Published on August 9, 2020
1. CURRENT SITUATION OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA KHAIRUN NASRIAH AZMI (GS53289)
2. Content Outline • Current Situations • New Clusters in Malaysia • Current Public Perceptions • Risk Management • Risk Mitigation
3. Current Situation in Malaysia • As of 19 July 2020, Malaysia had a total of 8779 confirmed cases and 123 deaths. • 8553 cases have recovered, and 2 cases are in intensive care. • The states with the highest number of reported cases are Kuala Lumpur(2450), Selangor (2103), Negeri Sembilan (1027) and Johor (702)
4. Current Situation in Malaysia 3 NEW CLUSTERS DETECTED AT MALAYSIA!!
5. New Clusters in Malaysia (24/07/2020) PUI Ramnad in Kuala Lumpur • This cluster index case is of a Malaysian citizen who returned to Malaysia from India on July 6 (Case 8,817). A Covid-19 screening at KLIA was found to be negative. He followed the Home Surveillance Order (HSO) and started experiencing mild symptoms on July 19. • “The 13th day HSO screening was found to be positive and he was admitted to Sungai Buloh Hospital in Selangor. Following that, a close contact investigation and screening was conducted. So far, 18 people have been screened and they are made up of six family members and 12 passengers of the aircraft,” Dr Noor Hisham said in reference to the PUI Ramnad cluster. • The two of whom are family members have since tested positive, with 13 others testing negative and three others still awaiting their test results.
6. New Clusters in Malaysia (24/07/2020) The Elsa cluster • Involved a foreigner (Case 8,839), who is a ship crew, with an air travel history from the Philippines, transiting in Korea. He had entered the country on July 16 to work. • Dr Noor Hisham said that the patient’s Covid-19 test results in the Philippines came back negative, and the latter then travelled to Kuantan by plane, where he spent the night in a hotel, before being brought to undergo quarantine onboard his ship, after getting approval from the Marine Department. • Five days after that, on July 20, he began showing symptoms. He tested positive on July 22 and was admitted to Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Hospital in Pahang. • Following that, contact tracing was done and a total of 108 people were screened, whereby three were found Covid-19 positive, involving two foreigners and one Malaysian, 48 tested negative while 57 are awaiting their results
7. New Clusters in Malaysia (24/07/2020) PUI Al Khobar cluster • originated from a Malaysian who had returned here from Saudi Arabia on July 10 (Case 8,803). He had intially tested negative at the KLIA entry gate. • “He underwent the HSO together with five family members at home, whereby five of them too had just returned from Saudi Arabia, together with him, in the same plane. Two other family members also live together in the house. • “The index case began experiencing symptoms on July 18 and tested positive for Covid-19 on July 20. Following that, seven other family members were screened, whereby one tested positive for Covid-19, while six others tested negative,” Dr Noor Hisham said, adding that investigations and contact tracing activities are ongoing, including tracing other airline passengers who had travelled together with the index case.
8. Government & Expertise Roles • From March 2020 to July 2020, there was declining in COVID-19 cases in Malaysia. • WHY? Fast Mitigation Action and continuous prevention action by expertise and government Awareness of Malaysians
9. Spiked Cases Since Middle of July 2020….. WHY??
10. Why This happen?? • The decrease in cases of COVID-19 bring leisure to the Malaysian • Open up the various facilities and entertainment medium • The irresponsible quarantine people that leisurely out from their quarantine place during the quarantine period • Take lightly for the COVID-19 risks Don’t celebrate too early for this battle
11. Risk Management in Malaysia • Maintain to close the border for non-Malaysia • Always and keep reminding Malaysian to follow SOP outside their home • Quarantine the Malaysian after get back from overseas • Disclose any patients information to avoid dispute • Educate Malaysian on current information on COVID-19 • The government and public figure role in reminding the publics
12. Preventive Measures in Malaysia • ✓ Wash hands frequently with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer • ✓ Wear face mask and gloves • ✓ Maintain physical distancing of 1metre • ✓ Mass gatherings have been stopped • ✓ Cover mouth and nose with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when coughing or sneezing • ✓ Avoid touching eyes, mouth, or nose • ✓ Avoid handshaking • ✓ Stay at home if immunocompromised or has comorbidities • ✓ Avoid traveling to COVID-19 affected areas or countries • ✓ Self-isolate at home for 14 days upon return from overseas if symptomatic • ✓ Screen for COVID-19 after a person returns from a foreign country • ✓ Avoid spreading false information regarding COVID-19
13. Governments effort to fight COVID-19 and Mitigation action to convince public that COVID-19 is not over! • Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin has indicated the possibility of introducing a new law to mandate wearing face masks in public spaces, amid fresh Covid- 19 outbreaks in Malaysia. • The prime minister also pointed out that in the workplace, employers must always remind employees to comply with the prescribed standard operating procedures (SOP).
14. • Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah wants the rakyat (people) to comply with the guidelines set by the National Security Council (MKN) and the Health Ministry to curb the spread of Covid-19 following more sectors being allowed to reopen today. • the King also urged the people to be disciplined in practising the “new normal” and self-regulation to stop the spread of the novel coronavirus.
15. Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO)….. • In the Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO) period, the economic and social sectors resumed in stages in the country. The first phase of school reopening took place on June 24 for students sitting for examinations, followed by most secondary school students and Years 5 and 6 of pr • Strict movement restrictions were implemented in stages under the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988 and the Police Act 1967. imary schools on July 15.
16. Movement Control Order (MCO) in Malaysia • ✓ People were prohibited from attending mass gatherings such as religious, sports, social, and cultural events. All places of worship and businesses were closed temporarily. However, people could buy essential goods at markets, supermarkets, grocery shops and convenience stores. • ✓ People were required to undergo health screening for the detection of COVID-19 and self-isolate after returning from overseas. • ✓ Foreign tourists and visitors were forbidden entry to Malaysia. • ✓ Kindergartens, government, and private schools including daily schools, boarding schools, international schools, tahfiz centers, other primary, secondary and pre-university institutions were all closed. • ✓ Public and higher education institutions and skill training institutes nationwide were closed. • ✓ Government and private premises were closed except for essential services (water, electricity, energy, telecommunications, postal, transportation, irrigation, oil, gas, fuel, lubricants, broadcasting, finance, banking, health, pharmacy, fire, prison, port, airport, safety, defense, cleaning, retail and food supply).
17. Preventive Psychological stress during pandemic outbreak of COVID-19 in Malaysia • ✓ Eat healthy food • ✓ Drink lots of water • ✓ Do regular physical exercise indoors • ✓ Perform deep breathing exercises • ✓ Practice yoga/meditation • ✓ Listen to music • ✓ Be artistic and expressive • ✓ Read books • ✓ Cook and bake (new recipes) • ✓ Spend quality time with family members • ✓ Talk with friends
18. Current Situation in Malaysia • Since the cases declining lately, there were public negligence and non-compliance with government directives and advice in dealing with this pandemic • The people under Home Surveillance Order (HSO) do not obeyed the order • It shown that, from 7th July 2020 till 20th July 2020, 24.8% of people under HSO do not access application of Home Surveillance tools for 14 days • Almost 10% of the people from overseas that return to Malaysia do not do the second testing and screening or COVID-19 at 13th day of the order • it seems more people are eating at restaurants, shopping at supermarkets and returning to work in the office act carelessly and do not follow the SOP
19. What to do? • society plays a key role in eliminating the COVID-19 chain • Comply with the SOP provided • Citizens are encouraged to continue to report the party violating the SOP to the authorities for appropriate action • Together we fight this pandemic COVID-19!