Published on August 9, 2020
1. 4.Write a report (format: Power point) on the current situation of COVID-19 in Malaysia. Six reports shown below (Fig. 2) has been prepared for you previously. Write this report as if it is Report #7. The is no limitation on the number of pages. (40 marks)
2. #7 CURRENT STATUS OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Prepared by, Norhanan Syahirah Che Rozali, MsE
3. DISEASE PROFILE Agent Name novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 Infection respiratory infection to human, pneumonia ORIGIN of CASE 1. First cases of COVID-19 became known in the mid to late December 2019. 2. Unsual severe respiratory disease was recognized in Wuhan, the Hubei Province in China. 3. December 31, 2019, China informed the World Health Organization (WHO) and that was a first notice to the world. 4. The virus infected by bats from wet market in Wuhan (sold exotic animals).
4. Ø Define as time from exposure to the development of symptoms. Ø Estimated between 2 and 14 days. 14 DAYS SELF-QUARANTINE PERIOD
5. ASYMPTOMATIC TRANSMISSION SYMPTOMATIC § Person who infected with COVID-19 developed signs and symptoms compatible with COVID-19 virus infection. § Transmission from a person while they are experiencing symptoms. Person who infected with COV I D - 1 9 w h o d o e s n o t develop any symptom. Transmission of the virus from a person who does not develop any symptom.
6. COVID 19 BACKGROUND IN MALAYSIA v First case of COVID-19 was detected on 24 January. v The identification of 22 cases Ø12 cases had a travel history to affected countries and regions. Ø8 cases were close contacts. Ø2 were from humanitarian mission. v The other cases followed by second wave, third wave and so on.
7. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA v Total Number of Cases COVID- 19 in Malaysia
8. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA CURRENT
9. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 2,430 Cases: 2,024
10. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 1,015 Cases: 688
11. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 570 Cases: 366
12. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 258Cases: 365
13. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 156 Cases: 256
14. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 111Cases: 121
15. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 97 Cases: 96
16. STATISTIC OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA Cases: 18Cases: 17
17. MITIGATION ACTIONS FROM MALAYSIA GOVERNMENT 1. Middle-income countries like Malaysia had focused on basic available public health tools. 2. Early planning and preparedness contributed to the low number of deaths. a. coordination with public health teams. b. plans for renovation of hospital for surge capacity. c. plans for procurement reagents 3. Increased the number and capacity of diagnostic laboratories. 4. Increased the number of hospitals treating COVID-19 patients. a. from 26 to 40 hospital. b. 7 full function for COVID-19 hospitals.
18. 5. Increased the screening number to 53%. 6. Increased the ventilator number to 49%. 7. Hospitalized all individual diagnosed as COVID-19 positive. a. symptomatic patient b. asymptomatic patient 8. Identify the do's and dont's in COVID-19 response, including in terms of treatment. 9. Strictly close and guard the international gates for any internation entrance and exit. MITIGATION ACTIONS FROM MALAYSIA GOVERNMENT
19. MITIGATION ACTIONS FROM MALAYSIA GOVERNMENT 10. Project Movement Control Order (MCO) phase by phase. a. Phase 1: Restriction of Movement Order (RMO) Ø Effective from March 18 - 31 b. Phase 2: Movement Control Order (MCO) 2 Ø Effective from April 1 - 14
20. MITIGATION ACTIONS FROM MALAYSIA GOVERNMENT 10. Project Movement Control Order (MCO) phase by phase. c. Phase 3: Movement Control Order (MCO) 3 Ø Effective from April 15 - 28 d. Phase 4, 5 & 6: MCO 4 & Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO) 5 & 6 Ø (Effective from April 29 - June 9)
21. MITIGATION ACTIONS FROM MALAYSIA GOVERNMENT 10. Project Movement Control Order (MCO) phase by phase. e. Phase 7: Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) Ø Effective from June 10 - August 31 vAllowed • Interstate travel, except for areas under EMCO. • Business operations with adherence of SOPs. • All government services fully operational. • Outdoor commercial and religious activities. • Schools nationwide will be reopened per stage. • Meetings and workshops. • Mosque and prayer halls. vNot Allowed • Foreign travel (maintain strict border controls). • Mass social gatherings. • Sport competitions and with contact sports.
22. MITIGATION ACTIONS FROM MALAYSIAN Stay at home Practive social distancing Wear mask in public Obey to MCO ordered by government Practice hygiene Use handsanitizer in public
23. 1) Malaysian who back from oversea do not obey 14 days home quarantine. 2) Malaysian do not attend second screening at 13 days home quarantine. 3) Percentage of practicing social d i sta n c i n g a n d w e a r i n g m a s k decreasing. 4) Level of compliance from Malaysian decreasing.
24. QUICK ACTION FROM MALAYSIA GOVERNMENT 1. Tighten the SOP of RMCO. 2. C ha rge p e n a l t i e s to anyone disobey the rule given by government. 3. Collaboration with PDRM to monitor the SOP of upcoming festival. 4. C o m p u l s o r y t h e quarantine in Quaratine Station.
25. REFERENCES covid-19.moh.gov..my/terkini WHO. 2020. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Situation Report - 73. Official Facebook Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia https://www.outbreak.my/states https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/01/559759/one-more-positive-coronavirus-case-malaysia-bringing-total-4 https://www.doylestownhealth.org/about/news/health-news-and-blog/social-distancing-stay-home-stay-safe-protect-others https://www.flandersinvestmentandtrade.com/export/nieuws/corona-virus-%E2%80%93-situation-malaysia https://www.bernama.com/en/infographics/index.php?v=6659 https://www.mdbc.com.my/mco-updates/ https://www.bernama.com/en/infographics/index.php?v=6216 https://www.pmo.gov.my/2020/03/movement-control-order/ https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/03/23/covid-19-current-situation-in-malaysia-updated-daily h t t p s : / / w w w . w h o . i n t / m a l a y s i a / e m e r g e n c i e s / c o r o n a v i r u s - d i s e a s e - ( c o v i d - 1 9 ) - i n - malaysia#:~:text=This%20new%20strain%20was%20unknown,to%20respond%20to%20this%20outbreak. https://www.google.com/amp/s/theconversation.com/amp/how-long-are-you-infectious-when-you-have-coronavirus-135295 h t t p s : / / w w w. g o o g l e . c o m / u r l ? s a = t & s o u r c e = w e b & r c t = j & u r l = h t t p s : / / w w w.w h o . i n t / d o c s / d e f a u l t - s o u r c e / w p r o - - - documents/countries/malaysia/coronavirus-disease-(covid-19)-situation-reports-in-malaysia/situation-report-malaysia-29-april-2020- final.pdf%3Fsfvrsn%3Ddbd4fe24_4&ved=2ahUKEwis75qziOrqAhXz4XMBHaFaCc4QFjAAegQIBBAC&usg=AOvVaw2oFaBZpbNNZpo9jhWdnylZ&cshid=1595 738371031