Published on December 24, 2007
SOCIAL NETWORKS: SOCIAL NETWORKS Amit Sharma INF -38FQ School of Information University of Texas at Austin Index: Index Introduction to Social Network Social Network and KMS Social Network Analysis Application of Social Network Analysis Technology – LinkedIn Future of Social Networks. References Everybody talks about Networks?: Everybody talks about Networks? Networked Economy Immigrant Networks National Innovation Networks Networking Entrepreneurial Networks Ego Networks Regional Networks Infrastructure Networks Social Networks Social Networks: Social Networks How do you explain to say somebody what Social Network is? What Social Network Analysis is? Network Analysis is the keyword For the 21st Century Researchers , Politicians , People talk about Networks around you. How do you explain what network is? What is a Network?: What is a Network? Web Definition : A set of nodes, points, or locations connected by means of data, voice, and video communications for the purpose of exchange. Link Social Networks: Social Networks A social network is a description of the social structure between actors, mostly individuals or organizations. It indicates the ways in which they are connected through various social familiarities ranging from casual acquaintance to close familiar bonds. Social networks and KMS: Social networks and KMS Why Social Networks in KMS? People Technology Organization Processes KM Knowledge Management involves people, technology, and processes in Overlapping parts. Social Networks and KMS: Social Networks and KMS Why are we studying Social Networks ? What ties Information Architecture, Knowledge Management and Social Network Analysis more closely together is the reciprocal relationship between people and content. Social Network Analysis: Social Network Analysis Social network analysis [SNA] is the mapping and measuring of relationships and flows between people, groups, organizations, computers or other information/knowledge processing entities. The nodes in the network are the people and groups while the links show relationships or flows between the nodes. Social Network Analysis: Social Network Analysis We measure Social Network in terms of: 1. Degree Centrality: The number of direct connections a node has. What really matters is where those connections lead to and how they connect the otherwise unconnected. 2. Betweenness Centrality: A node with high betweenness has great influence over what flows in the network indicating important links and single point of failure. 3. Closeness Centrality: The measure of closeness of a node which are close to everyone else. The pattern of the direct and indirect ties allows the nodes any other node in the network more quickly than anyone else. They have the shortest paths to all others. Exercise on SNA: Kite Network: Exercise on SNA: Kite Network By David Krackhardt Exercise on SNA: Kite Network: Exercise on SNA: Kite Network Who is the Connecter or Hub in the Network? Who has control over what flows in the Network? Who has best visibility of what is happening in the Network? Who are peripheral players? Are they Important? SNA and KMS:: SNA and KMS: SNA helps in analyzing the following facts in a KMS: Bottlenecks - Central nodes that provide the only connection between different parts of the network. Number of links - Insufficient or excessive links between departments that must coordinate effectively. Average distance - Degrees of separation connecting all pairs of nodes in the group. From Secondary Reading - IBM Institute for Business Value Publication SNA and KMS (2): SNA and KMS (2) Short distances transmit information accurately and in a timely way, while long distances transmit slowly and can distort the information. Isolation - People that are not integrated well into a group and therefore, represent both untapped skills and a high likelihood of turnover. Highly expert people - Not being utilized appropriately. Organizational subgroups or cliques - Can develop their own subcultures and negative attitudes toward other groups. Application of SNA:: Application of SNA: Realizing 9/11 Al- Qaeda Network. Build a grass roots political campaign. Determine influential journalists and analysts in the IT industry. Map executive's personal network based on email flows. Discover the network of Innovators in a regional economy. Analyze book selling patterns to position a new book and many more…… Technology: Technology Various technologies that help in creating Social Networks are: Email Blogs Social Networking Software like Orkut, LinkedIn etc. Technology : LinkedIn: Technology : LinkedIn What is Your Network? When your connections invite their connections, your Network starts to grow. Your Network is your connections, their connections, and so on out from you at the center. How do you classify users? Your Network contains professionals out to “three degrees” — that is, friends-of-friends-of-friends. If each person had 10 connections (and some have many more) then your network would contain 10,000 professionals. How do you see who is in your Network? LinkedIn lets you see your network as one large group of searchable professional profiles. Technology: LinkedIn (1): Technology: LinkedIn (1) Technology: LinkedIn (2): Technology: LinkedIn (2) How to find people you need ? Technology : LinkedIn (3): Technology : LinkedIn (3) Finding Jobs Technology: LinkedIn (4): Technology: LinkedIn (4) ENDORSEMENTS: A New and Useful Feature Future of SNA: Future of SNA SNA could help us in following ways in future: 1) Reducing Complexity 2) Visualizing using Geographic Information Modeling Reducing Complexity: Reducing Complexity Organization on Web Reduced Complexity through Simulation Analysis and Complex Theory for solving graphs Our Social Networks can be understood at one glance Geographic InformationModeling : Geographic Information Modeling Key Players A B C D E X Y Z Q References: References “How to do Social Network Analysis?”-Retrieved from -http://www.orgnet.com/sna.html Cross, R., Parker, A. and Borgatti, S. A bird's eye view: Using Social Network Analysis to Improve Knowledge Creation and Sharing. IBM Institute for Business Value Publication. J.C.Thomas, W.A Kellogg, T. Erickson, “The Knowledge Management Puzzle: Human and social factors in Knowledge Management”. IBM Systems Journal. Volume 40. Number 4.2001 Wellman, B. (1996) For a Social Network Analysis of Computer Networks: A Sociological Perspective on Collaborative work and Virtual Community. Proceedings of SIGCPR/SIGMIS. Denver, CO. ACM Press. Slide26: Questions??