Recorded Hypertension slideshow (1)

Information about Recorded Hypertension slideshow (1)

Published on July 26, 2014

Author: christopherlbybe



Hypertension: Hypertension What every nurse needs to know Prevalence of hypertension by state: Prevalence of hypertension by state Hypertension (HTN) is a major health care issue in the U.S.: Hypertension (HTN) is a major health care issue in the U.S. Hypertension increases the risk for heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure Nurses can play can an important role in patient education Factors that increase risk for HTN: Factors that increase risk for HTN Factors that cannot be controlled Age Race Gender Factors that can be controlled: Factors that can be controlled Weight Diabetes Obesity Smoking Alcohol consumption Stress levels Sodium intake Diet: Diet DASH diet Diet Approaches Stop Hypertension Alcohol consumption: Alcohol consumption Limit alcohol intake One drink per day for women and Two drinks per day for men (Men metabolize alcohol better than women. Exercise: Exercise Encourage patients to exercise 30-60 minutes 5-6 days per week Exercise should be moderate such as walking, biking, swimming, elliptical, etc. Exercise should be fun, or patient won’t make it a way of life More on exercise: More on exercise Instruct patient to start an exercise program gradually For example: week one, walk one block, walk home. Week two, walk two blocks and walk home Continue to advance as tolerated Smoking: Smoking Advise patient to stop smoking Reassure that it usually takes three attempts before smoker is able to quit. There are some medications to make it easier Obesity: Weight loss should include both diet and exercise Any diet that the patient chooses will work as long as they follow it consistently Many people have success with the Weight Watchers program Obesity Sodium intake: Sodium intake High sodium intake causes people to retain water and therefore increase blood pressure Learn to read food labels in order to make wise decisions Canned soups usually have high sodium content Stress level: Stress level Encourage patients to discover what helps them decrease stress Some ideas are: Listening to music (Mozart? Beatles?) Visiting with friends or family Go for a walk in the woods Hot bath A good book Medications: Medications When diet and exercise fail to control blood pressure, drugs may be prescribed by doctor Sometimes more than one medication is needed Other resources: Other resources Patients may need to see: A dietitian A personal trainer AA Call smoking cession help line A social worker

Related presentations