soil management 9 crop specific guidelines

Information about soil management 9 crop specific guidelines

Published on January 3, 2008

Author: CoolDude26

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Soil Management 9 - Crop Specific Guidelines:  Soil Management 9 - Crop Specific Guidelines practical advice for land managers Supported by NFU, LEAF and CLA Environment Sensitive Farming Slide2:  Sustainable Soil Management - crop specific guidelines Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide3:  Managing soils when growing cereals and other combinable crops Cereals can benefit soil structure: organic matter inputs (roots, stubble, straw) deep rooted and dry soil out normally harvested in dry conditions Good soil husbandry practices: Cultivate and travel on soils when ‘dry’ Remove compaction - loosening topsoil or subsoiling where necessary (dig a hole!) Drill early - good crop cover (slumping and capping) Tramlines - set up after crop emerged and if possible don’t use until spring (where safe establish across slope) Medium/heavy soils - maintain an effective drainage system Where organic matter is low, apply organic manures or introduce grass leys/green manure crops Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide4:  Managing soils when growing potatoes, vegetables and salad crops Select naturally free draining soils or fields with effective drainage systems. Avoid planting on slopes in a way that channels runoff (erosion) or divide long slopes into smaller units by planting across slope - where safe and practical. Most soil damage occurs at harvest - cultivate as soon as possible after harvest to break-up compaction and ‘open-up’ the soil surface (particularly gateways and headlands) Where possible, use tied ridges and dykes in furrow bottoms to reduce runoff. Where organic matter is low, apply organic manures or introduce grass leys/green manure crops. Good soil husbandry practices: Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide5:  Managing soils when growing sugar beet Sugar beet can benefit soil structure : deep rooting and dries the soil out, but damage can occur during harvesting (late) Good soil husbandry practices: Select naturally free draining soils or fields with effective drainage systems On light soils, leave the seedbed as coarse as possible (water and wind erosion) On peaty and light soils - use nurse crops to prevent wind erosion Plant across the slope - where safe and practical Manage irrigation water to prevent runoff and soil erosion Cultivate as soon as possible after harvest to break-up compaction and ‘open-up’ the soil surface (particularly gateways and headlands) Where organic matter is low, apply organic manures or introduce grass leys/green manure crops Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide6:  Managing soils when growing maize and other forage crops Avoid growing maize and other forage crops on land where the chances of runoff and erosion are high (ELS options) On fields vulnerable to compaction and runoff (erosion), choose early maturing maize varieties Cultivate as soon as possible after harvest or grazing to remove compaction and ‘open-up’ the soil surface Manage grazing of forage crops and crop residues to minimising poaching and runoff: avoid slopes vulnerable to runoff and erosion limit periods of access start at the bottom of sloping fields and back fence cultivate strips across the slope to reduce runoff (if practical) Good soil husbandry practices: Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide7:  Managing soils when growing fruit crops Select naturally free draining soils or fields with effective drainage systems Avoid planting and harvesting etc. in wet conditions Plant across the slope (where safe and practical) Use a straw much, established grass or allow natural regeneration of vegetation between rows - to protect the soil and prevent runoff (erosion) Manage irrigation water to prevent runoff and erosion Cultivate headlands and gateways to remove compaction Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide8:  Managing soils when growing bulbs Select naturally free draining soils or fields with effective drainage systems Avoid sloping fields where runoff and soil wash (erosion) are likely Ridges should be planted across the slope (where safe and practical) Cultivate headlands to remove compaction following planting After harvest, cultivate as soon as possible to remove compaction and ‘open-up’ the soil surface Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide9:  Managing soils during outdoor pig farming Avoid keeping pigs on slopes where runoff and soil wash (erosion) are likely to occur Plan and manage paddocks and tracks to avoid the channelling of water Develop a management system so that pigs can be moved onto grass and the sward maintained Established grass buffers to intercept runoff (in addition to above actions) When pigs have been moved to another paddock, loosen the compacted soil as soon as possible to ‘open-up’ the soil surface Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide10:  Managing soils during energy cropping - short rotation coppice and miscanthus Energy crops can benefit soil structure: add organic matter provide good soil cover and bind the soil together Good soil husbandry practices: Select naturally free draining soils or fields with effective drainage systems Avoid sloping fields where runoff and soil wash (erosion) are likely Harvest under dry soil conditions to avoid soil compaction take care not to disturb nesting birds Miscanthus cane - can be a useful mulch in gateways during harvest Following harvest, cultivate the soil to remove compaction (tracks, headlands and gateways) Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide11:  Managing soils under grass - improved grassland Grass can benefit soil structure: high organic matter input dense and deep rooting However, problems can occur through machinery damage and grazing activities: Avoid spreading manures under wet conditions Livestock poaching damage can occur when soil are wet through: grazing, overwintering, around supplementary feeders (move feeders) Maintain effective field drainage systems Use well drained tracks for vehicles and livestock Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers Slide12:  Managing soils under grass - natural and semi-natural grazings Adjust stocking rates to ensure that overgrazing does not result in loss of vegetation cover Shepherd the stock to prevent overgrazing in localised areas Manage supplementary feeding away from sensitive vegetation and move to avoid breaking the soil cover - keep away from watercourses Use low ground pressure machinery and keep to establish tracks and paths Where possible, install and maintain tracks so as to minimise runoff Avoid burning on blanket and deep peat, where subsequent erosion can be rapid and serious (GAEC 6 and 10 requirements), or base ground during bracken management Block existing grips and surface drains where erosion is occurring and do not dig new ones Environment Sensitive Farming practical advice for land managers

Related presentations


Other presentations created by CoolDude26

CH8 PowerPoint Robotics
31. 12. 2007
0 views

CH8 PowerPoint Robotics

challenging behavior
17. 09. 2007
0 views

challenging behavior

ch1
17. 09. 2007
0 views

ch1

IP P mohan
19. 09. 2007
0 views

IP P mohan

RMP October 2006 Data
11. 10. 2007
0 views

RMP October 2006 Data

standing2
12. 10. 2007
0 views

standing2

lam talk
15. 10. 2007
0 views

lam talk

Escher
15. 10. 2007
0 views

Escher

2006 Radicarbon History
16. 10. 2007
0 views

2006 Radicarbon History

pre b373
17. 10. 2007
0 views

pre b373

banderas2
22. 10. 2007
0 views

banderas2

ostrichsm
17. 09. 2007
0 views

ostrichsm

209 OASIS Ostrich presentation
17. 09. 2007
0 views

209 OASIS Ostrich presentation

ssec software development
07. 10. 2007
0 views

ssec software development

dianxinyezhuanxing
12. 10. 2007
0 views

dianxinyezhuanxing

africa presentation
23. 10. 2007
0 views

africa presentation

spatial databases
23. 10. 2007
0 views

spatial databases

vollhardt lecc2005
17. 10. 2007
0 views

vollhardt lecc2005

232nm13
29. 10. 2007
0 views

232nm13

ans321L2
17. 09. 2007
0 views

ans321L2

Plan Bleu partie2
24. 10. 2007
0 views

Plan Bleu partie2

05 galaxies
29. 08. 2007
0 views

05 galaxies

nuclearWeapons
23. 12. 2007
0 views

nuclearWeapons

ChristensenNov2
29. 08. 2007
0 views

ChristensenNov2

Unit3
03. 01. 2008
0 views

Unit3

como fazer palestra espirita
07. 01. 2008
0 views

como fazer palestra espirita

XES Architecture Vacuum v2
17. 09. 2007
0 views

XES Architecture Vacuum v2

2 tinyos
29. 10. 2007
0 views

2 tinyos

Lecture16 overheads
21. 08. 2007
0 views

Lecture16 overheads

Hip Injuries in Athletics PartI
01. 08. 2007
0 views

Hip Injuries in Athletics PartI

jsimon irvine
29. 08. 2007
0 views

jsimon irvine

GeorgeMiley LOFAR May06
29. 08. 2007
0 views

GeorgeMiley LOFAR May06

jim brady
05. 10. 2007
0 views

jim brady

automotive invitation
24. 10. 2007
0 views

automotive invitation

microscopy
15. 10. 2007
0 views

microscopy

General Psychopathology
16. 02. 2008
0 views

General Psychopathology

The Virus of Violence
20. 02. 2008
0 views

The Virus of Violence

cindy pragma grid
17. 10. 2007
0 views

cindy pragma grid

ASOCallPresentation2 006WBSD
18. 03. 2008
0 views

ASOCallPresentation2 006WBSD

China Korea Trip Info
25. 03. 2008
0 views

China Korea Trip Info

A105 021 GalI
29. 08. 2007
0 views

A105 021 GalI

widefield yan
29. 08. 2007
0 views

widefield yan

blain cosmoskyoto
29. 08. 2007
0 views

blain cosmoskyoto

Corporate Profile November 2007
27. 03. 2008
0 views

Corporate Profile November 2007

Cal Mrtg Watkins
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Cal Mrtg Watkins

pcreek
13. 04. 2008
0 views

pcreek

7 9 kraft
29. 08. 2007
0 views

7 9 kraft

neos innovation challenge short
14. 04. 2008
0 views

neos innovation challenge short

nslab diffserv 06a
16. 04. 2008
0 views

nslab diffserv 06a

podraza medicare
17. 04. 2008
0 views

podraza medicare

Capitalizing
18. 04. 2008
0 views

Capitalizing

Meyer
22. 04. 2008
0 views

Meyer

forbes manhattan presentation
28. 04. 2008
0 views

forbes manhattan presentation

cs4811 ch09 uncertainty
17. 09. 2007
0 views

cs4811 ch09 uncertainty

Managing Tough Decisions
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Managing Tough Decisions

David Ellis powerpoint
30. 04. 2008
0 views

David Ellis powerpoint

Anesthetic Machines
02. 05. 2008
0 views

Anesthetic Machines

ADSL NTT
09. 10. 2007
0 views

ADSL NTT

ABM12006
15. 10. 2007
0 views

ABM12006

Richstone Mitchell
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Richstone Mitchell

CIP TOA and Beyond 5 29 07
03. 01. 2008
0 views

CIP TOA and Beyond 5 29 07

Thomson top panic05
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Thomson top panic05

Thesis defense rev12
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Thesis defense rev12

tftge dec 02
18. 06. 2007
0 views

tftge dec 02

Temp bone trauma slides 051012
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Temp bone trauma slides 051012

tamara
18. 06. 2007
0 views

tamara

tactical euro condor06
18. 06. 2007
0 views

tactical euro condor06

Stolarz D 1603
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Stolarz D 1603

stoc04
18. 06. 2007
0 views

stoc04

stabicp slides
18. 06. 2007
0 views

stabicp slides

Sofia Sima 2 ext new
18. 06. 2007
0 views

Sofia Sima 2 ext new

slacbaryo genesis
18. 06. 2007
0 views

slacbaryo genesis

iyef project homeless connect
31. 10. 2007
0 views

iyef project homeless connect

SOFG
18. 06. 2007
0 views

SOFG

NorthStar
13. 11. 2007
0 views

NorthStar

rickwilliams
21. 08. 2007
0 views

rickwilliams

Noah s Ark
03. 10. 2007
0 views

Noah s Ark

ambertech
19. 11. 2007
0 views

ambertech

Soc RespI SOC02
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Soc RespI SOC02

Internet Protocol Addresses
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Internet Protocol Addresses

Colour Reconnection
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Colour Reconnection

Research & Development
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Research & Development

Low Frequency Gravitational Wave
15. 06. 2007
0 views

Low Frequency Gravitational Wave

vander Marel mgct2 win
29. 08. 2007
0 views

vander Marel mgct2 win

G020514 00
17. 09. 2007
0 views

G020514 00

aas calzetti
29. 08. 2007
0 views

aas calzetti

jokes riddles
17. 09. 2007
0 views

jokes riddles

vaulttutorial
19. 09. 2007
0 views

vaulttutorial

Ch90 ExtensionsToFOPC
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Ch90 ExtensionsToFOPC

Mercurio
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Mercurio

Eric Gawiser pire galclust
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Eric Gawiser pire galclust

Eric Gawiser pire galform
29. 08. 2007
0 views

Eric Gawiser pire galform

1 Dirk Van Braeckel
23. 10. 2007
0 views

1 Dirk Van Braeckel

directors roundtable 0407
02. 10. 2007
0 views

directors roundtable 0407

MWR
01. 08. 2007
0 views

MWR

01 Singleton
17. 09. 2007
0 views

01 Singleton

astro101 2000oct
15. 11. 2007
0 views

astro101 2000oct

CCAT06 Chapman
29. 08. 2007
0 views

CCAT06 Chapman

nips06 tutorial
17. 09. 2007
0 views

nips06 tutorial

90convexpo Jeff Tobe ppt
17. 09. 2007
0 views

90convexpo Jeff Tobe ppt