlers that are shed and regenerated annually. Deer range through the Americas, Europe, Asia, and North Africa. The largest populations occur in mixed wooded and open land, although deer also live in swamps, on mountains, and on northern tundras. Deer species range in size from the European elk, or moose, which may reach a shoulder height of 2.35 m (7.7 ft), to the South American pudu, which can be as little as 25 cm (10 in) high at the shoulder. The first deer appeared in the early Oligocene epoch in Asia, about 38 million years ago. Slide7: , common name for certain small, furry mammals with long ears and short tails. Although the names rabbit and hare are often used interchangeably, in zoological classification the species called rabbits are characterized by the helplessness of their offspring, which are born naked and with closed eyes, and by their gregarious habit of living in colonies in underground burrows. (The exception is the cottontail of North America, which does not dig burrows; its nest is on the surface, usually in dense vegetation, and it is not social.) Species designated zoologically as hares are born furred and with open eyes, and the adults merely construct a simple nest and rarely live socially. Furthermore, the hare is generally larger than the rabbit and has longer ears with characteristic black markings. Moreover, the skulls of rabbits and hares are distinctly different.Distributed throughout the world, hares and rabbits have many common characteristics. Both groups breed prolifically, bearing four to eight litters a year, with three to eight young in each litter, have a period of gestation lasting about a month, reach sexual maturity in about six months, and have a life span of about ten years. These animals, which weigh from about 1 to 5 kg (about 2 to 11 lb) and attain a length of about 30 to 60 cm (about 12 to 24 in), feed mainly on herbs, tree bark, and vegetables. They prefer to live in regions where the soil is loose and dry and where brushwood offers shelter. Although rabbits and hares are valued as game by hunters, as food, and for their fur, they often are pests to farmers whose trees and crops they destroy. The species commonly found in the United States are the cottontail, the snowshoe rabbit, the jackrabbit, and the domestic rabbit. Rabbits and hares Slide8: common name for the four species of a family of birds having exceptionally long legs and long, highly flexible necks. Their relationship to other birds is uncertain; some evidence allies them with the herons and ibises, some with the ducks and geese; and there is fossil evidence suggesting a relationship to shorebirds. Their bills bend abruptly downward about midway; the upper mandible is narrow, and fits into the lower like the lid of a box. When they feed, flamingos dip the head under water and scoop backward with the head upside down. The edges of the bill have tiny narrow transverse plates called lamellae. The large fleshy tongue pressing against the inside of the bill strains the water out through the lamellae, leaving behind the small invertebrates and the vegetable matter upon which the bird feeds. The largest species is the greater flamingo. It has two rather different subspecies, one vivid red and the other paler. The first of these breeds in the Caribbean area, from Yucatán and the West Indies to the coast of northeastern South America. It breeds well in captivity, and the occasional flamingo seen north of Florida probably escaped from a zoo. The paler flamingo inhabits Eurasia, in the Mediterranean area and Africa, east to India. Males of both subspecies may reach 155 cm (61 in) in height. The greater flamingo breeds in standing water or on low islands in shallow ponds, salt pans, and lagoons, building a conical mound of mud topped by a slight depression in which the one egg (rarely two) is laid. The young are fed on regurgitated food for as long as 75 days, although they can feed for themselves after about 30 days. Flamingo Slide9: smallest member of the dog family, which also includes wolves, coyotes, jackals, and dogs. Foxes are characterized by short legs, an elongated narrow muzzle, erect triangular ears, thick fur, and a long bushy tail. Foxes are found throughout the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, inhabiting mostly forest, chaparral, and desert regions. Most of the ten species of the genus to which the red fox belongs can adapt to diverse climates and habitats. Most foxes feed on mice, voles, rabbits, birds’ eggs, fruit, large insects, and carrion. Because their prey is small, foxes are solitary rather than pack hunters. They generally work territories of less than 8 sq km (less than 3 sq mi), which they defend from other foxes. They are swift, agile runners; the red fox can reach a speed of 48 km/h (30 mph). The red fox is by far the most common species of fox. It is 90 to 105 cm (36 to 42 in) long, not including the tail, weighs about 7 kg (about 15 lb), and is distinguished by black ears and feet and a white tip on the tail. The coat is usually some shade of rusty-red or reddish-brown, sprinkled with light-tipped hairs. The red fox ranges across Eurasia and North Africa and from northern Mexico to the Arctic. Within these vast zones diverse variations of the red fox have developed; those of the south are smaller and have lighter-colored coats, and those of the north are larger, with thicker and darker coats. The silver fox, valued for its black, frosted fur, is simply a variant of the red fox. Fox Industries in Portugal: Industries in Portugal People sell many different types of wine in Portugal to earn their money, here are a few examples of some win they sell: Different types of Douro: Quinta do Vale D. Maria 1996 Douro DOC, Portugal Duas Quintas Douro 1996, Ramos Pinto Quinta do Crasto Reserva 1996, Douro Quinta do Crasto 1997, Douro Redoma 1994, Douro, this is the most expensive Douro costing 13 euros . They also make money by selling fruit and vegetables. Portugal used to have escudos but now they use euros like many other countries. Portugal's sport.: Portugal's sport. Portugal have many sports including football!! Also including: Fishing, golf, horse riding, lawn bowls, sailing, scuba diving, surfing, waterskiing, windsurfing and tennis. Here is some in formation about Portugal's tennis. Portugal enjoys a climate that allows the player to be on court most every day and all the year round. Tennis is probably the third most practiced sport in the country with active Clubs in all major cities and most of the towns. The centre of this sport is at the Estoril Tennis Club and the annual Open Clay Court Tournament attracts international players that rank in the top world ten. Other important centres can be found in Porto, Coimbra, Évora, and the Algarve. Along the length of the Algarve coast the visitor will find there are a number of enthusiastic Tennis Clubs with good professional multilingual coaches and each with a friendly welcoming atmosphere. These Clubs provide all levels of coaching to all ages and when applicable encourage the visitor to participate in their local Club competitions. Some Clubs offer a variety of special packages that include accommodation and coaching. The courts can range from all weather, artificial grass to American Clay. Throughout Portugal many of the hotels and holiday resorts also have courts or tennis facilities and a number of them can provide resident coaches, most of which are bilingual. Slide12: Here is some information on horse riding: Portugal has a special feeling for horses and this country is considered by many as the home of the Lusitano breed (of horse). This special attractive "hot blooded" horse has been bred and developed in the central Ribatejo region for hundreds of years and is a mixture of Arab and the Pure English Thoroughbred. This breed is internationally acknowledged for its gentle nature and its equally graceful agile movements in the bullring. This breed is often chosen for training to enter the international competitions of equestrian events. Whether it is for Hacking or Dressage, a visitor will normally find both are readily available and in particular in the area of the Algarve as there are many established Riding Stables scattered along the coast. The variable terrain in Portugal lends itself in the most part to offering extremely enjoyable different types of rides. Taking the Algarve as an example, the coastal plain varies considerably. Around Vale do Lobo and Quinta do Lago area the soft sandy soil through endless pinewoods makes for very comfortable riding. In the inland region of Silves the valleys and tracks can take you into charming countryside or up into the dense eucalyptus forests. West of Portimão there are endless rides into virtually uninhabited areas with rolling open hills. A trip into the Alentejo region around Évora will offer a visitor the freedom of open countryside riding. Such is the variety of good rides we recommend that the visitors try the different areas. Landmarks in Portugal.: Landmarks in Portugal. There are some museums in Portugal with oil paintings and water paintings here are a few names of water paintings: Praca de Comercio, Lisbon Belem Tower Roofs of Alfama Cranbrook church, Michigan There are also a few paintings in the Ritz hotel art show. Portuguese food.: Portuguese food. Portuguese food.: Portuguese food. Cheese Soufflé from the Azores Islands The Azores Islands are located between New York and Portugal, right in the middle of the Atlantic. Perhaps due to their isolation, they have never been exploited or destroyed and they are magnificently beautiful, referred to as “Garden Islands”. Nine islands make up the Azores volcanic archipelago. The islands are verdant and full of flowers, green mountains and turquoise lagoons Portugues food: Portugues food Cold Melon Soup Cold Soups are common in both Spain and Portugal. This delicious soup, “Sopa Fria de Melão” is the perfect appetizer for a summery lunch or dinner. Melon is used frequently in Portuguese cooking, in both hot and cold dishes “Salada de Frango com Melão” is a typical Portuguese dish made with chicken and melon. In this recipe, the fusion of the sweet melon and the fresh, tangy mint create a great palate-cleansing appetizer to have before a more substantial main course. The melon soup tastes absolutely delicious with white port or other semi-dry (off dry) white wines or even champagne. This cold melon soup recipe is served with Aniseed Bread and garnished with Mint. Portugues food.: Portugues food. Octopus Stewed in Red Wine Portuguese cooking is dominated by shellfish and seafood, mainly due to its rich coast full of abundant sealife. Octopus, “Polvo”, is frequently seen in Portuguese recipes. Octopus is fished in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, and apart from Portugal, it is eaten with great gusto all over Spain and Italy. Typical Portuguese dishes featuring this rubbery but delicious seafood include: “Polvo Frito” (Fried Octopus) and “Arroz de Polvo” (Rice with Octopus, cooked in tomatoes and onions). Portuguese food: Portuguese food Turbot Fillet with Crunchy Almond Pastry Almonds are a legacy of Portugal’s Moorish heritage. The Moors ruled various kingdoms in Portugal for centuries, and they left their mark on Portugal’s gastronomy, on its architecture and indeed, on its culture. The Moorish castle of Lisbon, nowadays called “Saint George” or São Jorge”, is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Portugal. The entire Algarve region, in the south, is full of Moorish reminders- whitewashed villages, fig trees, orange groves, almond trees (beautiful when blossoming), carobs, lemons and even pomegranates. Portuguese food: Portuguese food Duck Salad with Apples Portuguese gastronomy, while huge in seafood and shellfish, also boasts its fair share of foul dishes. Chicken (Frango) and Duck (Pato) both feature prominently on Portuguese menus. This recipe for Duck Salad is a classic dish, with the complementary flavours of apple and cider vinaigrette creating a sumptuous dish that could be served as an appetizer or as a light summer main course. Scenery in Portugal.: Scenery in Portugal. The northeast of Portugal includes some of the finest scenery and unspoilt countryside, from the remote wilderness of Trás-os-Montes (behind the mountains), to the small medieval towns and traditional customs of the Beiras and to the harsh beauty of Serra da Estrela (the highest range of mountains, rising up to nearly 2000 metres, 6660 feet). Bragança, in the extreme north, a walled citadel dating from the 12th century, lies in one of the most rough and isolated regions; its bitter winters likewise affect Guarda (the country's highest town, at 1056 metres, 3520 feet). Vila Real is a good starting point from which to visit the valley of the river Douro, filled with terraced vineyards which produce wine and Port. Further south lies Viseu, the graceful capital of Beira Alta that is the centre of the Dão wine-growing region and on the route to the border castles. More scenery in Portugal: More scenery in Portugal In the province of Beira Baixa, whose capital is Castelo Branco, don’t skip Monsanto, voted the most typical village in Portugal. Regional food include the country's most famous cheese, named after the Serra da Estrela, where it is still made by hand, and the sausages and cured meats of Mirandela. During the winter you can ski or have fun tobogganing in Serra da Estrela. The weather conditions are not sufficiently reliable to create a large resort for this sport but the locals are very enthusiastic. The bare granite of this range of mountains has very short vegetation that doesn’t support more than sheep grazing, which is very important for the production of the regions famous cheese "Queijo da Serra". Like most mountainous areas this is a popular place for walkers with fascinating flora and panoramic views. The Serra da Estrela is also the name of a special breed of dog known as the "Lord of the Mountain". Intelligent, brave, tender and loyal, this dog has a thick heavy coat that helps it to survive in colder climates. Places to go.: Places to go. Costa Verde (Green Coast) - Montahanas (Mountains)- Costa de Prata (Silver Coast) - Planicies(Plains) - Costa de Lisboa (Lisbon Coast) - Algarve They will be show on the following map; The following map;: The following map; Portugal's cheap flights to Lisbon.: Portugal's cheap flights to Lisbon. Looking for PORTUGAL flights? Book your cheap holiday or business trip dates? Check availability for all airplane tickets and flights to PORTUGAL airports, then compare discount airfare rates to find the cheapest airline tickets and PORTUGAL air travel from Kelkoo UK Looking for Lisbon flights or London flights? If you're departing from London and arriving at Lisbon book your cheap holiday or business trip dates and check availability for all flights in Lisbon and then compare discount airfare rates to find the cheapest airline tickets and Lisbon air travel from Kelkoo UK. Questioning Quiz !!!!!!!: Questioning Quiz !!!!!!! What is the Capital of Portugal? Is it: Lisbon Lisborn What is the government view? is it: Birth rate’s too high Birth rates to low A land mark is: Belen Tower Belem Tower ? ? This is the end of my Portugal report I hope you have learnt something about my chosen subject. : This is the end of my Portugal report I hope you have learnt something about my chosen subject. You’re the Champ chap!!!: You’re the Champ chap!!! Yahoo! Congratulations, you are so clever. Go back to Questioning Quiz!! Loser! Loser!: Loser! Loser! Don’t you know anything? Oh I forgot your to dumb to answer! Ha, Ha!!! Go back to Questioning Quiz!!