PUNJAB Sidhu

Information about PUNJAB Sidhu

Published on October 4, 2007

Author: Elena

Source: authorstream.com

Content

RESOURCE CONSEVATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF RICE-WHEAT SYSTEM IN PUNJAB:  RESOURCE CONSEVATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF RICE-WHEAT SYSTEM IN PUNJAB Development of Rice-Wheat (RW) System in Punjab:  Development of Rice-Wheat (RW) System in Punjab With the introduction of green revolution technologies and assured procurement at minimum support price, the area under rice has increased to 2.6 m ha. and under wheat to 3.4 m ha. Food Grain production increased from 7.3 m MT in 1970 to 24.8 m MT in 2001-02. From 1.5 % geographical area the state is producing 9% rice and 20% wheat of total production of the country OUR CONCERNS:  OUR CONCERNS Production has increased at a cost Productivity is not increasing, Quality of natural resource base is declining Issue is: cut back cost of production, improve factor productivity and reverse the resource degradation process Slide4:  ZT Planted wheat Slit for seed and fertilizer RCT: Zero-Tillage For Wheat Zero Tillage : Planting of crops with minimum soil disturbance Slide5:  Zero-Till, Residues retained Zero-Tillage : Astonishing Benefits Saving of about Rs 2000/- per ha. in cost of diesel for land preparation where as yield per ha. is same or more than conventional tillage. Saving in irrigation water requirement. (1000 m3 of water per ha. at field level) Helps in timely planting of wheat. (Prevents yield losses due to late planting of wheat @ 35-40 kg/ha/day) Retention of crop residues helps in improving soil organic matter, soil structure and microbial population Zero -Tilled wheat, mulched , betters early seedling vigor and controls weeds Slide6:  REDUCED ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION : Lower emission of green house gases due to reduced burning of crop residues and fossil fuels STRATEGY FOR PROPAGATION OF ZERO-TILLAGE DURING 2003-04:  STRATEGY FOR PROPAGATION OF ZERO-TILLAGE DURING 2003-04 MASS AWARENESS CAMPAIGN FARMERS TARINING CAMPS PAMPHLETS/TECHNICAL LITERATURE FIELD LEVEL DEMONSTRATIONS (FLD) FIELD DAYS PRINT MEDIA Slide8:  Distt. Level Farmers’ Training Camps: 17 Village Level Zero Tillage Training Camps : 200 Number of Participating Farmers : 28000 Slide9:  PAMPHLETS/TECHNICAL LITERATURE 20000 PAMPHLETS, 1000 BOOKLETS Slide10:  FIELD LEVEL DEMONSTRATIONS (FLD) : 210 AREA COVERED : 166 ha Slide11:  FIELD DAYS : 100 STRATEGY FOR ACCELERATING THE ADOPTION OF RCTs :  STRATEGY FOR ACCELERATING THE ADOPTION OF RCTs TRAINING OF TRAINERS TRAINING OF DISTRICT HEADS TRAINING OF FIELD ENGINEERS DISTRIBUTION OF ZT DRILLS ON SUBSIDY : 544 INVOLVEMENT OF PRIMARY AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES(PACS) SUPPLIED 1600 ZT-DRILLS TO PACS FOR USE OF THEIR MEMBERS. ESTABALISHMENT OF ZERO-TILL VILLAGES -26 ENCOURAGEMENT TO SERVICE PROVIDERS PROGRAM OUTPUTS:  PROGRAM OUTPUTS ZT AREA PLANTED TO WHEAT : 2,13,744 HA. SAVING OF RS. 40 CRORES ON DIESEL COSTS. LESS WEAR AND TEAR OF TRACTOR AND AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY. TIMELY PLANTING, MORE YIELDS. LESS USE OF HERBICIDES Slide14:  Area under Zero-tillage in Punjab 6830 41855 213744 750 Slide15:  Normal Bed planting Bed Planting: A Water-Wise Technology Promotes crop diversification. Obviates waterlogging stresses, in situ rainwater conservation. Less lodging, bolder grain, larger panicle Provide avenues for alternate sources of productivity growth. REPLICATION IN RICE CROP ESTABLISHMENT:  REPLICATION IN RICE CROP ESTABLISHMENT THE SUCCESS OF ZT TECHNOLOGY IN WHEAT HAS RAISED THE HOPES FOR ITS ADOPTION IN RICE. EFFORTS IN FARMER PARTICIPATORY MODE SHALL BE MADE IN THE ENSUING KHARIF SEASON. Slide17:  Dr. G S Khush, DG (IRRI) inspecting rice crop transplanted on beds What is Needed?:  What is Needed? Double Zero-till system must be developed Suitable cultivars for new RCTs ( Zero-till and Bed-planting). Technology for management of loose crop residues to avoid burning . Develop suitable machinery for residue management. Development of suitable PACKAGE OF PRACTICES for new tillage technologies. Research and Extension systems must work hand in hand to serve rice-wheat system ecology and its environment. Slide19:  THE WAY FORWARD PROMOTE RESOURCE CONSERVING TECHNOLOGIES AS STRATEGY TO SUSTAIN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND IMPROVE LIVELIHOODS IN RURAL AREAS . THANK YOU:  THANK YOU

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