Significance

Information about Significance

Published on October 25, 2007

Author: Sudiksha

Source: authorstream.com

Content

 NOTICE :   NOTICE  Aftermath of the Spanish- American War (1898) :  Aftermath of the Spanish- American War (1898) The war of the United States with Spain was very brief. Its results were many, startling, and of world-wide meaning. ―US Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Philippine Islands:  Philippine Islands William McKinley decided to keep the Philippines, “in order to uplift and civilize, and Christianize” the Filipinos US acquired the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam from Spain for $20,000,000. Philippine Islands:  Philippine Islands Emilio Aguinaldo (1869-1964) Guerrilla warfare Cuba:  Cuba Platt Amendment (1901) Created an independent Cuban government Cuba forbidden to incur debts that it could not pay Cuba could not make treaties with other countries that could undermine its independence Cuba:  Cuba US would maintain a 28,000 acre Naval base at Guantánamo Cuba:  Cuba US could intervene to protect Cuban independence US acquired other possessions in the Pacific Cuba :  Cuba Alfred Thayer Mahan, The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783 (1890) The United States became a major player in world affairs and increasingly involved in Latin America China:  China Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) Formosa (Taiwan) “spheres of influence” US had its own interests in China: railroad investment China:  China Fear of growing Japanese influence American emotional investment China:  China China:  China Peking (Beijing) Boxer Rebellion (1899-1900) China:  China The Society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists Boxers were anti-foreign and anti-Christian China:  China Farthing family, English missionaries murdered by Boxers (1900) China:  China China had to pay the coalition nations $332,000,000 US used its share to educate Chinese students in the US The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Isthmian canal Why a Canal? trade stimulus Strategic concerns (naval and military) The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Battleship USS Oregon made two-month and 14,000-mile voyage from Bremerton, Washington to Cuba (1898) The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Three obstacles to US acquisition of an isthmian canal: La belle France The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Ferdinand de Lesseps (1805-1894) Suez Canal (1859-1869) The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Great Britain Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850) The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Neither nation would gain exclusive rights from Colombia to build a canal; mutual control Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901) equal passage for all nations The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Colombia Panama was a Colombian department The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Hay-Herrán Treaty (1903) Strip of land six miles wide $10,000,000 in gold up front $250,000 annual rental fee Colombian Senate demanded $25,000,000 The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal With US support, Panamanians revolted 3 November 1903 The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty (1903) Strip of land ten miles wide The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal $10,000,000 up front $250,000 annual rental fee (annuity) Opened 14 August 1914 The Panama Canal:  The Panama Canal Tremendous economic boom for Panama Carter-Torrijos Treaty (1978) Canal would come under Panamanian control at noon on 31 December 1999 Mexico:  Mexico Porfirio Díaz (r.1876-1911) Mexico:  Mexico Francisco Madero (r.1911-1913) Mexico:  Mexico General Victoriano Huerta (r.1913-1914) Mexico:  Mexico US President Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) Mexico:  Mexico Venustiano Carranza (r.1915-1920) Mexico:  Mexico USS Dolphin Tampico (1914) Mexico:  Mexico US invaded and blockaded Mexico’s principal port city Veracruz Mexico:  Mexico Francisco “Pancho” Villa (Doroteo Arango) (1878?-1923) Commanded the Division del Norte Mexico:  Mexico Executed sixteen American engineers at Santa Isabel (January 1916) Attacked Columbus, New Mexico, killing fourteen US soldiers and ten civilians (March 1916) Mexico:  Mexico The Punitive Expedition BG John Joseph Pershing (1860-1948) Mexico:  Mexico First Lieutenant George S. Patton Jr. Mexico:  Mexico 12,000 US soldiers entered Mexico to find Villa (March 1916) Mexico:  Mexico Traveled 416 miles southward Villa was never found Wilson ordered the Expedition home (February 1917) Mexico:  Mexico Was the operation a complete failure? US soldiers killed most of Villa’s “Generals,” including those closest to him Villa lost his support among the Mexican people Mexico:  Mexico In early 1917, Carranza promulgated a new democratic constitution and was elected president What became of Pancho Villa? Mexico:  Mexico In 1920, Carranza’s successor, Álvaro Obregón, gave Villa a villa in central Mexico Mexico:  Mexico Villa was murdered in 1923 after he spoke of running for president

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