Published on January 25, 2008
Slide1: How do We Get a Non-Wind Renewable Energy “Goal” For Texas John Hoffner Knock People on the head with it!: Knock People on the head with it! VIDEO First a Little History on How we got to where we are:: First a Little History on How we got to where we are: 1978 PURPA – Federal Rule that gave all customers the right to Interconnect 1985 – TEXAS PUC approves the Texas Net Metering Rule: 50 kW or less renewable generator on your site – then utility required to offer net metering (net billing) Not much DG Installed, Why?: Not much DG Installed, Why? Texas Net Metering and Interconnect rules did not define specifics and requirements for relationship between customer and utility. Local utility had the authority to set rule. ROAD BLOCKS: Insurance, excessive hoops to jump, technical requirements because of lack of technology trust and understanding, low electricity prices A period of Preparing for FUTURE:: A period of Preparing for FUTURE: 1984 – 1996 A lot of demonstration projects with PV and wind. A lot of research, but not much distributed renewables. 1996 – The Deliberative Poles Utilities universally discovered that customers wanted more renewables and efficiency. THEN – 1999 the DEREG BILL: THEN – 1999 the DEREG BILL With the SB 7, Texas approved a landmark Renewable Portfolio Standard: “GOAL” of 2000 MW of New Renewables by year 2009. PUC set rules to get to GOAL. Implemented the Renewable Energy Credit (REC) program which was a resounding success and we have met or exceeded the goal. Mostly, large wind, No distributed solar, wind or biomass… DG Rules and Regulations : : DG Rules and Regulations : With Utility Deregulation – it was not clear how net metering fit it ???? With breakup of utilities, not clear who should implement it. PUC Set Distributed Generation Rules for Interconnection: PUC Rule 25.211 Interconnection of On-site Distributed Generation (DG) PUC Rule 25.212 Technical Requirements for Interconnection and Parallel Operation of On-Site Distributed Generation (DG) DG handbook But, no real increase in DG – no incentives, not manditory, and did not set GOALS OR TARGETS 2005 Legislature: 2005 Legislature SB 20 – approved: Increased state “Goal” to 5000 MW - of which a “Target” of 500 MW of non-wind renewables would be met. What is a “Target” Vs “GOAL”? TREIA decided that “Most legislatures don’t wish to miss their “Target” – particularly Texans. The Bill Went to The TEXAS PUC : The Bill Went to The TEXAS PUC TREIA formed a committee called the “500 MW Non-wind subcommittee” Our first step was to establish that Goal = Target = we want to achieve it!!! We seemed to have agreement among the stakeholders. TREIA put Forth a Plan:: TREIA put Forth a Plan: Reach the 500 MW Target through an extension o the existing REC program. Non-wind would be allocated more RECs per MWh to create incentive and market, and, Retail providers would be required to purchase a percentage of the non-wind RECs for compliance Separate set aside for solar To date – no PUC rule published TREIA 2007 – Leg. Plan : TREIA 2007 – Leg. Plan Solar needs specific Goals – since it offers most benefits and needs boost now. Small wind under 150 kW need Goal Need incentives to promote customer-side of the meter DG Need to incentives for on-site and larger-scale biomass and geothermal Plan for 2007: Plan for 2007 Set the state’s Goal for Renewable Energy at 10,000 MW of new renewable electricity capacity by 2025 which must include a combination of at least 1,000 MW of non-wind renewables, and discreet wind installations under 150 kW in size.. Cont’d: Cont’d Of the 1,000 MW, require that: 700 MW should be dedicated to renewable energy generation installed on the utility-side of the meter; 300 MW should be dedicated to customer-side of the meter generation, of which 100 MW should be dedicated to solar energy production. The 100 MW of customer-side of the meter solar energy should be supported through incentive mechanisms funded in the same manner as the current Goal for Energy Efficiency A more Persuasive plan…: A more Persuasive plan… Than knocking people on the head with batteries...