powers-fnl

Information about powers-fnl

Published on March 11, 2014

Author: 1234_5

Source: authorstream.com

Content

AUTOMOBILE DESIGN Year 2010 and Beyond: AUTOMOBILE DESIGN Year 2010 and Beyond by Robert Q. Riley WORLD CAR POPULATION: WORLD CAR POPULATION Greater Demand & Less Resources Accelerated Greenhouse Emissions Environmental & Energy Trends = Negative Economic Impacts Developing World = 300% Increase Between 1995 & 2020 OPTIONS FOR REDUCING TRANSPORTATION ENERGY USE : OPTIONS FOR REDUCING TRANSPORTATION ENERGY USE Telecommuting Self-Sufficient Micro-Communities Better Mass Transit Intelligent Transportation Systems Behavioral/Societal Infrastructure Improved Vehicle Technology VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS: VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS Improved Conventional Power System Efficiency (VVA - CIDI - VCR - Controlled Auto Ignition - CVTs) Alternative Fuels (Natural Gas - Methanol - Ethanol - Hydrogen) Alternative Power Systems (Battery-Electric - Hybrid-Electric - Advanced Batteries - Ultracapacitors - Fuel Cells) Design For Lower Transported Mass (Smaller , Lighter Vehicles - New Materials & Processes - Holistic Approach to Design) Power Systems - Fuels - Materials - Design ELECTRIC VEHICLES: ELECTRIC VEHICLES Good Torque Curve No Multi-Ratio Transmission Bi-Directional Energy/Work Loop Clean & Efficient BEVs Potentially Cheap to Build Good Public Image Limited Range & Slow Recharge of BEVs Greater Mass & Complexity of HEVs Unfamiliar Technology Costly R&D/Startup Infrastructure Costs Costly & Speculative Marketing Effort Positive Negative BATTERY COMPARISON: BATTERY COMPARISON Specific Energy Wh/kg Specific Cost $/kW-h LITHIUM-POLYMER BATTERY Courtesy 3M Company: LITHIUM-POLYMER BATTERY Courtesy 3M Company HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES: HYBRID-ELECTRIC VEHICLES Ultracapacitors Flywheels Batteries CI & SI Engines Stirling Engines Turbine Engines Conversion Storage Storage Characteristics INTREPID ESX SERIES HYBRID Courtesy Chrysler Corporation: INTREPID ESX SERIES HYBRID Courtesy Chrysler Corporation PATRIOT FLYWHEEL/TURBINE HYBRID Courtesy Chrysler Corporation: PATRIOT FLYWHEEL/TURBINE HYBRID Courtesy Chrysler Corporation FORD P2000 HYBRID Courtesy Ford Motor Company: FORD P2000 HYBRID Courtesy Ford Motor Company NEW PACKAGING & STYLING: NEW PACKAGING & STYLING More Compact Packaging With New Powertrain Designs Exterior is Shrinking Around the Passenger Zone Urban- and Commuting-Specific Cars Can Reduce Emissions & Energy Demand CARS IN YEAR 2010 & BEYOND: CARS IN YEAR 2010 & BEYOND Hybrid Vehicles for Long Trips Battery-Electric Vehicles for Local Trips New Downsized Personal Transportation Products One-Box Vehicle Design Fleet Comprised Mainly of ICE Vehicles Burning Reformulated Gasoline & Alcohol Significant Inroads By…..

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