Published on March 11, 2014
The Chinese Civil War: The Chinese Civil War and the Rise of Communism Anti-foreign sentiment: Anti-foreign sentiment Opium Wars ( 1839-1842; 1856-1860) Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901) T-P-S: What were the similar causes between these two movements? Sun yat-sen: Sun yat - sen Father of modern Chinese Republic Founded Koumintang (Nationalist Party) Nationalism Democracy People’s Livelihood Xinhai Revolution (1911) Overthrows Qing Dynasty New republic: New republic Sun Yat-sen hands power to general Yuan Shikai Shikai betrays democratic ideals Shikai dies in 1916, sparking civil war Warlords and military leaders maintain territorial power Ideological Divides: Ideological Divides Jiang jieshi Leader of Koumintang after Sun Yat-sen’s death in 1925 Followers were middle and upper-class Chinese Government became corrupt and undemocratic Mao tse-tung Leader of Chinese Communist Party Followers were mainly peasants Appealed to poor by dividing land won from territorial warlords Nationalism vs. communism: Nationalism vs. communism Graphic Organizer: Compare and contrast the practices and ideologies of Jiang and Mao. PowerPoint Presentation: TIMELINE The long march: The long march 1933 Koumintang forces surround Communist stronghold Mao forced to retreat over 6,000 miles Communists rebuild as Japan invades China An uneasy truce: An uneasy truce Japanese invade Manchuria in 1931 By 1938, Japanese hold eastern China Forces truce between Koumintang and Communist Party Communist revolution: Communist revolution Civil war resumes in 1946 Mao emerges victorious in 1949 CCP sign friendship treaty with USSR in 1950 Quickwrite : List 2-3 reasons the Koumintang were defeated by the CCP. Explain why those reasons led to Mao Tse-tung’s victory.