stoddart

Information about stoddart

Published on March 6, 2008

Author: Charlie

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Operational Analysis Support to the RAF During Op TELIC:  Operational Analysis Support to the RAF During Op TELIC Presentation to the Defence Study Group Dstl Farnborough 18 Nov 04 Air Warfare Centre Operational Analysis Element:  Air Warfare Centre Operational Analysis Element Paul Stoddart Scientific Advisor Operations RAF Waddington 18 Nov 04 Slide3:  Air Warfare Centre [dstl]:  [dstl] Slide5:  OA in support of air operations This presentation will be at :  This presentation will be at UNCLASSIFIED CLASSIFICATION Slide7:  Commandant AWC Strike Command Air Warfare Centre Development Operations Operational Analysis Element (OAE) Ops Support AWC Mission:  AWC Mission “To Provide Timely Integrated Mission Support at the Operational, Tactical and Technical Levels of Warfare.” Operational Analysis Element:  Operational Analysis Element Provide scientific and technical expertise to AWC… for essential and timely mission support to the front line… Operational Analysis Element:  Operational Analysis Element for essential and timely mission support to the front line… An 80% solution now is better than the 100% solution tomorrow Timescales can be very short OA Deployments:  OA Deployments Jan 91 - Operation GRANBY Jun 95 - Op DELIBERATE FORCE Mar 99 - Operation ALLIED FORCE Feb 03 - Op TELIC / IRAQI FREEDOM OAE on Op TELIC:  OAE on Op TELIC 10 analysts deployed to theatre One to National Component HQ One to UK Air Component HQ 2 to Coalition Air Component HQ 6 to deployed attack squadrons (3 bases) Home team for reachback support OAE Tasks in Op TELIC :  OAE Tasks in Op TELIC National Component HQ One OAE analyst (+ other analysts) Collateral damage estimation Advice to Targets office Advice on weapon effects to RE for repair Generic wpns advice to UK NCHQ staff OAE Tasks in Op TELIC :  OAE Tasks in Op TELIC UK Air Component HQ One OAE analyst Scientific adviser to UK Air Component Cdr Questions: varied, operational & tactical Coalition counter-IADS campaign Urban Close Air Support OAE Tasks in Op TELIC :  OAE Tasks in Op TELIC Coalition Air HQ 2 OAE analysts ‘embedded’ (10+ US staff) Part of Coalition OA Team (principally US) Campaign Assessment Data compilation (major task) OAE Tasks in Op TELIC :  OAE Tasks in Op TELIC Deployed UK attack squadrons 5 (later 6) OAE analysts to 3 bases No analysts left for early changeover Advice: weapon and system performance Data collection/compilation IT support Support to UK Attack Sqns:  Support to UK Attack Sqns Weapon-system performance Laser guided bomb ballistics Weapon delivery modes Weapon to target matching Laser designator/seeker performance Support to UK Attack Sqns:  Support to UK Attack Sqns Database/tool development Reporting Program: Input data once 3 x reports output Mission; LGB, RAF Historical Air Tasking Order parser Auto break out of sqn missions Killbox mapping Mapped no-strike and restricted strike targets in specified killbox Reachback & Support to AWC:  Reachback & Support to AWC Reachback From deployed HQs and Sqns to AWC-based analysts Storm Shadow performance Weapon applications OAE support to AWC Capability measure: Iraqi military systems Post Conflict Analysis:  Post Conflict Analysis CWEAT Combined Weapons Effect Assessment Team In country assessment: ‘boots on the ground’ Target inspection Damage assessment Weapon suitability Slide21:  We like bridges but... ...success can be elusive:  ...success can be elusive Lessons:  Lessons OA/scientific/IT support to HQs and especially sqns is definitely valued by the military customer Especially to have it ‘on location’ Invited on Afghanistan holiday (Harrier) Lessons:  Lessons General Training and preparation of analysts Risk assessment: difficult for war zones Medical Military training/kit - availability Tools, Techniques, Models: usage currency Communications for reachback Standard data collection methods/formats Must understand operational context 80% answer now >> 100% tomorrow Lessons contd:  Lessons contd Locate analysts with customers ie with operators at HQs and operating bases Be active: get out and speak to people Explain what OA can and cannot achieve Get to know them before op deployment Develop relationship before the op starts Get to know people personally Avoid (most) non-OA tasks be helpful but do not be an admin drudge Lessons contd:  Lessons contd Operational timescales can be very short < one hour Be accurate, be clear, be right OA output must be useful to the military customer Being correct is not enough; be relevant Avoid lengthy, academic studies that have no conclusion “Further studies are necessary” Context :  Context To Achieve 90% Pk on a 60’x100’ Target (dumb bombs) WWII (B-17): 9,070 Bombs Korea/Vietnam (F-84/F-105): 176 Bombs Desert Storm (F-16): 30 Bombs Desert Storm (F-117): 1 LGB Op TELIC:  Op TELIC Op GRANBY 81% dumb weapons 19% guided weapons Op TELIC 16% dumb weapons 84% guided weapons Op TELIC OA Results:  Op TELIC OA Results Op TELIC Air domain data > 4 Gb of data (Secret) > 10,000 files > 1,000 images & weapon system videos Summarised, analysed and reported: weapon numbers hit rates sortie rates (abort numbers and types) Bombing Tonnage:  Bombing Tonnage Numbers - OIF:  Numbers - OIF Coalition combat ac ~786 20,733 sorties 19,948 guided munitions launched 9,251 unguided munitions launched Leaflets Dropped 31,800,000 120,454 rolls of toilet paper So What?:  So What? What do all the numbers mean? Iraq - Op IRAQI FREEDOM:  Iraq - Op IRAQI FREEDOM Combat Assessment plan initiated early Detailed plan α Operational Objectives 4 α Tactical Objectives 15 α Tactical Tasks 3-5 MoEs per Tactical Task Total data requirement = HUGE ! Lessons:  Lessons Campaign Assessment (CA) Very challenging: short, high intensity war Data and analysis ‘hungry’ How to measure ‘effect’ True EBO or kinetic result: crater counting? CA: early input to planning essential Lessons:  Lessons Beware the temptation of Powerpoint Glossy slides are not a substitute for analysis and advice In Op IRAQI FREEDOM, the Coalition had Powerpoint supremacy Air Component Cdr: 200-slide briefings! Thoughts for the future:  Thoughts for the future Campaign/Operation Assessment How well am I doing? Measures of Effectiveness How do I know when I have succeeded? Success Indicators Measure effect and progress Effort does not equal progress Conclusions :  Conclusions OA support to ops works but must be quick and relevant Technical & tactical areas well covered Campaign Assessment: a capability gap Slide38:  QUESTIONS

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