Published on August 9, 2020
1. The current situation of COVID-19 in Malaysia Prepared by: Muhammad Zulhilmi Bin Jamalus COVID-19
2. COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by the recently found virus known as SARS- CoV-2 (or coronavirus). Before the outbreak originated in Wuhan, China on December 2019, there was no information about this virus COVID-19 —DR. TEDROS ADHANOM GHEBREYESUS, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION’S DIRECTOR GENERAL
3. The first wave of infection started on 24 January 2020, with the identification of 22 cases. • 12 had a travel history to affected countries and regions • 8 cases were close contacts • 2 were from a humanitarian mission 11 days with no cases, from 16 to 26 February 2020 The second wave began on 27 February 2020 and is still ongoing BACKGROUND OF COVID-19 IN MALAYSIA
4. DRY COUGHHIGH FEVER Irritation and constant coughing without expelling any mucus The body feels completely tired and without energy to perform normal tasks The body temperature can exceed 37.3 Celsius degrees or 99 Fahrenheit degrees SYMPTOMS OF COVID-19 TIREDNESS
5. Many people infected with COVID-19 show mild symptoms, especially during the first stages of the disease. Thus, you can still catch the disease from an infected person who only has a mere cough and does not feel ill ASYMPTOMATIC PEOPLE
6. ABOUT CORONAVIRUS Infectious rate of coronavirus in Malaysia . The R0 (pronounced R-naught) measures how contagious an infectious disease is by looking at the average number of people a sick person will infect. R0 of Covid-19 in the country was 3.55. The R0 of the Covid-19 outbreak has been brought down to 0.3. (Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah,May,13)
7. Last updated: July 23, 2020, 15:04 GMT Cases in Malaysia
8. Public knowledge, attitudes, and Perceptions towards COVID-19 Most participants knew that people who had contact with an infected person should be immediately isolated for a period of 14 days (99.1%) Only 43.3% of participants answered correctly when asked if the virus was airborne 35.7% answered correctly when asked if eating and touching wild animals could result in infection
9. Would Malaysia be able to win its battle against the virus???? majority of participants agreed that COVID-19 would successfully be controlled (83.1%) 14% of participants were unsure whether the virus would be controlled smaller number of participants disagreed that it would be successfully controlled (2.1%)
10. Risk communication in an outbreak Risk communications and engagement Risk communication is an integral part of any emergency response. It is the real-time exchange of information, advice and opinions between experts, community leaders, or officials and the people who are at risk • make sure people have the right information • effective risk communications should be clear and easy to understand • Managing an excess of information that makes it hard to know what’s trustworthy • Panic about COVID-19 has its own consequences that are harmful to outbreak control
11. Risk mitigation measures Risk mitigation is an interdisciplinary decision- making process based on information from risk and exposure assessment (Bruinen de Bruin et al., 2007). Trying to prepare for the future by looking at countries that are ahead in the course of the pandemic and learning from their experiences (Wu and McGoogan, 2020).
12. ABOUT 80% OF PEOPLE RECOVER FROM THIS DISEASE WITHOUT NEEDING SPECIAL TREATMENT
13. PREVENTION MEASURES
14. Cover your mouth and your nose with your bent elbow or a tissue when coughing Seek medical attention if you have difficulty breathing and a high fever Follow the directions of your national or local health authorities Wash your hands with an alcohol-based sanitizer or with soap and water Keep a distance of at least 1 meter between yourself and anyone who coughs or sneezes Try your best not to touch your eyes, your nose and your mouth PREVENTING THE SPREAD OF THE DISEASE
15. PROTECTION MEASURES FOR PEOPLE THAT ARE IN OR VISITED INFECTED AREAS 01 02 Stay home if you do not feel well, even if you feel mild symptoms such as headaches, slight fever and a runny nose If you need to go out (for example, to buy food or supplies), wear a mask to minimize the risk of infecting others 03 04 If you have difficulty breathing and/or a high fever, seek medical advice as soon as possible Call your provider and inform them of any recent travel, especially to countries with reported cases
16. Risk Management . Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing and controlling threats.
17. Risk management - Malaysia has conducted among the highest number of Covid- 19 screenings in Asean, with 424,306 individuals tested to date May,15 - This is a ratio of 13 people screened per 1,000 people. - COVID-19 is compared with two related coronavirus epidemics, SARS and MERS, in terms of the number of reported human infections, deaths, countries, major country clusters, timelines, and the likelihood of discovering a safe, effective, and approved vaccine
18. RISK MANAGEMENT MoH played a crucial role in ensuring maximum readiness to contain the spread of the virus. STEP 01 enforced came under the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988 and the Police Act 1967 STEP 02 setting up of a special fund known as the COVID-19 Fund, to raise money to be channelled to patients STEP 03 COVID-19 outbreak in Malaysia Actions taken by the Malaysian government
19. Economic Action Council meeting held on March 23, 2020, announcing the RM250billion PRIHATINPackage RISK MANAGEMENT set up aprovisional hospital in the Agro Exposition Park Serdang (MAEPS)in coordination with The National Disaster Management Agency. STEP 04 STEP 05 COVID-19 outbreak in Malaysia
20. CHRONOLOGY MOVEMENT CONTROL ORDER On June 7, 2020, the Prime Minister announced Recovery Movement Control Order (RMCO) effective June 10, 2020 through August 31, 2020 .
21. Compliance rate involving the Movement Control Order (MCO) has seen improvement rate to touch the 95 per cent level- Mar,20:Senior Minister Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob MCO SITUATION IN MALAYSIA
22. Conclusion This COVID-19 pandemic outbreak continues to have a strong impact on the health, economy, trade, and tourism industries To date, there is no specific treatment for COVID-19 Working together to combat the spread of COVID-19; i.e. the whole-of-government & whole-of-society approaches STAY HOME, STAY SAFE, STAY HEALTHY
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