simplenuclear

Information about simplenuclear

Published on April 18, 2008

Author: Dario

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Nuclear Power some relevant information in graphical form Australian Uranium Association & 2007 www.uic.com.au www.world-nuclear.org Slide2:  OECD/IEA World Energy Outlook 2004 Slide3:  Total 437 operating nuclear power reactors, 30 under construction, 75 firmly planned. 16% of world electricity, total 370 GWe. Locations approximate Slide5:  Drivers overseas: • Basic economics, including increased fossil fuel prices • Prospect of carbon emission costs • Insurance against future fuel price increases • Energy security - geopolitical Slide6:  Electricity generation costs, with emission trading case: Finland Slide7:  Most demand is for continuous, reliable supply on a large scale = base-load Slide8:  Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant, USA, with seawater cooling Slide9:  58 units in operation on 19 sites FESSENHEIM GRAVELINESS FLAMANVILLE PALUEL ST-ALBAN NOGENT/SEINE CHOOZ CATTENOM ST-LAURENT CHINON CIVAUX DAMPIERRE BLAYAIS BELLEVILLE BUGEY GOLFECH CRUAS TRICASTIN PENLY PALUEL 900 MWe (34 Units) 1300 MWe (20 Units) 1500 MWe (4 Units) 80% of electricity from nuclear power The nuclear reactor fleet in France The cheapest KWh in Europe Major Uranium Operations:  Key Lake (Cameco, Cogema) Crow Butte (Cameco, Kepco Res.) Rabbit Lake (Cameco) Ranger (Rio, Cameco, Cogema, JAURDC) Olympic Dam (WMC) Arlit + Akouta (Cogema, State of Niger, OURD) Christensen Ranch (Cogema, Fuel Internat.) Highland (Cameco) Rossing (Rio, State of Iran, State of Sth Africa) Vaal Reefs (Anglo) Russia Uzbekistan Kazakhstan Converters Jouac (Cogema) Blind River (Cameco) Metropolis (Honywell) Pierrelatte (Areva) Springfields (BNF) Angarsk (Russian Govt) Beverley (General Atomics) McLean (Cameco) Major Uranium Operations Slide12:  EVERY 26 TONNES U3O8 USED SAVES 1 MILLION TONNES CO2 RELATIVE TO COAL! Slide15:  Fuel Assembly for Nuclear Reactor Slide17:  Uranium production and demand for power generation - western world Sizewell B UK:  Sizewell B UK Slide19:  A safety record unmatched by any major technology! 12,000+ reactor-years civil, similar for naval Slide20:  Kashiwazaki Kariwa 6 & 7, Japan Main 3rd generation nuclear reactors::  Main 3rd generation nuclear reactors: Areva NP EPR - 1600 MWe Westinghouse AP1000 - 1100 MWe General Electric ESBWR - 1400 MWe Korea HNP APR - 1400 MWe Mitsubishi et al APWR - 1500 MWe AECL ACR-1000 - 1000 MWe Gidropress AES-2006 - 1200 MWe Eskom/INET PBMR - 165/195 MWe How different to other toxic industrial wastes?:  How different to other toxic industrial wastes? Radioactive (a small proportion highly radioactive) Shielding needed (mass) Contained and managed, not dispersed to environment Radioactivity decays over time Slide23:  Cogema Slide24:  Amount of Radioactive Wastes (from 1000 MWe for 1 year) m3 Source: OECD NEA 1996 10 70 200 2.5 - very small amount of waste for much energy! Slide25:  Spent Fuel Storage, Sellafield Slide26:  Transport Cask, for spent fuel Slide27:  Sweden: Nuclear weapons vs civil programs:  Nuclear weapons vs civil programs With nuclear weapons USA, Russia, UK, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel None from civil program 1960s expectation of over 30 countries Proliferation concerns Iran - via enrichment, North Korea - via plutonium, (formerly: Iraq, Libya, S.Africa) Nuclear weapons vs civil programs:  Nuclear weapons vs civil programs Controlled civil use 28 countries plus Taiwan - under NPT + India, Pakistan - partly under NPT Proliferation concerns Not related to civil program Iran, North Korea Clearly need to focus on problems. But how? Slide31:  Nuclear Desalination Reverse osmosis - electric pumps off-peak Distillation - scope for cogeneration Transport & Hydrogen Economy:  Transport & Hydrogen Economy Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Then hydrogen in fuel cells Now: 50 million tonnes per year hydrogen, future: 1000 Mt/yr + Now: steam reforming of natural gas High temperature electrolysis of water Thermochemical production from water using nuclear heat - needs 950ºC The Nuclear Future:  The Nuclear Future Mature technology Increasingly competitive Environmental drivers Energy security drivers - EU & USA Part of future supply more widely Slide34:  www.uic.com.au www.aua.org.au

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