Texas History 3 Revolt and US Mexican War

Information about Texas History 3 Revolt and US Mexican War

Published on December 7, 2007

Author: Belly

Source: authorstream.com

Content

Slide1:  Map 1) Borderlands 1700-1763 Slide2:  Map 2) Borderlands 1763-1800 Slide3:  Map 3) Borderlands 1800-1819 Slide4:  Map 4) Borderlands 1819-1848 Slide6:  Moses Austin (1761-1821) Slide7:  Stephen F. Austin—Land Empresario Slide8:  General James Wilkinson (1806) Philip Nolan (1801) A scientific expedition dispatched by President Thomas Jefferson. (1806) Slide9:  In 1819, Dr. James Long and a force of fellow filibusters attempted to wrest Texas from Mexico. This endeavor apparently had the backing of a group of Natchez entrepreneurs who were upset over the passage of the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819. p. 57. Slide10:  The Constitution of 1824 Slide11:  Haden Edwards, Benjamin Edwards and the Fredonia Republic (1826) Slide12:  The Investigation and Report of Mier Y Terán In order to evaluate how the national government might best deal with the troubles in Texas, Mexico dispatched Manuel de Mier y Terán, a high-ranking military officer and trained engineer, to the north. Crossing into Texas in 1828, Mier y Terán reported that: The province was flooded with Anglo Americans Nacogdoches had essentially become an American town Prospects for assimilation of the Anglos into Mexican culture appeared dim The Anglo settlements generally resisted obeying the colonization laws. Mier y Terán report spurred the drafting and implementation of the Law of April 6, 1830. p. 64. Slide13:  The Law of April 6, 1830 The Law of April 6, 1830 intended to stop further immigration into Texas from the United States by declaring uncompleted empresario agreements as void, although Mier y Terán let stand as valid those contract belonging to men who had already brought 100 families. Future American immigrants must not settle in any territory bordering the United States. New presidio were established to check illegal immigration. The Law banned further importation of slaves into Texas. p. 64. Slide14:  General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Slide15:  The era of Santa Anna: An era of flamboyant caudillaje and chronic instability 1821--he switched allegiance and joined Iturbide's fight for Mexican Independence. 1823--he led republican forces against the empire and was instrumental in overthrowing Iturbide. 1827--he took the lead in suppressing Vice-President Nicolás Bravo's (conservative) revolt against President Victoria (liberal). 1828--he saw to it that the defeated liberal candidate, Vicente Guerrero, was installed in office. 1829--he defeated the Spanish invasion forces as Tampico to save the infant republic. 1832--he overthrew the Bustamante dictatorship after it had become intolerable. But his illustrious career in a chaotic Mexico was just getting started in 1833. Indeed--if you can believe it--1833 marks the beginning of an era that was even more chaotic for Mexico. Between May 1833 and August 1855 the presidency changed hands thirty-six times, the average term being about 7½ months. Santa Anna occupied the presidential chair on eleven different occasions, and, without question, he was the most powerful political figure in Mexico during this time. Even when he was out of office he was a powerful force to be reckoned with and a constant danger to the incumbent regime and to anyone aspiring to the succession. Slide16:  In 1833, Santa Anna won the presidency with the largest majority in Mexican history. But, he soon grew bored of the presidential day-to-day work. Thus, he returned to his estate in Vera Cruz and left the presidency to Vice-President Valentín Gómez Farías. Santa Anna wins the Presidency in 1833, then leaves it to Gómez Farías Slide17:  The liberal reforms of Valentín Gómez Farías Military Reforms: Reduce the size of the army He abolished military fueros (i.e. army officers would now have to stand trial in civil courts.) B. Gómez Farías’s Clerical Reforms:  B. Gómez Farías’s Clerical Reforms Clergymen throughout the country were advised that they should limit their directives and admonitions from the pulpit to matters of religion. The secularization of education--including the University of Mexico. All future clerical appointments would be made by the government rather than the papacy.  The mandatory payment of the tithe was declared illegal. (The individual was asked to search his own conscience and respond as he would.) Congress enacted legislation permitting nuns, priests, and lay brothers, who had taken oaths to spend their entire lives as brides and servants of Christ, to forswear their vows. (This was done in the name of individual freedom--a concept much in vogue with the nineteenth-century liberals.) The Franciscan missions in California were secularized and their funds and property sequestered. Slide19:  Understandably, many of those who had vested interests in the Church or the military hated Gómez Farías reforms. To the rallying cry of Religión y Fueros the church, the army, and other conservative groupings banded together and called for the overthrow of the government. Santa Anna joins the conservatives cause and overthrows the government of his former Vice-President, Gómez Farías: Again thirsting for public acclaim the retired President Santa Anna jumped at the new opportunity for action and agreed to lead the movement against his former vice-president, Gómez Farías. Not embarrassed by lack of consistency, the embattled champion of all liberal causes since 1821 suddenly began denouncing anticlerical atheists, naive federalists, subversive anarchists, Gómez Farías, and his liberal cohorts. Slide20:  The Constitution of 1824 The Texas Revolt:  The Texas Revolt A. Permission to settle:  Starting in 1821, Spain and then an Independent Mexico had granted permission to Catholic (North) Americans to settle the sparsely populated territory of Texas.  B. Incentives for settlement: Soon there was a great influx of Americans settlers into Texas. The land was practically free--only 10¢ an acre as opposed to $1.25 an acre for inferior land in the U.S. Each male colonists over twenty-one years of age was allowed to purchase 640 acres for himself, 320 acres for his wife, 160 acres for each child and, significantly, an additional 80 acres for each slaves that he brought with him. The numerical dominance of the American settlers: 1827: By 1827 there were some 12,000 United States citizens living in Texas, while there were only 7,000 Mexicans. 1835: By 1835 the immigrant population had reached 30,000, while the Mexican population had barely passed 7,800 The Mexican response to the influx of Americans:  The Mexican response to the influx of Americans 1. Slavery was abolished: The first important piece of legislation designed to prevent a further weakening of Mexican control was President Guerrero's emancipation proclamation of 1829. Because slavery as not important anywhere else in the republic, the measure was clearly directed at Texas. Although manumission was not immediately enforced, it was hoped that the decree itself would make Mexico less attractive to colonists from the U.S. South and would thus arrest immigration.   2. Forbiddance of further immigration: The colonization law of 1830 explicitly forbade all future immigration into Texas from the United States and called for the strengthening of Mexican garrisons, the improvement of economic ties between Texas and the remainder of Mexico by the establishment of a new coastal trade, and the encouragement of increased Mexican colonization. Slide23:  October 2, 1835—The Battle of Gonzales. The first battle of the Texas Revolution begins when Santa Anna sends a detachment of Mexican Calvary to retrieve a cannon. Texans drive them back using the cannon. The battle flag used by the Texans features a picture of a cannon and the written dare "come and take it." The Texans Response :  The Texans Response The Texans considered these measures repressive. The last straw, as far as the Texans were concerned, was the news from Mexico City that Santa Anna had arbitrarily annulled the federal Constitution of 1824. The centralist tendencies of the new regime meant that, instead of having a greater voice in the management of local affairs, the Texans were to have no voice at all.  The Lone Stare Republic is declared. The Texans had decided on independence and subsequently chose David Burnet as president of the Lone Star Republic and Zavala as vice-president. Slide25:  * In 1836 a Mexican force of about 4000 men commanded by Santa Anna reached San Antonio. The San Antonio garrison—187 men under the command of Colonel William Barrett Travis—withdrew to the Alamo. About 15 civilians were with the men inside the Alamo. Santa Anna attacked the Alamo, eventually breaching the mission walls. Only the civilians survived. * 1835: Santa Anna moves north at the head of some 6,000 troops. Slide27:  The Goliad Affair: Mexican forces executed 365 Texan prisoners who had surrendered. Several weeks after the surrender of the Alamo, Genaral José Urrea engaged a force of Texans under the command of Colonel James W. Fannin at the small town of Goliad. Surrounded and outnumbered, Fannin surrendered in the belief that he and his men would be afforded the recognized rights of prisoners of war. Realizing that the tenor of the war had been set at the Alamo, General Urrea wrote to Santa Anna urging clemency for Fannin and the other prisoners. Urrea then moved on to another engagement and left the Texas prisoners in the charge of Lieutenant Colonel Nicolás de la Portilla. Santa Anna, however, ordered Nicolás de la Portilla to execute the prisoners, which he promptly did despite some moral misgiving. All 365 prisoners were executed. Slide28:  Texas Forever!! [New Orleans? 1836]. Broadside, CN 00834, Broadside Collection. This is the only known copy of an inflammatory circular issued in New Orleans that demonized the Mexican army and offered substantial inducements of land to all who would come to aid the Texan cause. The broadside contains a brief account of the Alamo siege, the outcome of which was still unknown at the time this circular was issued. The Houston administration also passed legislation to encourage immigration and raise revenue; for this it turned to land, the government’s most tangible resource. The ad interim government had provided headrights (grants of land that obliged grantees to comply with certain conditions, such as improving the land) in order to entice volunteers into the Texas army. (p. 90.) Slide29:  Santa Anna is defeated and captured at the Battle of San Jacinto: The excesses committed by Santa Anna's troops at the Alamo and Goliad crystallized opposition to Mexico both among Texans and in the United States. Supplies and men began to pour into Texas, and by the third week in April Houston felt strong enough to make a stand. He chose his own ground and, in the middle of the afternoon on April 21, caught Santa Anna's troops of guard near San Jacinto River. Within half an hour the Mexican arm was routed, and Santa Anna himself fled for safety. Two days later he was captured by one of Houston's patrols. Slide30:  In this popular print the victorious General Houston, dressed in colorful Indian garb, vents his moral wrath on the defeated Mexican commanders. The contemporary lithograph suggests how deeply the events of the Texas Revolution resonated in the United States.

Related presentations


Other presentations created by Belly

Capital budgeting
28. 04. 2008
0 views

Capital budgeting

Nice pics slides
17. 09. 2007
0 views

Nice pics slides

perceptron 2 4 2008
30. 04. 2008
0 views

perceptron 2 4 2008

pham07
18. 04. 2008
0 views

pham07

FC STONE GREAT WALL1
17. 04. 2008
0 views

FC STONE GREAT WALL1

Sauter Nuts Bolt ETFs
16. 04. 2008
0 views

Sauter Nuts Bolt ETFs

UnivOfGuelphNov26th
14. 04. 2008
0 views

UnivOfGuelphNov26th

fujiwara
13. 04. 2008
0 views

fujiwara

Week 08 Finance
10. 04. 2008
0 views

Week 08 Finance

Lct1
09. 04. 2008
0 views

Lct1

outlook
19. 06. 2007
0 views

outlook

Microsoft Windows Vista
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Microsoft Windows Vista

2004 presentation
13. 09. 2007
0 views

2004 presentation

Australian
13. 09. 2007
0 views

Australian

NBB
13. 09. 2007
0 views

NBB

Thilo Ewald ppt
13. 09. 2007
0 views

Thilo Ewald ppt

20031216 NASANIH presentation
05. 10. 2007
0 views

20031216 NASANIH presentation

mna presentation
17. 10. 2007
0 views

mna presentation

lect29 groupwords
18. 10. 2007
0 views

lect29 groupwords

Essential Q Imperialism 2
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Essential Q Imperialism 2

p puska
07. 09. 2007
0 views

p puska

Productivity
07. 09. 2007
0 views

Productivity

honeyPots
13. 09. 2007
0 views

honeyPots

NDB Bensouda
23. 10. 2007
0 views

NDB Bensouda

181105
24. 10. 2007
0 views

181105

METO200Lect19 20
05. 10. 2007
0 views

METO200Lect19 20

oksupercompsymp2006 talk matrow
17. 10. 2007
0 views

oksupercompsymp2006 talk matrow

mareyes
25. 10. 2007
0 views

mareyes

2 01 3
29. 10. 2007
0 views

2 01 3

Online Class Evaluations 8
30. 10. 2007
0 views

Online Class Evaluations 8

1 3Grand father Journey
02. 11. 2007
0 views

1 3Grand father Journey

TuijaKuisma
07. 09. 2007
0 views

TuijaKuisma

Metallsektor
14. 11. 2007
0 views

Metallsektor

insects in out
13. 09. 2007
0 views

insects in out

oasen
16. 11. 2007
0 views

oasen

Unit 10 Scent Theory
17. 11. 2007
0 views

Unit 10 Scent Theory

SPEAR 2004
21. 11. 2007
0 views

SPEAR 2004

danse macabre
22. 11. 2007
0 views

danse macabre

kmutt
13. 09. 2007
0 views

kmutt

NCUR SDT 4 19 05
04. 01. 2008
0 views

NCUR SDT 4 19 05

gerber colloq UICtop feb2002
15. 10. 2007
0 views

gerber colloq UICtop feb2002

Lioi Altered Version
07. 01. 2008
0 views

Lioi Altered Version

Five Halloween Pumpkins audacity
02. 11. 2007
0 views

Five Halloween Pumpkins audacity

smime
07. 10. 2007
0 views

smime

CdF BEC
20. 11. 2007
0 views

CdF BEC

WEB C Schumacher
23. 10. 2007
0 views

WEB C Schumacher

bsb
13. 09. 2007
0 views

bsb

2006052213550876705
03. 01. 2008
0 views

2006052213550876705

1 11
19. 02. 2008
0 views

1 11

Ukraine
20. 02. 2008
0 views

Ukraine

truck tmp1002
27. 02. 2008
0 views

truck tmp1002

ace program plan
29. 02. 2008
0 views

ace program plan

takala
07. 09. 2007
0 views

takala

464 TM12
14. 12. 2007
0 views

464 TM12

ICEBP presentation for ANZCP A
10. 03. 2008
0 views

ICEBP presentation for ANZCP A

aionescu cmc dec06
30. 10. 2007
0 views

aionescu cmc dec06

creationtalk
11. 03. 2008
0 views

creationtalk

Data Mining 2
12. 03. 2008
0 views

Data Mining 2

Omaha Pres for NAP web2
29. 12. 2007
0 views

Omaha Pres for NAP web2

sustainable development part1
26. 03. 2008
0 views

sustainable development part1

Schrage
31. 08. 2007
0 views

Schrage

IHYJP Kickoff Poster
09. 10. 2007
0 views

IHYJP Kickoff Poster

020703 DHCAL
31. 08. 2007
0 views

020703 DHCAL

Vimpel Com
31. 08. 2007
0 views

Vimpel Com

Overland vista uib itforum
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Overland vista uib itforum

OS Notes
19. 06. 2007
0 views

OS Notes

NVIDIA OpenGL on Vista
19. 06. 2007
0 views

NVIDIA OpenGL on Vista

NonAdmin Pilot
19. 06. 2007
0 views

NonAdmin Pilot

New Mexico NETUG WPF
19. 06. 2007
0 views

New Mexico NETUG WPF

nercomp SIG
19. 06. 2007
0 views

nercomp SIG

MSAM Launch Vista Final Updated
19. 06. 2007
0 views

MSAM Launch Vista Final Updated

MOSS WF Talk
19. 06. 2007
0 views

MOSS WF Talk

More Online Games
19. 06. 2007
0 views

More Online Games

MHay Wireless
19. 06. 2007
0 views

MHay Wireless

Marl WSUS3
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Marl WSUS3

mail list news
19. 06. 2007
0 views

mail list news

Lenovo UofU
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Lenovo UofU

Lecture II
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Lecture II

Smith F09
13. 10. 2007
0 views

Smith F09

35508
26. 02. 2008
0 views

35508

pinar
19. 06. 2007
0 views

pinar

pgp
19. 06. 2007
0 views

pgp

pessner
19. 06. 2007
0 views

pessner

Overview Presentation
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Overview Presentation

North Dakota Annuity Deck
19. 06. 2007
0 views

North Dakota Annuity Deck

Rutland Presentation plenary4
31. 08. 2007
0 views

Rutland Presentation plenary4

NAMI NC 112707
07. 01. 2008
0 views

NAMI NC 112707

finland poster
07. 09. 2007
0 views

finland poster

sample
27. 09. 2007
0 views

sample

dtk
13. 09. 2007
0 views

dtk

Phenotyping Oxford
17. 10. 2007
0 views

Phenotyping Oxford

dog breeding
19. 11. 2007
0 views

dog breeding

5th trondhiem
29. 11. 2007
0 views

5th trondhiem

policies regs
28. 12. 2007
0 views

policies regs

GetuHailu
13. 09. 2007
0 views

GetuHailu

genealogy
01. 10. 2007
0 views

genealogy

net info 050928
19. 06. 2007
0 views

net info 050928

chap7
15. 10. 2007
0 views

chap7

Rafael Guillen CCAD SIAM mar06
22. 10. 2007
0 views

Rafael Guillen CCAD SIAM mar06

na3 Russia
31. 08. 2007
0 views

na3 Russia

Sois Global Programs3 12 04
31. 08. 2007
0 views

Sois Global Programs3 12 04

sacha
31. 08. 2007
0 views

sacha

amm pres valdez lacnic
22. 10. 2007
0 views

amm pres valdez lacnic

nwnt
19. 06. 2007
0 views

nwnt

STAR shielding 2
13. 11. 2007
0 views

STAR shielding 2

voiceline overview
17. 10. 2007
0 views

voiceline overview

gross PPT
07. 04. 2008
0 views

gross PPT

WP1a
15. 10. 2007
0 views

WP1a

Microarray Data Standard
07. 11. 2007
0 views

Microarray Data Standard

Lim Badejo Dell Presentation 1
19. 06. 2007
0 views

Lim Badejo Dell Presentation 1

HongKong Punkka Salo
07. 09. 2007
0 views

HongKong Punkka Salo

Dvoretsky
31. 08. 2007
0 views

Dvoretsky

qm1 web
03. 01. 2008
0 views

qm1 web

IAPS
07. 09. 2007
0 views

IAPS

yalestudy
28. 09. 2007
0 views

yalestudy

digvlsideslec1
12. 10. 2007
0 views

digvlsideslec1

mead
13. 09. 2007
0 views

mead

bashmakov
31. 08. 2007
0 views

bashmakov