reported speech (1)

Information about reported speech (1)

Published on July 16, 2014

Author: neerudhiman77

Source: authorstream.com

Content

PowerPoint Presentation: Reported Speech What is Reported Speech?: What is Reported Speech? Reported Speech is a way how we report what someone has said by changing some of the words said , but retaining the same meaning . PowerPoint Presentation: Could you help me? What did Alan ask us? Alan asked us to help him. Directed Speech Reported Speech / Indirected Speech Reported requests, offers….: Reported requests, offers …. When we report offers, promises, threats etc, we can use the structure: Reporting verb + to-infinitive PowerPoint Presentation: Can I help you? What did the woman say to us? She offered to help us. reporting verb to-infinitive ***Notice***: *** Notice*** The reporting verbs that we can use in this structure include: Offer, promise, agree, refuse etc. PowerPoint Presentation: I’ll work harder What did Jacky say? He promised to work harder. Reported orders, requests….: Reported orders, requests …. When we report orders, requests, warnings, advice, invitations etc, we can use the structure: Reporting verb + object + to infinitive PowerPoint Presentation: Can you tell me how to read the word, John? The girl asked John to tell her how to read the word. Notice : The change of pronouns What did the girl say? reporting verb + object + to-infinitive ***Notice***: *** Notice*** The reporting verbs that we can use in this structure include: tell, ask, order, warn, remind, advise, invite etc. PowerPoint Presentation: Amy, I think you should do your homework. What did mother say to Amy? Mother advised Amy to do her homework. Reporting negative orders, promises, advices…..: Reporting negative orders, promises, advices ….. In negative orders, promises, requests,etc, we use the structure: not + to-infinitive PowerPoint Presentation: Don’t eat too much sweet . What did the dentist ask Joe? The dentist asked Joe not to eat too much sweet. not + to-infinitive Changes of pronouns : Changes of pronouns In reported speech, we usually need to change the pronouns (e.g. I, you, me, this, these, etc) and possessive adjectives (e.g. my, your, etc). We usually change the pronouns from : However we do not need to change the 1 st person pronoun I when the speaker is reporting his/her own words. 1 st person (I, me) 2 nd person (you, your) 3 rd person (we, us) PowerPoint Presentation: Please be careful when you pass me the box . What did the woman say to the man? She asked him to be careful when he passes her the box. PowerPoint Presentation: Oral Drills PowerPoint Presentation: I’ll work out the programme in two minutes. What did Joan promise? Joan promised to work out the programme in two minutes. PowerPoint Presentation: I’ll sign the contract. What did the man agree? He agreed to sign the contract. PowerPoint Presentation: Let me teach you. What did Jackie say? Jacky offered to teach the children / them . PowerPoint Presentation: Please pass me the bandage, David. What did the doctor say? The doctor asked David to pass him the bandage. PowerPoint Presentation: Mr. Chan, you shouldn’t smoke again. What did the doctor advise Mr. Chan ? The doctor advised Mr. Chan not to smoke again. PowerPoint Presentation: Tim, don’t shoot the balloons. What did Susan say? She asked Tim to get her down. Please get me down, Tim She asked Tim not to shoot the balloons. She asked Tim to get her down and not to shoot the balloons. PowerPoint Presentation: Don’t be afraid. What did the vet say? He asked the dog not to be afraid. Don’t move. He asked the dog not to move He asked the dog not to be afraid and move. Relevant Website: Relevant Website http://www.edunet.com/english/grammar/rep5.cfm PowerPoint Presentation: The End

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