Protestant Reformation

Information about Protestant Reformation

Published on March 11, 2014

Author: nickgreennccu



The Protestant Reformation : 1 1300 – 1570 CE The Protestant Reformation Definitions: Definitions Protest To express strong objection Reform To improve by correcting errors Problems in the Church: Problems in the Church Corruption Political Conflicts Corruption: Corruption The Church raised money through practices like simony and selling indulgences. Advantages of Buying Indulgences Go Directly to Heaven!: Advantages of Buying Indulgences Go Directly to Heaven! Do not go to Hell! Do not go to Purgatory! Get through Purgatory faster! Do not pass Go! Political Conflict : Political Conflict KINGS AND QUEENS POPES Calls for Reform: Calls for Reform John Wycliffe (1330-1384) Questioned the authority of the pope Jan Hus (1370-1415) Criticized the vast wealth of the Church Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536) Attacked corruption in the Church Luther Looks for Reforms: Luther Looks for Reforms Martin Luther criticized Church practices, like selling indulgences. He wanted to begin a discussion within the Church about the true path to salvation. He nailed his Ninety-Five Theses , or arguments, to the door of Wittenberg cathedral for all to see. Protestant Teaching: Justification by Faith Alone: Protestant Teaching: Justification by Faith Alone The Bible is the only source of truth. People can read and understand the Bible themselves. Salvation comes only through faith in Christ. Luther’s Bible Excommunication: Excommunication Pope Leo X demanded that Luther recant 41 of his Ninety-Five Theses . Luther was brought before the Diet of Worms. In January 1521, Luther was excommunicated from the Church. The Printing Press: The Printing Press Luther’s ideas spread quickly with the help of the printing press. Luther’s supporters distributed copies of his speeches and essays far and wide. Millions of people sided with Luther against the Roman Catholic Church. A New Church: A New Church Luther soon had many followers. His supporters began to organize a new Christian denomination. Several German princes supported Luther. Lutherans and Catholics fought each other. The first wars ended with the Treaty of Augsburg, but fighting in Europe over religion continued to the mid-seventeenth century. Saint Bartholomew’s Day massacre Lutheranism: Lutheranism Luther’s followers disagreed with many of the teachings of the Catholic Church. They rejected the authority of Church councils and the pope. Reading the Bible was the only way to learn how to lead a good life. Luther translated the Bible into German The Reformation spread to other countries.: The Reformation spread to other countries . France and Switzerland: John Calvin preached the idea of “predestination” and that some people had been chosen by God for salvation. England: King Henry VIII refused to recognize the Roman Catholic Church and started a new church, the Church of England. PowerPoint Presentation: 15 The End

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