Session 8 Starting from Scratch or Expanding the Scope - Creating Coll

Information about Session 8 Starting from Scratch or Expanding the Scope - Creating Coll

Published on September 23, 2014

Author: csimkovich

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Starting from Scratch or Expanding the Scope: Starting from Scratch or Expanding the Scope Creating Collections that Count What Makes a Botanical Garden?: What Makes a Botanical Garden? PowerPoint Presentation: What Makes a Botanical Garden? What is a Botanical Garden?: What is a Botanical Garden? Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium of Cornell University 1976 “A botanical garden is a controlled and staffed institution for the maintenance of a living collection of plants under scientific management for purposes of education and research, together with such libraries, herbaria, laboratories, and museums as are essential to its particular undertakings.”… “The botanic garden may be an independent institution, a governmental operation, or affiliated to a college or university… In any case, it exists for scientific ends and is not to be restricted or diverted by other demands. It is not merely a landscaped or ornamental garden, although it may be artistic, nor is it an experiment station or yet a park with labels on the plants. The essential element is the intention of the enterprise, which is the acquisition and dissemination of botanical knowledge.” What is a Botanical Garden?: What is a Botanical Garden? Wikipedia (September 6, 2014): “A contemporary botanic garden is a strictly protected natural urban green area, where a managing organization creates landscaped gardens and holds documented collections of living plants and/or preserved plant accessions containing functional units of heredity of actual or potential value for purposes such as scientific research, education, public display, conservation, sustainable use, tourism and recreational activities, production of marketable plant-based products and services for improvement of human well-being .” What is a Botanical Garden?: What is a Botanical Garden? Botanic Gardens Congress International: " Botanic gardens are institutions holding documented collections of living plants for the purposes of scientific research, conservation, display and education." What is a Botanical Garden?: What is a Botanical Garden? At its most basic: “A documented collection of living plants.” PowerPoint Presentation: Quercus robur f . fastigiata JCRA current snapshot 7/20/14: JCRA current snapshot 7/20/14 10.5 acres 6363 distinct taxa 10206 plants (or groups of plants) 279 Acer taxa 172 Magnolia taxa 102 Aucub a taxa 83 Quercus taxa 57 Cercis taxa 52 Agave taxa 28 Illicium taxa Developing Collections: Developing Collections Where to start? What’s your mission? What’s already there? What makes regional sense? Who can you partner with? How are your collections to be used?: How are your collections to be used? D isplay Education Research Breeding/introduction Conservation PowerPoint Presentation: Viburnum awabuki ‘ Chindo ’ PowerPoint Presentation: Styrax japonicus ‘Emerald Pagoda’ Documentation: Documentation Have to start somewhere, ideally a database but at least a spreadsheet What Documentation is Vital?: What Documentation is Vita l? - Name - Name history - Source - Wild collection number (if any) - Assigned accession number Other Information: Other Information Maintenance needs/histories Herbarium vouchers Size histories Propagation Distributions Photos Lots of other information What is the NAPCC?: What is the NAPCC? An initiative of the American Public Garden Association (APGA) in partnership with the US Department of Agriculture Continent-wide approach to plant germplasm preservation Dedicated to promoting high standards of curatorial care Participants commit to holding and developing a collection(s ) of documented living plants.  These collections are used for germplasm preservation, research, and education Types of NAPCC Collections: Types of NAPCC Collections Woody & Herbaceous Ornamentals Native & Exotic Taxa Wild Species & Horticultural Origin Specialty/Thematic/Historic Groups Alpha-taxonomic & Genetic Conservation Targets Multisite & Single Site Criteria for Participation: Criteria for Participation APGA member Active collections management program Commitment to maintain plant group Endorsement of governing body Collections policy Curator for proposed collection Access to collection for research Current Snapshots : Current Snapshots 70 Participating Public Gardens 64 Single Collections 4 Multisite Collections Quercus (20 sites) Acer (11 sites) Magnolia (15 sites) Cycas (3 sites) NAPCC Collection Uses: NAPCC Collection Uses Ex situ conservation Taxonomic research Molecular and genetic analysis Public education Breeding Conservation of horticultural forms and cultivars Cercis Case Study: Cercis Case Study The JC Raulston Arboretum at NC State University holds a NAPCC Cercis collection representing both species and cultivars 69 accessions representing 52 taxa (11 species) The collection has been used in breeding work by Dr. Dennis Werner (and others) Current Breeding: Current Breeding Cercis canadensis [Texensis Group] ‘ Merlot ’ Cercis canadensis ‘ Whitewater ’ Cercis canadensis ‘ Ruby Falls ’ Cercis Selection: Cercis Selection Cercis ‘ Big John ’ Heavy flowering Extremely large flowers in tight racemes Upright growth Large foliage and vigorous growth Cercis Selection cont.: Cercis Selection cont. Cercis chinensis ‘ Kay’s Early Hope ’ -Extremely floriferous -Begins flowering late February -Finishes flowering end of April PowerPoint Presentation: Public education through interpretive signage PowerPoint Presentation: Public Education Through Self-Guided Tour Brochures Other Cercis Research Utilizing the JCRA Collections: Other Cercis Research Utilizing the JCRA Collections California Academy of Sciences – Phylogenetic Study of Cercis species Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Molecular Study of Cercis Somerset, England – Development of UK National Collection Various US Nurseries – Selection and breeding of Cercis cultivars PowerPoint Presentation: Magnolia stellata ‘ Chrysanthemiflora ’ Metasequoia Case Study: Metasequoia Case Study Metasequoia glyptostroboides collection held by the Dawes Arboretum, Newark, Ohio Ex situ conservation collection ( Metasequoia listed in the 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants as Critically Endangered) 47 wild collected accessions 320 trees total 8 cultivars Metasequoia Case Study cont.: Metasequoia Case Study cont. This collection from across the native range in China represents the greatest genetic diversity outside of China Currently being used for population genetic analysis Potential for horticultural selection Potential for conservation work PowerPoint Presentation: Metasequoia glyptostroboides Branchlet variation at the Dawes Arboretum PowerPoint Presentation: Index semina PowerPoint Presentation: NCNLA distribution PowerPoint Presentation: Friends Giveaway PowerPoint Presentation: Life Is Too Short For Boring Plants

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