Published on January 19, 2008
A Probe into the Sustainable Agriculture Development Strategy in Hunan: A Probe into the Sustainable Agriculture Development Strategy in Hunan Slide2: Basic Information about Hunan Province Basic Information about Agriculture in Hunan Hunan Province’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan Brief Introduction to Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi Xiangxi Prefecture’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan The Influence of the China-Canada Project on Sustainable Agriculture Development Basic Information about Hunan Province: Basic Information about Hunan Province Location: 108 47' -114 15' east longitude, and 24 39'-30 08' north latitude Total land area: 211,829 km2 (2.2% of the country’s total). Topographically, the province is predominated by mountains and hills, with 51.2% as mountainous areas, 29.3% as hilly areas, 13.1% as plain areas and 6.4% as water areas Total population: 67.80 million Administrative divisions: 13 cities, 1 autonomous prefecture and 122 counties (county-level cities and districts) Basic Information about agriculture in Hunan Province: Basic Information about agriculture in Hunan Province Arable land: 3.834 million hectares; forestland: 9.8611 million hectares; the coverage rate of forest: 53.67%. Climate: Central Asia tropical monsoon humid climate, with an annual average temperature of 16 -18℃; sunlight time 1300-1800 hours; rainfall 1200-1700mm; and frost-free period 260-310 days. farm produces ranking among the top 10 in the country: rice, cotton, rape, ramee, tobacco as well as pork, beef and mutton Soil: predominantly red soil and yellow soil, accounting for over a half of the total area in the province. Hunan’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan: Hunan’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan Overall goal: Build new socialist rural community Specific descriptions: production growth, well-off life, civilized folk lifestyle, clean rural environment and democratic management. I. Development strategy: 1. Priority strategy for development Put priority on development of predominant farm produces and locally-styled farm produces which are highly marketable, such as top-quality rice, top-quality fruits, pigs, vegetables, grass-eating animals and aquatic products. Slide6: II. The quality and safety strategy: 1. Build the quality standard, testing and inspection, certification and authorization system for farm produces 2. Introduce a strict market admittance system for farm produces and agricultural inputs 3. Produce pollution-free, green and organic farm produces to ensure the safety of food and increase the market competitiveness of farm produces III. The processing-pull strategy: 1. Build stronger leading enterprises and make greater efforts to develop the commercialization, treatment and intensive processing of farm produces 2. Increase the added-value of farm produces and create famous brands Slide7: IV. The export-oriented development strategy: Expand international exchange and cooperation, and strengthen the force of attracting more merchants and more investments Increase the exportation of farm produces to link up to international norms V. The training strategy for transfering farmers: Implement “sunshine project” and launch activities of “training for millions of farmers” Develop the labor market economy and promote the transfer of affluent rural labor force Attract migratory laborers to return to their homelands to start new businesses and bring along the development of the secondary and tertiary industries in the rural areas Hunan’s strategy for sustainable agriculture development: Hunan’s strategy for sustainable agriculture development Formulate relevant laws and policies: Carry out and classifying relevant national laws and policies Formulate laws and regulations applicable to the province Refer to the relevant laws and policies of the developed countries Listen to farmers’ opinions Launch technical research, demonstration and extension Demonstrate and extend the national and international technical results Encourage agricultural research institutes and universities to conduct research Build the pilot sites Launch international cooperation Slide9: Launch publicity campaigns Launch publicity campaigns through news media Launch educational activities of popular science , among middle and primary school students Conduct publicity among consumers in the community Provide support for training of farmers and encourage farmers to participate in demonstration Implement conservation programs Training programs of “Sunshine Project” and “Farmers in the New Century” The program of returning arable land to forestland and grassland The program of eco-home construction The program of protecting agricultural biodiversity The program of green farm produces Slide10: Exert the role of NGOs Establish wide contacts with related NGOs Welcome NGOs to participate in project designing and supervision Support farmers’ cooperative organizations to participate in project activities Conduct cooperation with related NGOs in the developed countries international Problems with sustainable agriculture development faced by Hunan and the countermeasures: Problems with sustainable agriculture development faced by Hunan and the countermeasures Per capita resources and the size of agri-business too small (farmers’ average arable land area: 0.6 hectares) Develop the labor-intensive industry into large scale Launch large-scaled training activities for transferring farmers in a planned way Accelerate and aggrandize the development of the processing of farm produces Promote a high-speed development of the secondary and tertiary industries Provide great support for the expansion of medium- and small-sized cities (towns) Put focus on the development of efficient and intensive agriculture Slide12: Imperfect laws system and unclear division of duties Make laws system sound on the basis of extensive survey of public opinions Refer to foreign laws and regulations Increase the transparency of duties and conduct public supervision Clarify the duties of different departments and introduce the responsibility system Strengthen inter-departmental cooperation and clarify powers and duties Establish a supervisory system with all people’s participation Slide13: The severe situation of environmental pollution Increase financial inputs to control the industrial pollution Reduce agricultural production’s pollution on the environment (develop agriculture and animal husbandry in a balanced way and reduce the environmental pollution from chemical fertilizers pesticides and methane, etc) Introduce an integrated use of agricultural wastes Conduct publicity among all people and establish an effective supervisory system for eco-environment Mobilize the whole society to implement the project of environmental protection Slide14: The shortage of money and technology for sustainable agriculture development The government should pay greater attention and provide more inputs Provide more support for research institutes and universities in scientific research Introduce the mature technologies and achievements of the developed countries Foster and train special talented people Raise funds from all sources in order to promote the technologies of sustainable agricultural development Encourage farmers to participate in demonstration, promotion and application Brief Introduction to Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi: Brief Introduction to Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi Total population: 2,666,300, and 2,003,200 of them are ethic minority people, accounting for 75.1% of the total; Tujia people: 1,102,700, and Miao people: 884,300 Land area: 15,462 km2 Location: 109 10'-110 22' east longitude, and 27 44' -29 38' north latitude Administrative divisions: 8 counties (county-level cities), 218 townships and 2,655 villages Brief Introduction to agriculture in Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi: Brief Introduction to agriculture in Tujia-Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi Arable land: 130,900 hectares Climate: sub-tropical monsoon humid climate, with an annual average temperature 15.8-16.9 C , annual rainfall: 1300-1500mm; frost-free period: 271-294 days Rural population: 1,925,100 Agricultural production value: 4.28 billion yuan (2004) Main farm produces: rice, corn, sweet-potato, meat cattle, pig, goat, orange, kiwi berry, etc. Xiangxi Prefecture’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan: Xiangxi Prefecture’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan Guidelines: Carry out the scientific outlook on development, give an overall consideration of both urban and rural development, stick to the principle of “give more, take less and let go”, and provide more policy support for agriculture Adjust the structure of agricultural production, and promote the industrialization of agriculture on the basis of a steadily growing output of food by starting with fruit industry, animal husbandry, tobacco industry and biological pharmacy Strengthen capacity building of agricultural overall production, improve the production and living conditions in the rural areas, and improve the eco-environment Accelerate the pace of technical innovation, deepen the reform of the rural areas, make all possible efforts to increase income for farmers, and try to achieve a harmonious development of the rural economy and society Slide18: Overall goals of development: Maintain a sustainable fast growth of the rural economy to ensure that the added value of the primary industry and the total production value of agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery have an annual growth rate of at least 6%, and that the value in the above two sectors reach 3.5 billion yuan and 5.8 billion yuan in 2010 respectively Optimize the economic structure of agriculture in order to adjust the proportion of the production value of agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry from 58:34:8 in the present to 49:40:11 in 2010 Promote a complete development of social undertakings in the rural areas. By 2010, the rate of urbanization will reach 35%, the 9-year compulsory education will be fully popularized, and the coverage of the new type of rural cooperative medical treatment will reach 80% Farmers’ income and living standard will increase rapidly. By 2010, farmers’ per capita net income will reach 3,900 yuan, and the Engel’s coefficient for farmers will drop to 48%, basically meeting poor people’s demand for food and clothing Focal points of rural work during the 11th Five-year Plan: Focal points of rural work during the 11th Five-year Plan Construction focuses in agricultural sector The cereals & oils sector The animal-raising sector The fruits, vegetables and tea leaves sector The tobacco sector The Chinese medicine sector The highly efficient forestry sector The seeds and seedlings sector Construction focuses in infrastructure The construction of water conservancy facilities The construction of electric power facilities in the rural areas The construction of rural roads The construction of communications facilities in the rural areas The construction of agricultural mechanization The development of meteorology Slide20: Construction focuses of the support systems The conservancy system of agricultural resources and ecological environment The application system of rural education and technical innovation The protection system of animals and plants The quality and safety system of farm produces The market system of agricultural information and farm produces The socialized management system of agriculture Xiangxi Prefecture’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan: Xiangxi Prefecture’s Strategy for Sustainable Agriculture Development during the 11th Five-year Plan Go all round to implement the national and provincial strategies for sustainable agriculture development according to relevant national and provincial laws, policies and regulations Highlight the strategic focuses based on the reality in Xiangxi Prefecture: Train farmers and promote the industrial transfer of rural labor force on a big scale Return cultivation land to grassland and devote great efforts to the development of animal husbandry Increase inputs to the tourism industry to accelerate the development of the tertiary industry Based on the construction of an ecological prefecture, develop the Chinese medicine and its processing industry (intensive processing, medicine manufacturing, etc) Slide22: Adjust the structure of agricultural production, and develop a high-yield, high-quality, high-efficiency, safe and non-polluted agriculture Develop an integrated use of new energies in the rural areas (biogas, solar energy, wind energy, etc) Accelerate the construction of farmers’ specialized organizations, increase income of farmers, expand the scale of production, and increase farmers’ organizational level. Conduct international cooperation and introduce the advanced technologies, new ideas and management methods of the developed countries to promote sustainable agricultural development The Influence of the China-Canada Project (Phase II) on Sustainable Agriculture Development in Xiangxi: The Influence of the China-Canada Project (Phase II) on Sustainable Agriculture Development in Xiangxi Conduct training according to the prefecture’s agricultural plans during the 11th Five-year Plan Introduce the advanced technologies and new ideas of the developed countries in sustainable agricultural development Train personnel in sustainable agriculture development and update the ideas of agriculture development Establish pilot points to promote the technologies of sustainable agriculture development (which will influence similar areas in the province and in the whole country) Accelerate the pace of sustainable agriculture development in the prefecture Thank you!Welcome you to Hunan!: Thank you! Welcome you to Hunan!