SecondaryCompoundsTe rpenes

Information about SecondaryCompoundsTe rpenes

Published on January 10, 2008

Author: Renzo

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Terpenes :  Terpenes By Heather Johnston, Becky Jodrey, Ryan Jensen What are Terpenes?:  What are Terpenes? Naturally occurring hydrocarbons produced by plants, insects, and animals Emitted by the leaves of plants as a natural bi-product of metabolism Lots and Lots of different types. What are Terpenes:  What are Terpenes Used as: Insecticides Fragrances and Perfumes Food Additives Aroma therapy Cleaning Products (Pinesol) Medicines Terpene Structure:  Terpene Structure Basic formula C5H8 Can be linked head to tail in linear chains or rings (C5H8)n C5 Rule N= number of linked isoprene units Types:  Types Monoterpenes 10 carbons Used as topical pain and itch reliever Menthol (from Mint family of plants) Used as disinfectent and deoderant Borneol (from Pine oil) Types:  Types Sesquiterpene 15 Carbons Santonin Photosensitizer from Wormwood Gossypol Male contraceptive from Cotton seeds Types:  Types Diterpenes 20 Carbons Taxol- an anti cancer drug From bark of Pacific Yew Phorbol- Considered a cocarcinogen From many of the Euphorbs in their latex contains potent skin irritants Types:  Types Triterpenes 30 Carbons Bruceantin- occurs in plants as glycosides Have been investigated for the treatment of cancers Steroids are modified triterpenes Testosterone, Progesterone, and Cortisone Types:  Types Polyterpenes Many Carbons Found in the latex of the Rubber Tree Produces Rubber Tetraterpenes 40 Carbons Found in the red pigments of tomatos Lycopene- antioxidant How to Extract Terpenes:  How to Extract Terpenes From essential oils Distilled or extracted by Pressure from various Plants Found in Fruit, Stems, or Leaves Essential Oils:  Essential Oils Essential oils are hydrophobic liquids They are not an especially important substance within the plant, as the name might suggest Rather they are important because they provide the aroma associated with many plants Some Common Oils:  Some Common Oils Spearmint Oil - used often for culinary purposes - used for aroma and flavor Peppermint Oil - mainly used in the for its flavor - different blending techniques can yield various flavors Some Common Oils:  Some Common Oils Blackcurrant Bud Oil - most commonly used for perfumery Caraway Oil - used as food flavoring and in aromatherapy Sources:  Sources www.wikipedia.org/wiki/terpene www.1911encyclopedia.org/terpenes www.people.vcu.edu/~asneden/terpenes.htm www.chem.ucalgary.ca/courses/351/carey5th/ch26/ch26-4-1.htm www.chem.msu.edu/~reusch/virtualtext/lipids.htm www.launc.tased.edu.au/online/sciences/agsci/essoil/caraway.htm

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