Redistricting 1

Information about Redistricting 1

Published on January 11, 2008

Author: Tommaso

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Copyright 2005 LWVO Gerrymandering:  Gerrymandering Where do we draw the district lines? -or- Why redistricting should be important to you! Gerrymandering:  Gerrymandering The act of dividing an area into election units to give one political party an electoral majority in a large number of districts while concentrating the voting strength of the opposition in as few districts as possible. Gargoyles out…:  Gargoyles out… …Doughnuts and Ink Blots in:  …Doughnuts and Ink Blots in Montgomery County, Ohio 18th Congressional District, Texas Gerry- mandering… the possibilities are endless:  Gerry- mandering… the possibilities are endless The candidates pick the voters instead of the voters picking the candidates.:  The candidates pick the voters instead of the voters picking the candidates. Effects of Gerrymandering:  Effects of Gerrymandering Less competitive elections. Less accountability from elected officials. Less representative governments. The vote is diluted with gerrymandering. Less Competitive Elections:  Less Competitive Elections In the past 3 election cycles, an average of only 7 out of 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives were defeated. Nationally, only about 50 seats can be described as competitive. Less Competitive Elections:  Less Competitive Elections The number of U.S. House of Representatives seats that changed parties over various four-year election periods - out of 435 seats Less Competitive Elections:  Less Competitive Elections Ohio’s Congressional Seats Ohio’s Senate Seats Ohio’s House Seats Ohio’s President’s race Wide Margins of Victory except for Presidential Race 2004 Elections Margin of Victory Less Accountability Among Elected Officials:  Incumbents are very safe despite state-wide problems Legislators are more concerned about party ideology than finding common ground Less Accountability Among Elected Officials Less Accountability Among Elected Officials:  Less Accountability Among Elected Officials Runaway Victories - Lopsided districts where one party is almost guaranteed victory are growing. Percentage of Incumbents Winning by 60% or more. Slide14:  “Gerrymandering is discriminatory districting practiced to inflate one party’s strength and to dilute the other party’s strength… Why run hard if you can win by running easy? Why run hard when you can rig the race before it begins?” Mike Curtin; Columbus Dispatch; LWVO SHD 2005 Less Representative Government:  Less Representative Government Ohio Senate Districts Less Representative Government:  Less Representative Government The doughnut district story… Montgomery County, Ohio Less Representative Government:  Less Representative Government The Dayton Daily News reported: 2 - 1 ratio of one political party Term limits - not a solution In other words…:  In other words… The fix is in. Voting Rights Act and Minority-Controlled Districts :  Voting Rights Act and Minority-Controlled Districts • Enacted by Congress in 1965 • The Act was amended in 1982 to require that certain jurisdictions take steps to give minority voters an opportunity to elect candidates of their choice. Voting Rights Act and Minority-Controlled Districts :  Voting Rights Act and Minority-Controlled Districts • But has the Voting Rights Act made a difference? • The VRA is set to expire and be reauthorized next year How Ohio Districts Are Currently Drawn:  The role of the Ohio Constitution How Ohio Districts Are Currently Drawn How Ohio Districts Are Currently Drawn:  How Ohio Districts Are Currently Drawn General Assembly district lines Apportionment Board Congressional Districts Legislative Process Candidates should have to sweat!:  Candidates should have to sweat! Redistricting Reform:  Redistricting Reform Redistricting reform is no panacea, but it is a start. Redistricting Reform:  Redistricting Reform Possibilities What the LWV Supports:  What the LWV Supports Taking the politics out of the process. Slide27:  Democracy is not a spectator sport. Voters have a responsibility to learn about the issues in order to make informed choices. League of Women Voters of Ohio

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