Published on January 17, 2008
Schutz Theory of Interpersonal Needs: Schutz Theory of Interpersonal Needs People join groups to satisfy interpersonal needs: People join groups to satisfy interpersonal needs Interpersonal needs are based on self image Three basic human needs are Inclusion, control and affection Inclusion: Inclusion Refers to feelings of importance The need to matter so people will care about me Control: Control Refers to feelings of competence. Being seen as able to cope with the world Affection: Affection Refers to the feeling of being lovable Definition in your text is simplistic If you see the real me, you are going to like what you see Inclusion: Inclusion Manifests itself in people wanting to be attended to Wanting to attract attention Wanting interaction with others Being a distinct person - having a particular identity Happens early in the group formation process A person seeking inclusion wants to be one of the participants in a group Psychological Aspects-Inclusion: Psychological Aspects-Inclusion People with low inclusion needs tend to be introverted and withdrawn No one is interested in me, because I am worthless, and I’m not going to risk being ignored, so I will stay away. Control: Control If inclusion is about belonging, then control is about winning One seeking inclusion wants to be part of the argument, win or lose One seeing control wants to win, even if he’s not accepted by the group Control: Control Deals in areas of power, influence and authority Manifests itself along a continuum from Desire for control over others - and over one’s future Desire to be controlled - have responsibility lifted Extremes of control needs: Extremes of control needs The person who will not take responsibility for anything. Whatever you say boss The tyrant Affection: Affection Close emotional feelings between two people - dyadic Love and hate Only between two people Inclusion needs and control needs can exit between dyads or between one person and the group Last phase to emerge in human relationship Conclusions: Conclusions Inclusion is about prominence, control is about winning and affection is about interpersonal relationships In inclusion phase people encounter each-other and decide if they will continue the association In control the confront each other and work out how they will be related In order to continue the relationship, affection ties must form and people must embrace each other to form a lasting bond, and also say goodbye. Control deals with power while affection deals with emotional ties Get down to business vs get to know each other.