Published on February 21, 2016
slide 1: TH E R O L E O F IN F O R M AT IC S IN DE C R E A S I N G HEA LT HC A R E DI S PA R I T I E S PROFE SSOR L I N DA SC H U B E RT 2/21/16 NU R 3 5 3 MY RE T T E MI C H E L AN D AMAN DA LU I SI slide 2: In this new era of alacrity every aspect of life has been impacted by technology. Using informatics in the healthcare arena has significantly improve the quality of patient care. Benefits of EHR are various in terms of patient care on an individual organizational and administrative levels. EHRs are often heralded as the cornerstone of modern healthcare provision although their development and implementation still remains an international challenge. Healthcare Disparities is defines as the difference between groups of people for healthcare access coverage and quality. INTRODUCTION slide 3: HEALTH CARE DISPARITIES • It is important for us to address healthcare disparities as out population is becoming more diverse over the years. • Disparities in healthcare typically happen in minority populations but also occur based on age sex socioeconomic status disability and sexual orientation. • Minority populations including black Hispanic American Indian and low- income individuals are more likely to be uninsured receive poorer care encounter barriers to healthcare and experience worse outcomes. slide 4: HEALTH INFORMATICS • CPOE - Computerized Physician Order Entry allows physician’s to enter orders directly in a computer system reducing order errors caused by illegible handwriting and increasing patient safety. • E.H.R - Electronic Health Record a lifelong record of a patient’s medical history that can transfer between physician’s offices hospitals and outpatient clinics. • E-Prescribing - allow physicians to send medication orders directly to the pharmacy significantly reducing medication errors. • Telehealth - ability to deliver health information through telecommunication technology. • Clinical decision support systems - assists providers in medication decisions by incorporating patient allergy info vital signs height and weight other current medications and healthcare conditions. • Monitoring Systems - devices that automatically monitor biometric measurements with alarms alerting nurses of significant or abnormal results such as a continuous pulse oximeter. • Radiology Information Systems - provides scheduling of diagnostic tests communication of clinical information generation of client instructions and preparation for procedures transcriptions of results and impressions and tracking of film location. Specialization that acquires stores retrieves and uses healthcare information to provide better and safer patient care. slide 5: E.H.R. Electronic Health Record • Helps in providing care to our demanding patients in a safer and faster manner • Provides efficient and real time services to patients. • Improves quality flexibility and patient safety • Generates information such as patient demographics progress notes. Problems medications vital signs past medical history immunizations laboratory data and radiology reports. • Easily accesses computerized records and eliminates poor penmanship which has historically plagued the medical chart. slide 6: CONTINUED • People with low income and different ethnic group experience the worst healthcare throughout the globe making it difficult for them to keep up with their illnesses • Disparities in health care access exist across socio-demographics groups particularly by race/ethnicity and among those who present themselves with some form of psychological distress. • Electronic access to health records outside of a regular health care visit can provide both general health information and patient specific information such as test results or medication information which may ameliorate disparities. slide 7: NURSES’ ROLE IN E.H.R. IMPLEMENTATION • Ensure its meaningful use and extract data to improve patient care. • Advocate for patients and able to look at problems and workflow through the eyes of the different caregivers on the health team. • Make sure that E.H.R systems are fully functional and meeting the end-user requirements. • Help in designing the system to complement the ideal workflow. slide 8: CONCLUSION • In conclusion informatics attempt to decreases Healthcare disparities through transparency as government programs mandate that clients have access to their health care records. Now with technology people have more access to computers in accessing their health record but still that does not eliminate the facts that Blacks Hispanics and other people of low socioeconomics status do not have regular access to computers as higher social economics individuals. Many plans have been put into action to attempt to address disparities in healthcare such as HHS Disparities Action Plan The Affordable Care Act and REACH. slide 9: • Luchenski S. A. Reed J. E. Marston C. Papoutsi C.Majeed A. Bell D. 2013. Patient and public views on electronic health records and their uses in the United Kingdom: cross sectional survey . Journal of Medical Internet Research J Med Internet Res 158: e160-e160. 1p. • Rezaeibagha F . Win K. T . Susilo W . 2015. A syste-matic literature review on security and privacy of electronic health record systems: technical pers-pectives. Health Information Management Journal 443 23-38 16p.doi:10.12826/18333575.2015.0001 • "Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key Questions And Answers." Disparities in Health and Health Care: Five Key Questions and Answers. The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation 30 Nov. 2012. Web. 21 Feb. 2016. • Garvin Jennifer Odom-Wesley Barbara Rudman William J. Stewart Rachelle S. "Healthcare Disparities and the Role of Personal Health Records" Journal of AHIMA June 2009 web exclusive.