SL Proj1b

Information about SL Proj1b

Published on November 28, 2007

Author: Cubemiddle

Source: authorstream.com

Content

DFID Introduction to Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) & its Relationship to Project Work:  DFID Introduction to Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) & its Relationship to Project Work Why all the noise about SL?:  Why all the noise about SL? We’re getting serious about poverty, folks What we have done in the past has not been too successful: a search for something more effective Initially: “direct impact on the poor” Later: a more analytical understanding of the complexity of poverty of the factors that affect poverty Defining poverty:  Defining poverty Not just income / GDP but human development TIP Think people, not national statistics Uganda PPA: “The rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer” Not just the means to survive but the capability to thrive Not being poor means that:  Not being poor means that can sustain the capabilities, assets, and activities required for a means of living, have the ability to cope with stresses and shocks, and can maintain and enhance those capabilities and assets without undermining the natural resource base TIP These are the characteristics of a ‘Livelihood’ (Chambers & Conway, 1992) people ... If we put people at the centre of development, we need ...:  If we put people at the centre of development, we need ... to be more holistic - poor people lead complex lives to be dynamic - like the threats and opportunities the poor face to build on their inherent potential - rather than what they have not got to consider macro-micro links - because people are affected by policies to mainstream sustainability - environmental, economic, social, institutional And in particular ...:  And in particular ... We need to incorporate people’s own definition of desirable outcomes The ‘Sustainable Livelihoods Approach’ is simply about putting these principles into practice:  The ‘Sustainable Livelihoods Approach’ is simply about putting these principles into practice In project design In Country Programmes Across DFID and the donor community Sounds obvious ?:  Sounds obvious ? But it’s not what we’ve been doing What we did before (1)… [taken from an analysis of livestock-sector projects]:  What we did before (1)… [taken from an analysis of livestock-sector projects] Supply of technology, inputs & services [93%] often ‘production’ orientated missed the poor: not targeted towards the poor / inappropriate to the needs of the poor captured by the wealthy could not be sustained Move to ‘capacity-building’ in sector organisations instead What we did before (2)…:  What we did before (2)… ‘Organisational Development’ [49%] equipped people and organisations with the skills and resources to do a better job but, on the whole, little has changed new skills are not used the new-look organisation is not financially viable still tended to be ‘sector-specific’ and supply-driven because the ‘rules of the game’ never really changed So we now think about ...:  So we now think about ... Policies and Institutions as well [10%] creating the enabling environment for a better way of doing things by ‘changing the rules of the game’: locally nationally internationally The SL Framework (1):  The SL Framework (1) Is simply a tool to help: plan new development initiatives assess the contribution to livelihood sustainability made by existing activities It: provides a checklist of issues highlights what influences what emphasises the multiple interactions that affect people’s livelihoods The SL Framework (2):  The SL Framework (2) Helps us think holistically about: The things that the poor might be very vulnerable to The assets and resources that help them thrive and survive The policies and institutions that impact on their livelihoods How the poor respond to threats and opportunities What sort of outcomes the poor aspire to Slide14:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions The SL Framework Slide15:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions The SL Framework Slide16:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions Livelihood Outcomes + Sustainable use of NR base + Income + Well-being Reduced vulnerability + Food security Vulnerability Context:  Vulnerability Context The external environment in which people exist Trends - population, resources, economic, governance, technology Shocks - illness, natural disaster, economic, conflict, crop / livestock pests & diseases Seasons - prices, production, health, employment Slide18:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions Livelihood Outcomes + Sustainable use of NR base + Income + Well-being Reduced vulnerability + Food security What are these ‘assets’ then?:  What are these ‘assets’ then? Human capital - skills, knowledge & info., ability to work, health Natural capital - land, water, wildlife, biodiversity, environment Financial capital - savings, credit, remittances, pensions Physical capital - transport, shelter, water, energy, comms Social capital - networks, groups, trust, access to institutions It’s all about pushing out the ‘area’ of these assets:  It’s all about pushing out the ‘area’ of these assets TIP But it’s also about the sustainability of those assets Human Capital Natural Capital Physical Capital Social Capital Financial Capital With your neighbour(s) ...:  With your neighbour(s) ... Consider one form [H, N, F, P, S] of capital asset Why is this form of capital asset important? What could we do to build this form of capital asset directly indirectly Slide22:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions Livelihood Outcomes + Sustainable use of NR base + Income + Well-being Reduced vulnerability + Food security People’s access to livelihood assets is affected by policies and institutions:  People’s access to livelihood assets is affected by policies and institutions Or ‘transforming structures and processes’ Structures: organisations, levels of government, private sector behaviour Processes: policies, laws, institutional ‘rules of the game’, incentives TIP Think micro, think macro, link micro to macro Slide24:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions Livelihood Outcomes + Sustainable use of NR base + Income + Well-being Reduced vulnerability + Food security Livelihood Strategies - what do people do?:  Livelihood Strategies - what do people do? Natural-resource based Non-NR / off-farm activities Migration / remittances Intensification vs. diversification Straddling Competition Short-term vs. long-term Our interventions must recognise that people have different strategies to achieve different ends:  Our interventions must recognise that people have different strategies to achieve different ends How important is “our” concern to people’s livelihoods? And whose livelihoods in particular? What else is important to people, and what conflicts might there be? Slide27:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions Livelihood Outcomes + Sustainable use of NR base + Income + Well-being Reduced vulnerability + Food security Livelihood Outcomes - what are people seeking to achieve?:  Livelihood Outcomes - what are people seeking to achieve? More sustainable use of the NR base More income Increased well-being Reduced vulnerability Improved food security Slide29:  Vulnerability Context Shocks Trends Seasons Livelihood Strategies Policies & Institutions (Transforming Structures & Processes) Structures Government Private Sector Processes Laws Policies Culture Institutions Livelihood Outcomes + Sustainable use of NR base + Income + Well-being Reduced vulnerability + Food security At the end of the day ...:  At the end of the day ... It’s about trying to see development standing in the shoes of the poor, not the shoes of the scientist It has major implications for the way we work as specialists within a country programme as a donor agency with other donors Not the same as ...:  Not the same as ... Integrated Rural Development ‘Farming Systems Approaches’ Not incompatible with ... Sector-wide approaches Rights-based thinking Common sense SL in Practice:  SL in Practice Where’s the big difference? Projects & Programmes Log frames Ways of working Where’s the difference?:  Where’s the difference? Forced to look at context & relationships Vulnerability (inc. environment) Policies & Institutions Therefore more complicated than before but the ‘complexity’ has to be captured horizontal and vertical linkages internalising assumptions ‘Process’, and policy dialogue, implicit Projects & Programmes:  Projects & Programmes Explicitly related to people’s livelihoods but not necessarily sitting crossed-legged under a tree assess short-term livelihood interests against long-term environmental interests Holistic analysis, but not necessarily an holistic project balance between what is desirable and what is feasible ‘entry points’ & ‘sectoral anchors’ / ‘institutional homes’ Longer, wider, ‘process’ projects, and ‘joined-up’ programmes More effective macro-micro linkages Log Frames:  Log Frames Watch the fourth (‘Assumptions’) column Describe interventions & OVIs from perspective of people, not products or productivity Explicit cause & effect between macro and micro - not just ‘dots on the map’ Horizontal & Vertical linkages families (H) and cascades (V) of log frames Ways of Working:  Ways of Working More information, more analysis, better partnerships .... and more time Process appraisal - when is a project not a project? Seize opportunities - esp. with policies & institutions Teams:- DFID teams, consultancy teams make use of the neutral framework - space for everyone familiarising sectoral experts managing cross-sectoral teams synthesing through an SL lens DFID Introduction to Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) & its Relationship to Project Work:  DFID Introduction to Sustainable Livelihoods (SL) & its Relationship to Project Work

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Cubemiddle

Nuclear Energy
26. 03. 2008
0 views

Nuclear Energy

Jeopardy Template
01. 10. 2007
0 views

Jeopardy Template

Vujic IEEEMarch06
07. 10. 2007
0 views

Vujic IEEEMarch06

Fallacy
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Fallacy

how to write an introduction
06. 09. 2007
0 views

how to write an introduction

zero tolerance
06. 09. 2007
0 views

zero tolerance

Pande ICRISAT
04. 10. 2007
0 views

Pande ICRISAT

04 05 knowitall
09. 10. 2007
0 views

04 05 knowitall

intro CS p2p
27. 11. 2007
0 views

intro CS p2p

BestWorstPractices presented
04. 12. 2007
0 views

BestWorstPractices presented

Alcohol Presentacón
15. 11. 2007
0 views

Alcohol Presentacón

HIS European Exploration
15. 11. 2007
0 views

HIS European Exploration

GraphicsAtStanford mar05 san
16. 11. 2007
0 views

GraphicsAtStanford mar05 san

MCOR 384 Presentation Gallipoli
23. 11. 2007
0 views

MCOR 384 Presentation Gallipoli

Workplace Violence
14. 12. 2007
0 views

Workplace Violence

cfo presentation year end
17. 12. 2007
0 views

cfo presentation year end

Top10
25. 12. 2007
0 views

Top10

NGWA SHOW PRESENTATION
28. 12. 2007
0 views

NGWA SHOW PRESENTATION

roadmap for recovery
29. 12. 2007
0 views

roadmap for recovery

UN1001 Galvanic Corrosion
02. 01. 2008
0 views

UN1001 Galvanic Corrosion

Lec01 BASIC COUNTING
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Lec01 BASIC COUNTING

profmarins 140307
16. 11. 2007
0 views

profmarins 140307

2Monday Session3 Mulu Ketsela
29. 11. 2007
0 views

2Monday Session3 Mulu Ketsela

ECS 2 RIO Europe Lipids
30. 11. 2007
0 views

ECS 2 RIO Europe Lipids

302 01
12. 09. 2007
0 views

302 01

SPS and SEDS Meeting 090606
06. 11. 2007
0 views

SPS and SEDS Meeting 090606

AZAASF1 POL SAFETY MAR 05
08. 11. 2007
0 views

AZAASF1 POL SAFETY MAR 05

g7x85l0kr5ko47g
07. 01. 2008
0 views

g7x85l0kr5ko47g

Sentinel1 M Davidson
07. 11. 2007
0 views

Sentinel1 M Davidson

BR ROTARY MTG 1
02. 11. 2007
0 views

BR ROTARY MTG 1

Samuels
12. 03. 2008
0 views

Samuels

schleichAPS meeting
18. 03. 2008
0 views

schleichAPS meeting

2b mobile
27. 03. 2008
0 views

2b mobile

MHSRL 20070125 backgrounder
06. 09. 2007
0 views

MHSRL 20070125 backgrounder

gnews dec
28. 11. 2007
0 views

gnews dec

2PlateTectonics
30. 03. 2008
0 views

2PlateTectonics

lecture3 351
09. 04. 2008
0 views

lecture3 351

AES Summit 4 07
10. 04. 2008
0 views

AES Summit 4 07

03forfut
17. 04. 2008
0 views

03forfut

AI 070503
22. 04. 2008
0 views

AI 070503

Pizza Fractions
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Pizza Fractions

pizza point
12. 09. 2007
0 views

pizza point

14 Howard Haimes
19. 11. 2007
0 views

14 Howard Haimes

Germany Bonn Aug 2006
02. 01. 2008
0 views

Germany Bonn Aug 2006

ENC1101 8
12. 09. 2007
0 views

ENC1101 8

Cpt4
12. 09. 2007
0 views

Cpt4

Lecture 110501
07. 11. 2007
0 views

Lecture 110501

The City of Refuge
28. 12. 2007
0 views

The City of Refuge

CS374 2004 Lecture8 Haplotypes
19. 02. 2008
0 views

CS374 2004 Lecture8 Haplotypes

mathi03
26. 02. 2008
0 views

mathi03

CN14HO
24. 02. 2008
0 views

CN14HO

PeloponnesianWar
11. 12. 2007
0 views

PeloponnesianWar

bridgedecoder
30. 12. 2007
0 views

bridgedecoder

2472CSTEforSaiminato send
10. 03. 2008
0 views

2472CSTEforSaiminato send

P416 Lec1 S07
12. 09. 2007
0 views

P416 Lec1 S07